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A Yellow Raft In Blue Water: An analysis

Opening in the present and progressively moving backward in time, A Yellow Raft in Blue Water takes place on a Native American reservation in Montana, by means of being equally divided into three spellbinding stories, each faded into one another and told by three women who shared it: the grandmother, Ida, the mother, Christine, and the daughter, Rayona. Not only is the book written upon the desperate plea for acceptance and independence, but it’s written upon the principle that people act upon their better judgments, based on their hardships and afflictions. This book conveys the generational gap that fixates itself in today’s society, causing the vicious cycle of quick judgments amongst families. In A Yellow Raft in Blue Water, Michael Dorris uses subjects and elements of maturation, discrimination, and intergenerational family conflicts as gestures that speak to young adult readers, via three-person narrations that bind and blend the opposing cultures to the ultimate subject of the significance of genuine acceptance. To get the full effect of why the misunderstandings take place among the family members and make clear the perspective and hardships of the moment, Dorris places the reader in three different storylines with three different narrators. Because he does this, we wind up making assumptions regarding a character by their actions, not their feelings concerning the situation and subsequently realise the reasons for that character’s actions afterwards. By composing the book in this fashion, giving us all three viewpoints as an alternative rather than only one, it allows us to identify with each character and perceive how incorrect assumptions can be. Each story occurs during a difficult time period: the 1980’s for Rayona, the 1960’s to the 1980’s for Christine and the 1940’s to the 1960’s for Ida. (Magill Book Reviews, 1). The book not only centres on women, but a constellation of attention-grabbing male characters also whirl around the women narrators. (Petrillo, 1). Some family members, some unrelated. In Rayona’s case, through being abandoned by her parents and ignored by Ida, she came to find a sense of trust, faith, and reliance in a new cleric for the Holy Martyrs Mission – Father Tom Novak. He enlists Rayona into the God Squad, and they spent a considerable amount of time together, given that Father Tom was the only individual on the reservation that Rayona could relate to. Rayona’s friendship had an infinitely unusual result, as it ended abruptly and awkwardly when Father Tom’s instigating “companionship” twisted and warped into obscene salaciousness. In chapter four, Father Tom embarrassingly cuts the uncomfortable connection off by stating to Rayona, “When we get back, we should forget this trip ever happened. It was a bad idea, something I should have foreseen. You need friends your own age. Some people might misunderstand if they see us together all the time.” (p. 61-62). Within Christine’s narrative, physically or emotionally staying in one place has on no account been her forte. Sifting through a chain of men on the reservation and parting with them years ago, Christine determined that she would settle on a single man. When she discovered that her dearly loved brother Lee was missing in action, she ventured to a bar where she first met Corporal Elgin A. Taylor. She turned to him as someone that she could be consoled and reassured through. In chapter ten, Elgin soothes Christine in the bar as Christine describes: “The material of his tan shirt was smooth against my check and I let him hold me while I listened to his heart. His hand smoothed my hair, found my neck. ‘It’s all right,’ Elgin said. ‘I know. I know.’ ‘I’m okay.’ I spoke into his chest. ‘I know.'” (p. 178). Dorris provides these details to give the reader a clear, full understanding of how Elgin tranquilizes her heart through her loss. Christine’s shaky, nervous spirit was calmed by Elgin, something she grew to be grateful for. Years passed, and while Elgin began to meander away from her and drift to other women, Christine’s temperament was not to stand still. (Kenney, 3). She turns to Dayton Nickels, Lee’s best friend, for shelter and support on account of Aunt Ida’s rejection. He makes her feel at home, becomes her boyfriend, and is with her until the end of the novel. Dorris writes this detail not to just state the detail thoughtlessly, but to accentuate the hopeful meaning that at least one of the women has a happy and stable relationship in times of frequent, failed hopes. Ida’s relationship with male characters is unlike Rayona and Christine’s. Ida herself raises Christine, the daughter of Ida’s aunt, Clara, who had an affair with Ida’s father. “When Ida’s Aunt Clara (her mother’s sister) became pregnant by Ida’s father, the family agreed to conceal the scandal by claiming that Id was the one who was pregnant.” (Bochynski, 1). Ida feared that Clara would want Christine back, and consequently, Ida had an inner ache that she felt would occur for the both of them if Christine was to depend on Ida’s motherly love. Later, Ida has a son with a World War II veteran named Willard Pretty Dog, and names the boy Lee. Willard is unknowing of this fact. It is only for that reason that Christine had believed that her mother had preferred Lee over her. Later in the novel, Father Hurlburt is introduced, the priest who becomes Ida’s most trusted and consistent companion. He knows the truth in it all, and is with her until the novel concludes. (Kenney, 2). Not only is the novel about the significance of the three narratives or the male characters that are involved with the characters, but the characters’ uncertainties and anxieties as a result of unrelenting discrimination and society’s quick judgments. The anxieties that the characters struggle with would almost certainly be disintegration with the public, where their places really are in the world, and disorientation by what authentic acceptance is via the intensification of the instability in their family life. The gritty and coarse relationship between Aunt Ida and Christine throughout Christine’s narrative was difficult to imagine that it could ever be sanded smooth. Dorris creates a heart aching and emotionally violent argument between the weak versus the bold in chapter fifteen by writing: “‘I never wanted you!’ Aunt Ida shouted at me. ‘I had no choice.’ A cry broke out from me, halfway between outrage and hurt. ‘You made that clear,’ I yelled back. ‘You don’t have to tell me.’ ‘You don’t know anything.’ With her free hand, she gripped the back of the chair, squeezed it in her grasp, then flung it aside, smashing it into the wall. She was more than I could take, more than I ever realized.” (p. 271). One of the most difficult things for Rayona to mentally manage is her racial mixture. Being a combination of American Indian and African American, she becomes very self-conscious of her bodily appearance. The author, in addition, writes in chapter sixteen that she was “the wrong color, had the wrong name, had the wrong family – all an accident.” (p. 276). Rayona’s narrative fine points her own opinion regarding how she inelegantly feels about herself in chapter one, saying, “Once, in a hardware store, I found each of our exact shades on a paint mix-tone chart. Mom was Almond Joy, Dad was Burnt Clay, and I was Maple Walnut.” (p. 9). With Aunt Ida, she keeps reserved fears inside that only she knows about. Being Christine’s half-sister and cousin, they share a father. She commits to disconnecting herself from others, sitting in her living room and watching daytime drama television to pass the time. She does this by reason of previously being manipulated and betrayed by the people that she put confidence in, and as a result, does not desire to be reliant to anyone for fear of being too emotionally involved. Ida contains a stillness shaped by uncertainty and misapprehension creates a standoffish fear inside her heart that only she can conceal, and she explains in the second paragraph of chapter seventeen by saying, “I’m a woman who’s lived for fifty-seven years and worn resentment like a medicine charm for forty. It hung heavier on my neck after each brief rest I took. I should have kept myself free from them all. If I were to live my life differently, I would start with the word No: first to him, my father; to Clara, then to Willard, before they left me; to Lee, to save his life. I was different with Christine, but it turned out no better.” (p. 297). Another trait that the characters burden themselves within the novel is intergenerational family conflicts. (Smith, 1). These conflicts arise from trying to sensitively fill a mental gap, dramatically misinterpreting each other’s actions as a result of not understanding one another’s past, and each character just attempting to battle the currents that drive their lives. The repeated symbol of braiding the stories together sculpts the novel into a concluding narrative of genuine acceptance. Christine makes the statement in chapter thirteen that, “Rayona gave me something to be, made me like other women with children. I was nobody’s regular daughter, nobody’s sister, usually nobody’s wife, but I was her mother full time.” (p. 222) Christine finally realizes at that moment that the gift of Rayona marks Christine’s identity as a mother at last providing her with a place to belong in her long-term emotion of misplacement. This excerpt doesn’t guarantee the reader that Christine will never have conflicts ever again with Rayona, but that she is in truth Rayona’s “mother full time” (p. 222), and that regardless the difference of opinion may be, it in no way can be big enough to sever their relationship. Whether its hidden identities, hushed and tormented feelings driven by abandonment, or the quiet hope for family unity, A Yellow Raft in Blue Water portrays family issues within the storyline and scales them to a larger resolution, pulling back the curtain and showing the reader the thoughts behind the brash, hurried actions. Doing this, Michael Dorris composes a beautiful and profoundly moving novel that opens the reader’s eyes and mentality to pacify the frantic prayer for true approval inside our society.
Walmart Manages Ethics and Compliance Challenges. I need an explanation for this Management question to help me study.

Read “Case Study 3: Walmart Manages Ethics and Compliance Challenges,” located on page 407 of the textbook. Then, research and read two or more articles related to Walmart and ethics.
Write a four to six (4-6) page paper in which you:

Examine the manner in which Walmart’s business philosophy has impacted its perception of being unethical towards supply and employee stakeholders. Provide one (1) example of Walmart in an unethical situation.
Determine the major effects that Walmart’s business philosophy has had on its human resource practices and policies.
Analyze two (2) of the legal mandates that workers and U.S. government has accused Walmart of violating. Provide an explanation as to why these legal mandates were violated, citing specific violations.
Evaluate the efficiency of the structure of the ethical decision making framework that Walmart has used in making its decisions. Provide a rationale for your response.
Recommend two (2) actions that Walmart’s Human Resources Department should take in order to improve the employees’ perspectives of Walmart’s human resources policies. Provide a rationale for your recommendations.
Go to to locate at least five (5) quality academic resources in this assignment. Note: Wikipedia and other similar Websites do not qualify as academic resources.
No Plagiarism
Textbook Information: Ferrell, O. C., Fraedrich, J., & Ferrell, L. (2017). Business ethics: Ethical decision making and cases (11th ed.). Stamford, CT: Cengage Learning.

Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements:

Be typed, double-spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; citations and references must follow APA or school-specific format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.
Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page and the reference page are not included in the required assignment page length.

Walmart Manages Ethics and Compliance Challenges

Key Facts About Madagascar Tourism Essay. Tourism can be a great development tool, stimulating economic growth, enhancing the economy, and contributing to poverty within almost all sectors of a society. In Madagascar, where poverty is common and where the poor put pressure on the natural resource base, tourism can generate positive externalities on the third party. First tourism creates places of economic growth in regions on the island that have no alternative sources of income and employment. Tourism helps to reduce poverty by diversifying income sources. Second, tourism, can help to preserve the environment, whether for ecotourism or for resort-based tourism, meaning that most of the products used are ecologically efficient. The current Madagascar tourism assets have great prospects however are not fully realized and developed. Tourism is complex and requires its own analysis, particularly as it is one of the largest in the world and rapidly consolidating into a few large players, moreover it becomes a sector of the economy that annually increases its role in the total economic section so to say. More needs to be done to build a dynamic partnership between business and tourism, in recognition of the fact that a sound business plan for tourism, an effective environmental plan, and a framework for social appreciation are mutually reinforcing and that absence of one may put the others into question. This is why it is important to balance the sectors and all factors that could have an effect on the country and its tourism prospects. 1.Key Facts About MadagascarMacintosh HD:Users:IrinaMalysh:Desktop:ma-map.gif Madagascar is located in southern Africa on a separate island in the Indian Ocean, next to Mozambique. The Coast line of Madagascar is relatively huge 4,828 km. the climate of Madagascar is tropical along the coast, temperate inland and arid in South. Madagascar is world’s fourth largest island with a strategic location along Mozambique Channel. [1] Source: The CIA, World fact book Madagascar, mapMadagascar has a magnificent range of biodiversity, nature and cultural resources to support tourism. However, out of the 200,000 visitors the island per year, only about 60,000 come expressly for tourism, the res are traveling for different other reasons but which can include some tourism activity. Madagascar has the potential to welcome many more tourists if the sector’s growth is well planned in a broad way – focusing on economic aspects, infrastructure and environmental and social concerns, particularly for community participation. Also we would like to mention some key facts that are influencing Travel and Tourism in Madagascar: 1.GDP: Direct contribution – The direct contribution of TravelKey Facts About Madagascar Tourism Essay
Knife crime, in Birmingham has been said to be at crisis point; in the West Midlands alone, knife crime has increased by approximately “85% since 2012” (West Midlands Police Violence Reduction, 2019). The West Midlands police is the second largest police force within England covering regions including, Birmingham, Coventry and Wolverhampton. Three Yards’ is the title of this project with its aims and objectives including; Aims: To develop a multi-agency approach, ensuring working with the appropriate partnerships. Begin developing an appropriate strategy for those involved in knife crime, including both victims and offenders. Objectives: To establish a carefully constructed initiative in the hope of reducing knife crime within the young male BME communities in disadvantaged areas in Birmingham. To protect those deemed vulnerable to knife crime within society. Whilst the Crime Survey for England and Wales reports a stability on overall crime within the UK, individual crime types which are “less frequently occurring but higher-harm types of violence” (Elkin, 2019) such as knife crime are increasing, with most of these offences occurring in London, the West Midlands and Greater Manchester. The House of Commons Library (2019) report on current knife crime in England and Wales, highlights that the extent of the problem is increasing: offences started to decline from the years 2010/11 until 2013/14 before rising again for the past five years. The extent of knife crime in Birmingham has been referred to by David Jamieson, the Police and Crime Commissioner (PCC) for the West Midlands as a state of “national emergency” (Parveen and Halliday, 2019). Parveen and Halliday (2019) reported that official data suggested violent crimes has increased “four times faster in Birmingham than in London” and between the months of April and September 2018, “Birmingham’s murder rate per capita was higher than London’s”. In 2018 alone an estimated “700 children in the West Midlands police area were victims of knife crime” (Cook, 2019), indicating that, Birmingham has hit an epidemic. Overall, knife crime in England and Wales has increased by 42% since the year 2010/11 (House of Commons Library, 2019). It has been estimated in a BBC London’s knife crime hotspots revealed report (2019) that to every 10,000 people in Birmingham there are 15.1 knife crimes committed, showing a 1.4 growth between 2016 and 2018. Since the beginning of 2019, Birmingham has seen 269 stabbings; the most media focused stabbings were of three teenage males stabbed to death in Birmingham suburbs within days of each other. Eades et al., (2007) reports that young people- most likely young males, those living in disadvantaged areas, and identify as a member of black and minority ethnic communities – are affected by knife crime at a larger degree. It is argued that the BME communities are largely “disproportionately concentrated in deprived areas” (Eades et al., 2007) meaning this particular community is more at risk of becoming a victim to knife crime: as an offender or victim of the crime itself. Many police professionals believe that the rise in knife crime results from the cuts and underfunding of the police force across the nation; Chief constable- Francis Habgood, stated: “its common sense that a reduction in the number of police officers was linked to knife crime” (, 2019). An issue that the initiative may face, is the lack of resources available to the stakeholders, due to government cuts on the public sector. The UK is seeing moral panic around the issue of knife crime. An issue that may further the problem is fear amongst young people: fear of gangs and crime itself, as they lean on knife use to keep them safe. Previously, knife crime was commonly associated with gang-related issues; however, it is now estimated that “75% of those caught have no connection to gangs” (Ashmall, 2016). Although this is still a prominent issue in major cities, it is not the biggest cause of the increase in knife crime, essentially making it harder for police forces to know who to tackle. Social media also has a part to play. Simeon Moore, an ex-Birmingham gang member of the famous Johnson Crew gang, and police chief Cressida Dick have both highlighted the importance social media can have leading up to fatal events. Labhart, (2019) drew on Simeon Moore’s opinion that “before, things could take a few days or even weeks to happen, now social media helps it [knife crime] spread, it facilitates it.” Whilst Cressida shares the opinion, that social media “revs’ people up” (, 2019). To reduce moral panic appropriate solutions must be identified; the government and society need to bring the issue into appropriate perspective. Strategies must include partnerships outside of government legislation and the police force for proper implementation to begin and have an effect. Whilst the Crime Survey for England and Wales provides a clearer indication of overall trends in violent crimes – allowing for good measures of more common but less harmful offences, police recorded crime offers a better measure of more harmful but less common offences. Such offences are not well-measured by the survey because of their rather low volume. Therefore, although the Crime Survey for England and Wales is generally the most reliable indicator of crime levels as is takes on a left realist approach, discovering real experiences through victims, police recorded crime is a more valuable source for measuring such trends regards such crimes. The responsibility for knife crime being a complex societal deep-rooted issue cannot fall solely on one agency. Therefore, the challenges within developing and delivering an initiative can be difficult and cannot be engaged and implemented through one force of authority. Multi-agency policing methodology to tackling crime is now “strongly embedded” (Berry, Briggs, Erol

The Russian Working Class Movement Term Paper

Table of Contents Introduction Evolution of Early Workers’ Organizations Performance of Industries in Russia The Russian Working Class and Reforms Reasons for the Workers’ Revolt The State of Workers During and After World War One Workers during the Post-War Period Conclusion Works Cited Introduction The innovations that took place in Europe and America in the eighteenth century led to industrial revolutions. The developments, which were characterized by intense changes in socioeconomic and political areas of the societies, occurred in agriculture and industry. An example is the emergence of urban industrial economies that eventually spread to other regions of the world. The profound changes replaced work carried out in homes (cottage industry) with power-operated machines in factories. This change was what was referred to as the workers’ industrial revolution. The transformation altered the way people lived and worked. This paper looks at the Russian working class movement as part of the notable occurrences that took place in the Russian history. Evolution of Early Workers’ Organizations In most parts of the world, the majority of the people were farmers who lived in rural villages. The industrial revolution was preceded by feudalism in Europe. Feudalism was characterized by nobles who controlled the land that was tilled by peasants. Agricultural produce from the land was essentially for domestic use. Activities such as pottery, iron working and weaving among others were regarded as home economies, which were carried out together with agriculture. However, in 1100, there was the emergence of merchant guilds. These guilds were workers’ organizations that attempted to protect businesses, markets and workers as well as to regulate the prices of commodities. The associations covered numerous occupations that ranged from carpentry to weaving and masonry. Individuals who owned shops and tools were considered the masters of particular guilds. These masters employed unskilled people and trained them to become masters through apprenticeship. During the apprenticeship period, an apprentice did not receive any payment. Apprentices who successfully completed this stage graduated to become journeymen and continued to work under their masters. However, at that point, they received some form of compensation for their efforts. The journeymen eventually graduated to become masters after submitting masterpieces to their masters for approval. Those who succeeded were allowed to set up their shops. During the medieval period, Europe was characterized by the emergence of the middle class, which comprised bankers, artisans and merchants. Their livelihood ceased to rely upon land production. Later on, due to the changes in the industrial revolution, the middle class expanded to include clerks, managers and teachers as well as owners of factories, railroads and mines (Mathias 49). The wealth of the middle class continued to increase with the growth of industrialization. The working class, on the other hand, also increased in number but could not access the luxury enjoyed by the middle class. The working conditions deteriorated, and managers assigned them more work that was carried out during the day (Koval’chenko 88). Members of the working class spent ten to fourteen hours a day toiling in rooms filled with dust and lint. The rooms were unventilated, which exposed them to diseases such as pneumonia and tuberculosis thereby leading to the death of many workers. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Individuals who worked in the mines were not spared the poor working conditions. They inhaled coal dust in addition to being injured by heavy machinery. Their wages were low and could not meet their needs, which made their lives difficult. The wages earned by men was twofold that earned by women. Children, on the other hand, earned less than what was paid to women. Therefore, the entire families of the working class were required to work to make a living (Goldman 180). The growth and expansion of industrialization witnessed a continued decline in the conditions of the workers, which led to the emergence of working class organizations. The organizations included political parties, cooperative societies, trade unions, labor unions, and other organizations that promoted cultural and leisure activities. These organizations began to agitate for the welfare of the workers. As much as the Russian government tried to address workers’ pleas, the working conditions continued to deteriorate thereby prompting them to form labor groups that campaigned for their welfare in the late nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Performance of Industries in Russia In 1871, the textile industry produced about 54.8 percent of broadcloth and wool. It also recorded about 96.3 percent production of cotton thread and yarn (Gregory and Sailors 861). The increased rates of production were attributed to the introduction of machines and the factory systems. In addition, industries dealing with metalwork registered an 86.3 percent increase in their output. Production in the sugar industry also increased. Other industries that performed well shifted to the use of machines in the late 1870s to 1880s. Nevertheless, labor-intensive work continued to stand out in furnishing and tanning industries. The period between 1860 and 1870 witnessed the construction of more than twenty thousand kilometers of railroad that formed the railroad network (Metzer 529). Another outstanding characteristic in the course of the industrial revolution in Russia was the advancement of several industries that dealt with the building of machines (Zasulich 13). The Russian Working Class and Reforms There were countless agitations by workers for reforms in Russia during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. Russian workers believed that their lives could not change unless they assumed the control of the resources passed from the ruling elite to the masses. Alexander II initiated reorganizations in the 1860s with the intention of accelerating alterations in the Russian financial system. These reforms aimed at emancipating the serfs from the control of the harsh landowners who mistreated them. He believed that the serfs would be able to access work elsewhere (mobile labor force) in other industries where they were needed. The freedom was also meant to expose the peasants to farming methods that were more efficient and productive (Gregory and Sailors 838). We will write a custom Term Paper on The Russian Working Class Movement specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In Russia, the domination of servitude was characterized by the presence of stable employment. However, the group could not be referred as the proletariat since most of the workers were not free (Zasulich 12). When serfdom was abolished, those permanent employees were transformed into proletarians. Following the peasant transformation in the year 1861, the working class increased at a very alarming rate. The proletarian group incorporated small-scale farmers who had inadequate land as well as employees working in the manufacturing sector during the serfdom era. The process of peasant transformation continued until the late 1880s when the proletariat class was completely formed. The industrial workers, who were an emerging class, formed the majority of the permanent wageworkers. Between the late 1880s and early 1890s, there was a tremendous increase in the number of stable wage laborers in European Russia. However, the number was higher in areas that had more developed industries. For example, St. Petersburg had about 89.2 percent of permanent wageworkers, whereas Moscow had approximately 80.2 percent. The period 1861 witnessed the emergence of a peasant class, the proto-capitalists known as the Kulak. The Kulak grew in power and wealth to the extent of owning the means of production such as livestock and machinery. They hired peasants as laborers and even owned tracts of land. However, the Alexander reforms began to exclude peasants from the control of the Kulaks. Initially, the Kulaks derived excess profits from the peasants’ labor by selling farm products at exorbitant prices while paying meager wages to the peasants. The much-anticipated reforms by the peasants were not forthcoming. In addition, the Russian government did not derive economic development from the new reforms. Therefore, in the 1870s, the government started to invest in infrastructural programs such as construction of the railway. The construction of the Trans-Siberian railway began under Sergei Witte, who was a mathematician mandated by the government to oversee the construction and planning of the railway (Metzer 530). The railway made enormous contributions to the transport sector by opening up the remote areas of Russia and facilitating the construction of more industries. The railway also provided access to more resources such as mines and dams. As a result, the industrial economy continued to progress rapidly unlike in the previous period. However, the growth of industries and the economic transformation brought more harm than good to the landless peasants and the working class who flocked into the cities in search of employment. For example, from 1890 to1900, St. Petersburg recorded an enormous increase in population. Not sure if you can write a paper on The Russian Working Class Movement by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The main challenge at the time was the lack of employment. In the industrial units, the people were forced to work for lengthy periods doing boring and risky tasks. The increase in population in urban towns was not at par with the increase in housing facilities. Most employers, therefore, decided to accommodate their workers in poorly constructed houses that were unhygienic and had poor heating. The conditions in the factories and homes of the laborers exposed them to revolutionary ideas that led to the formation of a social class movement. Reasons for the Workers’ Revolt Poverty was one of the main challenges that the peasants faced. By 1916, nearly three-quarters of the people in Russia were peasants who practiced agriculture in small villages. In addition, they were required to pay a fraction of their profits to the government, which left most of them indebted to the authorities. Members of many families left their homes in search of better work opportunities in the factories. Attempts to control the peasants were widely rejected by most of the peasants who wished to have autonomy over their means of production. By the 1890s, the Russian industrialization was largely characterized by an increase in ironworkers, factories and other aspects of an industrial society (Kahan 466). Many people, especially the peasants, moved into cities to look for greener pastures to improve the quality of their lives. In the early twentieth century, cities like Moscow were congested with people. Life in these cities was characterized by poor housing, bad wages and inhumane treatment at the workplaces. The urban workforce, having retained land in the village, maintained links with the peasants. Therefore, new socialist movements developed due to the extensive oppression. The movements spread from one city to another and mobilized other workers to join them under socialism. The Tsarist regime lacked true representative bodies that could agitate for the freedom of workers. There was limited freedom of expression and elected bodies such as the Duma were ignored by the Tsar (Hemenway 190). Newspapers and books were censored, and secret police suppressed any socialist movements by executing or sending their leaders to exile in Siberia (Hemenway, 191). Tsar’s regime was also tyrannical, which formed the basis of dissatisfaction that initiated the revolution. Another cause of the revolt against the Russian government was the mistreatment of military officers. The Russian military recruited a large number of soldiers who were treated inhumanely. The level of mistreatment of the soldiers surpassed the maltreatment of the common citizens. Therefore, the soldiers began to advocate dignity and better living conditions. For example, the professional class of officers tried to engage Tsar’s government to provide them with better housing without success. As the war took a new dimension, the army continued to languish in isolation and neglect from Duma itself. However, the influence of the Bolsheviks in 1917 seemed to offer these essential provisions to the military officers. During the 1890s, there was a growing population of the peasants who formed part of the civil society. This group of people was educated and knowledgeable in politics. They took their children to schools and encouraged them to work for the community as opposed to the existing regime. The young enlightened generation began to politicize most of the events that took place in Russia. For example, the severe famine that occurred in the early 1890s was blamed purely on the ineffectiveness of Tsar’s government. In addition, it was alleged that the rulers lacked knowledge about the welfare of the peasants because most of the peasants did not have contact with the working class. Therefore, they decided to call upon the unity of all workers and demanded that the Tsarist regime provides a solution to most of their problems. When he failed to meet their demands, many of them joined the socialist movement and turned against the government in 1917 (Fitz 64). The State of Workers During and After World War One Industries remained in a dormant state in the period between 1905 and 1917. The state of dormancy was an indicator of unpreparedness for the First World War by the Russian government. In addition, the Russians did not have efficient ammunitions and good means of transportation. Despite the unpreparedness, many workers were conscripted into the army directly from the factories. However, during the war, the workers left the battlefield and went back home to fight against the landowners to secure some wealth for themselves. The Russian soldiers were demoralized due to the lack of proper ammunition. They were further disheartened by the loss of Poland in 1915, which acted as Russia’s industrial and transportation base (Butt 128). Furthermore, the abdication of Nicholas II following the 1917 revolution slowed down economic growth and industrialization. In addition, the year 1917 witnessed an organized revolt from workers particularly women, wives and mothers who agitated for reforms in politics, food and fuel. Tsar decided to send the military and police to calm the rioters, but instead another sixty thousand Petrograd troops joined the demonstrators (Fitz 66). Two opposing powers emerged immediately after the defeat of the Tsar regime. The provisional government, which was headed by Kerensky, consisted of the Duma leaders (Fitz 69). The Soviet committee, which was appointed by rebel fighters and employees, formed the other faction. A new system of governance initiated new rules such as the liberation of political prisoners as well as the protection of the civilians. On the other hand, Leon Trotsky claimed to be a leader in the government. He even went as far as negotiating for social reforms with the German government on behalf of his country. The Bolsheviks, who formed the majority of socialist movements, deposed the provisional government under the leadership of Vladimir or Lenin (Carr 75). However, the Bolsheviks were divided given that the radical group favored active revolutionaries while the conservative faction preferred socialist revolution. Furthermore, the Mensheviks agitated for socialism. The Bolsheviks adopted the Marxist ideology through the organization of industrial workers who needed leadership for the revolt (Marx, 20). Immediately, Lenin called for an end to the war against Germany while agitating for better living conditions and distribution of land to the peasants (Carr 79). Eventually, Lenin obtained power and focused on the welfare of the peasants. Other changes included giving of factories to workers and nationalizing of banks (Catephones 30). Workers during the Post-War Period Russia’s post-civil war period was in a state of ‘war communism.’ The Bolsheviks tried to introduce measures to prevent the collapse of the economy (Fitz 66). These rules included privatization of consumer goods, abolition of money and introduction of the military to all production facilities. These rules led to a reduction in the number of Bolsheviks employed in industries. Consequently, the output of the industries reduced tremendously. All these changes culminated with the famine of 1921 that saw the loss of more than five million lives. The dissatisfaction among metropolitan employees developed against the Bolshevik rule. Protests and strikes began in 1920 although they were short-lived because they were crushed by the government (Jonathan and Leonid 215). Due to the growing agitation, another development plan was adopted by the Bolsheviks. It aimed at enriching peasants in order to increase taxes to the government. This agricultural recovery tactic proved successful due to an increase in the 1924 harvest. However, the peasants produced only what was enough for their consumption and their livestock, which created shortages in the cities. Conclusion The regime of Lenin was preceded by the dictatorship of Joseph Stalin as the USSR leader. His plan for 1927 was to improve the state of industrialization. In 1928, he began with acquiring grains from the Urals and Siberia (Carr 90). By 1929, complete collectivization was already in place and farmers worked as peasants on collective farms owned by the state. Nevertheless, many farmers resisted Stalin’s plan by slaughtering their animals and destroying their agricultural produce. Stalin was angered by the move and retaliated by launching an attack against the peasants. About 1.5 million peasants were forced out of their land, and their property was destroyed. Most of them were exiled into mediocre provinces found in the northeastern regions of the Soviet. They worked using poor farm tools and lacked government sponsorship. Therefore, they could not produce adequate food. As a result, about five million lives were lost due to famine. While these events happened, the Bolsheviks reserves were full of grains, which were sold in other areas of the country. Some of it was amassed in preparation for war. From this period onwards, there was no more resistance against the Soviet government. Additionally, the government was forced to distribute land to the peasant families. Works Cited Butt, V.P. The Russian Civil War; Documents from the Soviet Archives. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1966. Print. Carr, Edward Halett. The Russian Revolution from Lenin to Stalin, 1917-1929. Basingstoke: Palgrave, 1979. Print. Catephones, George. An Introduction to Marxist Economics. Houndmills and London: The Macmillan Press Limited, 1989. Print. Fitz, Patrick. The Russian Revolution 1917-1932. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1982. Print. Gregory, Paul and Joel Sailors. 1976. “Russian Monetary Policy and Industrialization, 1861-1913,” Journal of Economic History 36.4(1976): 836-851. Print. Goldman, W. Women, the State and Revolution: Soviet Family Policy and Social Life, 1917-1936. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993. Print. Hemenway, Elizabeth Jones. “Nicholas in Hell: Rewriting the Tsarist Narrative in the Revolutionary Skazki of 1917.” The Russian Review 60.2.( 2001): 185-204. Print. Jonathan Dally and Leonid Trofimov. Russia in War and Revolution, 1914-1922. Cambridge: Hackett Publishing, 2009. Print. Kahan, Arcadius. “Government Policies and the Industrialisation of Russia,” Journal of Economic History 27.4.(1967): 460-477. Print. Koval’chenko, I. D. “Zavershenie promyshlennogo perevorota: Formirovanie proletariata i burzhuazii.” Ocherki istorii SSSR, 1861–1904. Eds. S S Dmitriev and Valeriĭ Ivanovich Bovykin. Moscow: Gos. uchebno-pedagog. izd-vo, 1960. 86–90. Print. Metzer, Jacob. “Railroad Development and Market Integration: The Case of Tsarist Russia.” Journal of Economic History 34.3(1974): 529-550. Print. Marx, Karl. Wage Labour and Capital. Moscow: Progress Publishers, 1952. Print. Mathias Peter. The First Industrial Nation: An Economic History of Britain, 1700-1914. 2nd ed.1983. New York: Routledge. Print. Zasulich, Vera. “The Working Class Movement in Russia.” Justice 1st May 1897:12-13. Print.

Data Science and Big Data Analytics Bitcoin Economics Research Paper

assignment helper Data Science and Big Data Analytics Bitcoin Economics Research Paper.

For this week’s research paper, you need to search the Internet and explain why some businesses are accepting and other businesses are rejecting the use of Bitcoins as a standard form of currency. Your paper needs to identify two major companies that have adopted Bitcoin technology.Requirements: Your paper should meet the following requirements:• Be approximately 3-5 pages in length, not including the required cover page and reference page.• Follow APA guidelines. No plagiarism. Your paper should include an introduction, a body with fully developed content, and a conclusion.• Support your response with the readings from the course and at least five peer-reviewed articles or scholarly journals to support your positions, claims, and observations. • Be clear with well-written, concise, using excellent grammar and style techniques. You are being graded in part on the quality of your writing.References:PAVLUS, J. (2018). The World Bitcoin Created. Scientific American, 318(1), 32–37. Retrieved from
Data Science and Big Data Analytics Bitcoin Economics Research Paper

GCCCD What Are Dehydration Condensation Reactions Questions

GCCCD What Are Dehydration Condensation Reactions Questions.

Answer the following using your textbook and lecture slides. Text book chapter 2 section 2.3 not including proteins and nucleic acids. Term Definition macromolecule carbohydrate lipid protein enzyme dehydration amino acid polypeptide nucleic acid nucelotide 1. What are dehydration/condensation reactions? And hydrolysis reaction? (lecture slides) 2. When is each of the above reactions used? (lecture slides) 3. What are the basic characteristics of carbohydrates? 4. Complete the following chart on the types of carbohydrates Type of Carbohydrate Definition Example monosaccharide disaccharide polysaccharide 5. Complete the chart on the types of disaccharides Disaccharide Name Monomers/ building blocks Where can it be found Lactose Maltose Sucrose 6. Complete the chart on types of polysaccharides . Polysaccharide Name Description Where can be found 7. What are general functions of lipids? 8. Complete the following chart on the types of lipids Type of lipid Definition/ function / components Example(s) Triglyceride Phospholipids Steroids and waxes 9. Complete the following chart on saturated and unsaturated fats. (lecture slides and text) Saturated Unsaturated Type of bonds in the Hydrogens tightly packed (Y/N) Liquid or solid at room temperature Good or bad in diet
GCCCD What Are Dehydration Condensation Reactions Questions

Answers the questions for Components of a Virtual Team? MGT4620 Teams & Technology

Answers the questions for Components of a Virtual Team? MGT4620 Teams & Technology. Need help with my Management question – I’m studying for my class.

Components of a Virtual Team
What are the components of a team? What are the components of a virtual team? Do all teams perform the same functions? In reality, there are many types of teams in today’s business world; but what are their similarities? Can you think of some examples? PRAPRE ONE-PAGE
Please read the attached article titled: Managing a Remote Workforce: Proven Practices from Successful Leaders.

Prepare a two-page summary of this article. The first page of the article summary should contain a summary of the article itself, and the second page should contain your personal opinions and experiences regarding the issues raised in the article.


Choose 4-5 Components of a Virtual team that you find most important and write about these components. Prepare a two-page summary.

Answers the questions for Components of a Virtual Team? MGT4620 Teams & Technology