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Acadia University Cultural Disparity African American Education Discussion

Acadia University Cultural Disparity African American Education Discussion.

essay on the following topic:
Explore academic achievement/educational experiences among people of color populations within the United States.Requirements
Page Length: A minimum of 4 and 6 full pages, most will be 4.5-6 Pages.
Sources: You must have at least FOUR outside academic sources (peer reviewed journal articles or books) along with the use of the textbook.
Cite your articles on an additional page (citation does not count toward page length).
Spelling and Grammar: One of the easiest ways to get points taken off is not to use spell check. Use spell check and READ over your papers! Many spelling and grammatical errors can be caught this way.
*The paper should be 4-6 pages in length, double-spaced (no extra spaces between paragraphs), with 12-point Times New Roman font, 1” margins, and proper citations (both within the text and with a ‘works cited’ section); the works cited pages do not count towards/against the page limit. Spelling and grammar are a part of these assignments, as incorrect usage can inhibit your ability to communicate your ideas. MLA, APA, ASA, or Chicago Style is acceptable, pick one and be consistent.
Acadia University Cultural Disparity African American Education Discussion

Adopting a Shelter Pet as an Ethical Decision Essay

Pets are an important part of the life of any animal lover. They provide unconditional love and affection that can brighten our mood on the worst days. However, many pets do not get to know the joy of companionship and comfortable living. They are left on the streets or in pet shelters, and can even be euthanized if an owner cannot be found in time. In this context, preferring to buy pets from breeders is irrational and unnecessary. First of all, people’s beliefs that a pet from a breeder be healthier and behave better than a shelter animal because it is purebred are misguided. There are many genetic illnesses that are common in purebred cats and dogs but are not prevalent in mixed breeds. A review published in Scientific American (Maldarelli, 2014) confirms that mixed breed dogs are often healthier than purebreds. The vast majority of animals in shelters are not purebred, and thus adopting a pet will help the owner save on veterinarian bills and ensure that their companion lives longer. With regards to behavior, there is no scientific consensus on behavioral differences between purebred and mixed breed cats and dogs. Some research studies found an increased likelihood of misbehavior in mixed breed dogs (Pendergrass, 2017). Still, people should not refrain from adopting pets from a shelter because shelter staff always ensure that the animal is well-trained and not aggressive. Hence, behavior and health should not be used as arguments to opt for purebred animals instead of shelter pets. Secondly, supporting dog and cat breeders by buying animals from them is widely considered unethical. To gain more profits, breeders often disregard the living conditions of adult animals and their puppies to the point of breaking animal protection laws. For example, an article by Eglot and Harvey (2018) reports on unethical puppy and kitten mills in England, where hundreds of animals were kept in poor conditions and received no proper care and nutrition. The problem of unethical breeding is also prominent in the United States. Recently, the state of California passed legislation prohibiting pet stores from selling animals from breeders, which is a first step in addressing the issue (Hauser, 2019). Buying pets from breeders support the business, making it harder for the government to improve the situation, and is thus unethical. Adopting a shelter pet, on the other hand, is a rewarding and ethical decision. Most of the pets who stay in shelters are perfectly healthy and well-behaved, yet they still wait for years to find their owner. Some shelters are required to euthanize animals who have not been adopted within a specific time frame because the capacity of shelters is limited and there are more pets in need of urgent help. Although staff in shelters take action to socialize animals and care for them, they cannot provide enough love and affection to each animal. As a result, pets who are used to human contact become depressed, reject food and water, and develop health issues (Kavin, 2016). Like children in foster care, animals in shelters need a caring home and an owner who will love them. Adopting one pet from a shelter will make at least two creatures happy: the animal and its new owner. A happy pet, consequentially, will bring joy into any home and will become a loyal companion who is always by the owners’ side. To conclude, it is clear that adopting a pet from a shelter is a better option than buying one from a breeder. Mixed breed pets who come from shelters are usually healthier than purebred pets and do not have any behavioral problems. Moreover, adopting a pet is also an ethical decision, whereas people who buy pets from breeders support the business that damages the health and well-being of animals. A shelter pet will reward its new owner with unconditional love and support just as any purebred animal would, so why not make a better choice? References Eglot, J.,

Entrepreneurship and Innovation: The United Arab Emirates Report (Assessment)

assignment writer Introduction: Business Endeavors and Results Evaluation Introducing innovative strategies into business is essential for the economic development of the state and the growth of its enterprises. As long as a country acquires the information on the latest strategies in business, it is capable of keeping in pace with the rest of the world and, therefore, remaining competitive. However, as soon as a state loses the touch with the globalized world, its business sector starts deteriorating pretty soon. Despite the fact that the UAE is currently among the world’s most successful states, without the proper innovations introduced into the entrepreneurship sphere, it is most likely to share South Korea and Taiwan’s deplorable experience, which is a result of not updating business strategies when it is needed. Considering the Experience of South Korea and Taiwan Analyzing the string of events that spurred economical, financial and entrepreneurial evolution of South Korea and Taiwan, one must mention first several issues that the given states had with their business field to begin with. As the research says, Korea was in a very unique and quite complicated position, seeing how it was completely devastated after the war with North Korea and was trying to improve its performance in the world scene. As the research results state, the key to economic success was to progress from low to high growth and focus on exporting the goods to the partner states. Speaking of Taiwan, its unique business setting involved the reconstruction issues that the sate faced in the early 50s. As a result, it was required to update the strategy on human resources and improve the technological aspects of the Taiwanese entrepreneurship. Eriksson (2005) teaches that every single innovation strategy must be based on the assets of the state economics, which the country has gained over the course of its history, just like it must take into account its key weaknesses. The Entrepreneurial Climate of the UAE: SMEs and Women in Business Consequently, it is required to look closer at the specifics of the UAE entrepreneurship. At present, the owners of small businesses face serious competition from the public domain and the immigrant owners of private enterprises within the state. In addition, the public companies in the UAE are notorious for their chauvinist policies, with little to no women getting promoted to the higher positions. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More What It Takes to Build Innovation Based Policies Judging by the situation described above, it can be assumed that the UAE needs to reconsider its traditional approach towards such issues as gender profiling within the system of public entrepreneurships, the opportunities for employment in private sector and the monopoly on private entrepreneurship owned by the foreign investors and the immigrants from other countries. To address the aforementioned issues, it will be required that the new policies including the regulations for avoiding discrimination should be introduced into the public sector. In addition, the creation of SMEs should be encouraged. Overcoming Possible Obstacles: The Fear of Defeat Taking the aforementioned issues of gender discrimination, lack of positions for the native residents of the UAE in private sphere, the insufficient professional skills of the latter and the lack of SMEs within the state, one must admit that there are a lot of obstacles standing in front of the UAE entrepreneurs. Conclusion: When the proper Strategy Has Been Defined It is clear that at present, the UAE business field needs considerable improvement. Apart from the deplorable state of affairs concerning women in business, there is an obvious problem with the public sphere being flooded by the natives and, therefore, leaving a number of people suffering from unemployment and creating mad competition within the sphere of public companies. By developing its small businesses, allowing more women into the entrepreneurial sphere and helping the natives get jobs in private sphere, one can expect considerable improvements. Reference List Eriksson S. (2005). Innovation policies in South Korea and Taiwan. Stockholm, SE: Vinnova Analysis.

The Pursuit Of Knowledge Philosophy Essay

In order to have healthy answer for this question, I think we have to first identifiy what disagreement is, why it occurs and also to determine between who and where it occurs in order for it to contribute the pursuit of knowledge. Disagreement is a conflict of people’s diversity of opinions or actions or characters. There are approximately 7 billion people in the world from different backgrounds, cultures, with a wide age range, and also variety of gender. Two ways of knowing known as perception and emotion used in obtaining knowledge, can vary among the people based on gender, age, culture, environment, level of education and religion. The variation of perception and emotions of the people are the main factors that cause disagreement between individuals in the pursuit of knowledge. A person raised in an environment in which progressive ideology was adopted with high education degree will have different perception and emotionional approach from a different angle in considering ”legalization of same sex marriage” compare to someone that was raised in conservative environment with a high school diploma. Disagreement between individuals contains miscellaneous opinions that is arised by variety of perception and emotion among the people. According to TOK, perception and emotion are referred as key factors of knowing and since, disagreement is caused by variety of perceptions and emotions, then, I think that disagreement is key to a deeper understanding in all endeavors and in pursuit of knowledge. If we only surround ourselves with those who agree with us without any presence of opposition, then we will never stretch our minds nor test our limitations. Also, If we would not have disaagreements caused by variety of perspectives, we would not have knowledge that carries universal or national value; knowledge would be unstable among the nations or perspectives. I think that knowledge produced as an outcome of the disagreement has broader validity or universal acceptance based on variety of perceptions and emotions used in obtaining it. Without disagreement over an issue, there would be no further development of humankind. It would be knowledge that would just benefit limited amount of people that shares the same emotions and perceptions. It would be considered as fallacy for the peope who has different perspectives ,caused by perceptions and emotions, towards that issue. The reason behind why science makes progress precisely is presence of disagreement. Scientists mention that none of the theories are absolutely true but the most recent ones are the best natural explanation available. In science, disagreement is caused by idea of Falsification that was driven by Karl Popper. The falsification is the idea that, after a theory is being created, other scientist tries to evaluate and refute the validity of that theory. Along this process, the theory becomes much stronger and reliable as more possibilities are taken away. Also during these conflicts variety of ideas lead to enrichment of the subject matter of the issue. The idea of Falsification makes disagreement essential in the pursuit of knowledge. Scientist is considered a salesman, who is trying to sell his or her ideas. If idea of a scientist provides a better fit to the evidence, it becomes temporary theory. We refer it as a temporary theory because its validity can be refuted during Falsification process. Scientists improve their ideas by the ciriticism of their pers and the science advances through that process. Sometimes, scientist can not recognize their errors in their theories or experiments, due to their biased, but other scientist can determine the fallacy in other scientist’s theory through disagreement, which contributes scientific knowledge. As I mentioned before, science does not establish any idea on an absolute basis. Science’s most respected ideas are promoted from their originial status as hypothesis to theory to law, but even laws can be superseded. For example, Newton’s Law of Gravity was supplanted by Einstein’s Theory of General Relativity. The Abraham- Minkowski debate is an example of scientific controversy that led to further investigation and perhaps it has persisted for a century. After further investigation of the controversy, scientist state that the controversy was occured by insufficiency of another theory known as Maxwell-Lorenz theory that caused so much confusion for a long period of time among the scientists. By further investigation in this area caused by disagreement, led to acquiring of more knowledge in that particular area and also elimination of previous fallacies. Another reason why disagreement occurs in science is different perceptions and emotions of the scientists based on their background, which affects their approach towards an issue (considering its ethics) and this creates conflicts between scienctist. An example for that would be the Embryotic stem cell research. Nowadays, disaagrement occurs between scientists in use of embryotic stem cell in replacing or creating tissue for the people, who may need it. The issue is these embryotic stem cells are obtained from a blastocyst ( 5 days embryo). By obtaining these embryotic cells from the blastocyst, its further development is prevented and it is basicly destructed . Some scientists do not find it ethic to kill innocant something that will later form human for curing someone else. But, opposing scientist state that blastoycst is a 5 day embryo that does have any characteristics of a human meaning that it does not include any organs – respiratory systems – that makes him a human Disagrement arising from these 2 sides based on different perceptions and emotions is led into in depth analyze of the other stem cells found in body that could also replace the old organs. There is no absolute resolution of the controversy- but it led to further investigation on other stem cell tissues, such as Induced Pluripotent stem cells ,which might have same effect as embryotic stem cells. If there would be no controversy against use of stem cells, there would be no investigation in other tissues found in human body that would have same affect as embryotic stem cells. On the other hand, some religious perspectives point out that the further development of this investigation would trigger discovery of coloning of people. As a result, disagreement occurs between scientist and religious leaders. Since the areas of these 2 opposing sides are focusing on different subjects, this controversy would not be resoluted that would contribute to the pursuit of knowledge. There are also some examples that demonstrate the disadvantages of disagreements and creates confusion among humankind. For examples, some doctors say that women should undergo mammography for early detection of a cancer cell. But some doctors say that mammography itself causes cancer, therefore, women should not use it. This disagreement between these 2 opposing doctors leads to confusion among women whether to go through mammography or not. Disagreements also occur in politics. Disagreements between opposing parties during the elections reveals the lacking reforms of both parties in some particular areas, which contributes societies knowledge and increases awareness. For example, there was a disagreement in the implementation of the Affordable Care Act between President Obama and Governer Romney. Governer Romney mentioned that the act would harm the economy, add to the deficit, and cause the price of healthcare to rise, rather than fall. On the other hand, President Obama stated that the law greatly expands access to healthcare and will boost the economy. Both sides revealed the facts that would caused by the act as the result of disagreement. Revealing information related to the act awakened awareness among the people, and its evaluation was easier whether it should be implemented or not, by the people based on amount of knowledge obtained from the disagreement. I personally think that disagreement is key fact in obtaining knowledge in human sciences. For example, when I order a food with my friend, my friend prefers ceaser salad and I prefer peperoni pizza. Disagreement arising in making this decion lead me and my friend revealing the facts, for example amount of calory, taste or ingredients, related to food that will whether have positive or negative effect on us. By evaluating all these facts as a result of the disagreement, we choose something that will have appeal on both of us and we obtain knowledge related to this concept, which will later help us in our future decisions. Disagreement caused by variety of perceptions and emotions among the people, is a key fact for a deep understanding in a particular area and knowledge obtained from the disagreement holds more value and has universal appeal such as Einstein – Newton controversy. But in order for disagreement to aid pursuit of knowledge, there are limits such as ”Where” and ”Between Who” it occurs. http://www.nature.com/scitable/topicpage/turning-somatic-cells-into-pluripotent-stem-cells-14431451 – stem cells http://arxiv.org/abs/1208.0872 – the Abraham-Minkowski Controversy

Power, Politics, Government in Canada and America Report (Assessment)

Nations, States, Rank, and Power The differences between the concepts of nation, country, state, government, and nation-state A nation is a group of people more extensive than a tribe or an ethnic community and shares a common language, culture, history, and religion. Several nations may exist in one geographical or administrative area. For example, in Canada, several nations, together with Québécois, identify with as nationals. There can be two nations that exist in one state, or also there can be one nation that exists in more than one state (Guy 75). A country is understood as the entire characteristics of a geographical entity: its geographical entity and material and social-economic components of a state. A state in the international system is defined as an entity with the following characteristics; territory, government, population, and capacity to enter into relations with other states. It is this legal entity that makes states to qualify as an international legal person. The capacity of any state to enter into relations with other states gives it a leeway in the signing of treaties, forming alliances and entering into diplomatic relations with other states, and gaining membership to international organizations. On the other hand, a government is an institutionalized process of allocating and distributing values that are the binding decision of the people. Nation-state describes two phenomena: first is used when one nation inhabits one state. A nation-state may also be used when one nation occupies a similar boundary as the state. Examples of a nation-state are Germany and France. It is estimated that 211 nation-states in the international system host 1400 nationalities in the whole world. Superpower and its role in the international system Superpower is s term that is used to describe a dominant state in a unipolar international system. Since the collapse of the USSR after the Cold War, the United States of America has remained the only superpower. In the international system, a superpower performs the role of world policeman. It can also exercise leverage over other states since it ranks high in all power components, or rather its power capability is high. Middle power is that state with power capabilities slightly below that of the superpower and can demonstrate its ability to challenge the superpower. Their role in the international system is to check on and challenge the superpower. Middle powers provide competition in the polarity regime. The difficulties of measuring power among the states comprising the international system There have been several difficulties in measuring power and power potential among states. This is because of the dynamism of the variables. The emergence of sophisticated weapons, advanced information technology, and other agents of globalization rendered some instruments of power capability obsolete. For example, geography, which was considered a blessing, is the worst affected by these developments. The military is no longer an essential indicator of measuring power among states. This is because states have opted for soft power, and hard power has been overtaken by events. Also, unlike the 20th century, the military is no longer a measure of might because states have considered war as unfashionable. Factors that comprise soft power: Soft power is defined as the ability of a state to achieve its objectives through attraction and not coercion. This may be achieved through culture, ideals, and policies. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Among the factors that comprise soft power are propaganda, international travel, diplomacy, and cultural exchange. Propaganda is a current mode of soft power. Several wars have been fought without the sound of the bullet or the tanks. Propaganda involves winning as many friends as possible. The Cold War was the most protracted than any other war, yet there was no spilling of blood or property destruction like the first and the Second World War. Another form of soft power is diplomacy. Diplomacy has been at the core of international relations. It is actualized by establishing diplomatic relations with a particular state and then sending a representative. Ambassadors or high commissioners are the individuals tasked by their states to take care of the home state’s affairs in a foreign state. Another form of soft power is cultural exchange. This is achieved through a particular state, establishing a cultural center in a foreign country, or through mass media. During the Cold War, America had Radio Europe that helped propagate its ideals to the European community. The advantages and disadvantages of the various types of economic systems employed among the world’s states The two forms of economic system employed by states are capitalism and communism or socialism. Communism is an economic system in that society wholly owns and controls production factors, while capitalism, on the other hand, is where ownership and factors of production are in the hands of a single individual or rather a private owner. Among the features of communism are communal production, profits are appropriated equally, unlike the self-regulated economy of capitalism, communism is a government economy. Capitalism is driven by the dynamics of the invisible hand of the market. Capitalism is exploitative. Capitalism is driven by the desire of private owners to accumulate a lot of profit. On the other side, communism is like a government project aimed at enhancing social welfare. I’m afraid I have to disagree that the GDP should be used as an instrument for measuring economic growth. This is because GDP only considers the monetary aspect of the economy, hence ignoring essential factors like the environment. GDP also ignores household productions that are the primary responsibility of women in developing countries. GDP heavily relies on the US dollar as a standard currency, too; it ignores the monetary policies of different states and treats other currencies as devalued. Thinking About Government Differentiation of politics from government in relation to accountability, constitutionalism, popular sovereignty, and rule of law Politics is understood as influential behavior that leads to making public decisions, whether within or without the institutional framework of government. On the other hand, a government is an institutionalized process of allocating and distributing values as per the binding decision of the people (Guy 100). We will write a custom Assessment on Power, Politics, Government in Canada and America specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Accountability: accountability is a characteristic of a democratic form of government where the leaders are held responsible for their actions of commission or omission Constitutionalism: constitutionalism is a form of government where the constitution is the supreme law Popular sovereignty: this implies popular participation by the general public in state matters. It is also used in reference to liberal democracy, where the popular will of the people prevails in the conduct of state affairs. In this case, the minority have their say while the majorities have their way. Rule of law: this implies that no one is superior to the law, and it is the law that guides the conduct of national affairs. Attributes of democratic, authoritarian, and totalitarian governments Democratic state A democratic state has the following characteristics. Popular participation In a democratic institution, decisions are always taken to vote. The majority rule over the minority; consequently, there is no dissent in a democratic, and always consensus is the order of the day. Rule of law In a democratic state, the law is always esteemed. Every individual is equal before the law, and in case one violates the law, one will be according to the law, and the due process of the law is followed. The supreme law in a democratic state is the constitution. Transparency and accountability There exists a greater degree of transparency in a democratic state. Leaders are held accountable for their actions. In liberal democracies, corruption is often prohibited by the law, and any citizen involving in corruption is held accountable. Not sure if you can write a paper on Power, Politics, Government in Canada and America by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Political parties Democratic states are characterized by the presence of political parties who often compete for political power. It is this plurality of democratic states that competition for power is highly regarded. Periodic elections Democratic states also practice elections. These elections are often considered competitive and are held after a particular period like after four years in the United States of America and five years in the case of Britain. Canada is regarded as democratic because it has the above characteristics as opposed to China, which does not value democracy, and they practice personal rule. Canada can allow open competitiveness, and the due process of the rule of law is upheld are stronger in Canada exhibit the basic tenets of democracy, which include majority rule and minority rights. Authoritarian rule The following are essential characteristics of totalitarian rule. First is limited pluralism; in a totalitarian government system, political contests are only allowed to a greater extent. They practice elections, but the elections which are not free and fair. The suppression of opposition characterizes most of their elections. Authoritarian regimes only allow elections as a matter of formality and a public relation exercise. In this type of government, the activities of civil society and other interest groups are not tolerated. Term limits are not upheld. Low level of popular participation, authoritarian governments have what is referred to as a parochial political culture where there are a dominant leader and subjects who don’t have a say in running state affairs. The personalized rule is also a feature of authoritarian governments. Authoritarian regimes have lifetime president who rules by suppressing any dissent from the citizens. A totalitarian government is characterized by an umbrella social and political organization. They have a women league, youth league, which are directly linked to the single party. This type of government often experiences high vote turnout during elections since only one candidate presents himself for election. Totalitarian governments also have a monolithic and absolute ideology maintained and propagated through repressive and violent state apparatus. The main characteristics of parliamentary and presidential governments. In a parliamentary system of government, the prime minister is the head of government, and the overall responsibility in the management of the affairs of the state is a parliament. The parliament is allowed to scrutinize and to attack the government publicly. Also, in a parliamentary system, political parties guarantee an opposition that performs the watchdog functions of parliament and is conducted by the opposition parties. A perfect example of a parliament system of government is that of Great Britain. On the other hand, the presidential system of government upholds the principle of the separation of powers between the executive, legislature, and judiciary. Also, in a presidential system, the general audit function is the product of political competition between the legislature and the executive, especially in the formulation of the law. Both the presidential and parliamentary system of government has strict measures of checks and balances. Executives Capabilities of the executive branch in formulating public policy In Canada, the cabinet exercises one of the decisive roles in the political system. It is also regarded as the most powerful institution in Canada because I get support from the prime minister’s office and the together Privy Council office, and the treasury board. For example, a parliamentary government system might be a strong watchdog that will check against the executive’s excesses. For instance, in the United States, the president only exercises the executive powers through a presidential decree, which grants it leeway in making decisions. Congress is too strong that it can prevent the president from discharging its duties. Parliament has asserted itself as the dominant entity in checking against the misuse of power by the executive. The functions of the executive branch of government in the United States and Canada The Canadian executive is a mixture of the legislative process and the entire bureaucracy. This is as opposed to the US congress, which is an independent government body. Also, in the United States of America, an executive decision can not go unquestioned, unlike in Canada, where cabinet decision is final and often legitimate and can not be questioned. In discharging its duties, the president of America must first convince Congress; hence failure to do this may make Congress render his agenda ineffective. The united states of America have term limits, which are available to the prime minister of Canada. The USA’s massive resources provide the president with economic abilities that are not available to the prime minister of Canada. In Canada, the executive consists of the prime minister and the cabinet. The prime minister of Canada has the authority to appoint the Privy Council and the senate. It is also him who chose members of his cabinet without consulting any party. The prime minister can hire and fire any state officer. Members of parliament who oppose the prime minister will be faced with the responsibility of their nomination papers not being signed in the next federal election. Comparing the executive in Canada and the USA, the Canadian executive is more powerful. This is because there are minimal checks against Canada’s prime minister, and the prime minister can make a unilateral decision. This is opposed to the executive in the USA, where a strong congress checks their actions. Works Cited Guy, James. People, Politics and Government: A Canadian perspective. Scarborough: Pearson Education, 2001. Print.

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