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Of Francesco Redi Essay, Research Paper

A Study of the Life and Accomplishments of Francesco Redi

Francesco Redi was born on February 19, 1626 in Arezzo, Italy. He died on

March 1, 1697 in Pisa, Italy. His male parent was Gregorio Redi a celebrated Florentine

doctor who worked at the Medici tribunal. His female parent & # 8217 ; s name was Cecilia de & # 8217 ; Ghinci.

Redi was the eldest of nine brothers. He graduated in doctrine and medical specialty from the

University of Pisa on May 1st 1647. On April 26, 1648 he registered at the Collegio

Medico in Florence, and was the caput doctor and overseer. He was besides a

Member of the little Accademia del Cimento which was in activity from 1657-

1667. ( World Book Deluxe )

Redi & # 8217 ; s first find was when & # 8220 ; Contrary to predominating belief, Redi held that serpent venom was wholly unrelated to it & # 8217 ; s gall. It was instead the xanthous wit produced by & # 8216 ; two secretory organs, which I have found in all vipers. & # 8217 ; The wit stagnates in the & # 8216 ; two sheaths in which the viper bares it & # 8217 ; s Fangs and work stoppages, it is of necessity spurted on the wound. & # 8217 ; & # 8221 ; Redi discovered that sucking on the tissues that had been injected with the venom would non do anyone ill ; with this find, Redi concluded that in order for the toxicant to be effectual it had to come in the blood stream straight. He besides discovered that in snake-bite victims that & # 8220 ; A tight ligature non far above the lesion so the toxicant is non carried to the bosom by the round motion of the blood, and all the blood infected. & # 8221 ; ( Gillespie 341 )

Redi was possibly the first toxicologist ; he performed infinite experiments with the effects of the snakebite. He would, poison other animate beings with the venom taken from life, and dead serpents. He would scatter liquid or powdered venom on the lesions, or puncture the animate being with a crisp piece of broom handle covered in the toxicant. He was seeking to happen out what mechanical reaction, killed the animate being, nevertheless he was unsuccessful in his efforts to detect what killed them. ( Gillespie 341 )

Redi & # 8217 ; s chef-d’oeuvre is considered to be Esperienze Intorno Alla Generazione Degli Insetti ( 1668 ) , in which he disproved the philosophy of self-generated coevals. & # 8220 ; Even if decaying animate beings or workss appeared to & # 8216 ; give birth to an eternity of worms ( larvae ) , & # 8217 ; which in world was rather different, he held. It must be assumed & # 8216 ; that flesh and workss and other things whether putrefied or putrifiable ply no other portion, or have any other map in the coevals of insects, than to fix a suited topographic point or nest into which, at the clip of reproduction the worms, or eggs, or other seed of worms are brought and hatched by the animate beings ; and in this nest the worms, every bit shortly as they are born, happen sufficient nutrient on which to nurture themselves excellently. & # 8217 ; These organic organic structures & # 8216 ; ne’er become verminous if they are kept in a topographic point where flies and gnats can non enter. & # 8217 ; ( Gillespie 341 )

In the 17th century people believed that animals such as mice were formed by abiogen

esis, or spontaneously. For illustration, a 17th century formula for the self-generated production of mice required puting sweaty underwear and chaffs of wheat in an open-mouthed jar, so waiting for about 21 yearss, during which clip it was alleged that the perspiration from the underclothes would perforate the chaffs of wheat, altering them into mice. ( accessexcellence.org ) Redi proved this incorrect in experiments by covering some jars that contained meat and cheese with a all right gauze, and left others exposed. He found that in the jars that were uncovered, flies and maggots appeared in a few yearss, while in the jars that were covered, eggs were laid on top, but no flies or maggots were found in the meat or cheese. “This method, which has remained the method of experimental biological science of all time since, consists in reiterating the same experiments in different ways, modifying merely one parametric quantity at a clip, and transporting out suited tests.” ( Galileo.html )

Some of the events happening in the universe at this clip include, the

Inquisition forces Galileo to abjure his belief in Copernican theory. ( 1633 ) The

Taj Mahal was completed. ( 1643 ) The terminal of Ming Dynasty in China. ( 1644 ) End

of the Thirty Years & # 8217 ; War. ( 1648 ) Great Plague in London kills 75,000. ( 1665 )

Great Fire of London. ( 1666 ) Pennsylvania founded by William Penn. ( 1682 )

William III of England lickings former male monarch James II and Irish Rebels at Battle of

the Boyne in Ireland. ( 1690 ) ( Infoplease.com )

Francesco Redi stressed the importance of medical specialty based on Hippocratic

rules, and he emphasized the importance of bar based on a balanced

diet and the usage of entirely natural redresss. ( Galileo.html ) He was besides really

acquainted with his female parent lingua, Italian, and knew many rare and disused

footings. His cognition was a great aid in his work. He besides invented his ain

version of the eyeglassess. ( Gillespie 341 )

Francesco & # 8217 ; s organic structure was brought to Arezzo and buried in the Church of San

Fancesco. At the beginning of the nineteenth century his organic structure was moved to the

Cathedral, where merely a flop now remains in the right wall. His faith and

doctrine was of the Catholic religion, his faith helped him to invent the

experiments that he made in order to confute self-generated coevals and

accredit the Bible. He gave many parts to scientific discipline and helped pave the

manner for modern scientific discipline work. Francesco Redi spent a life-time rectifying a myth

that otherwise, we might still believe today. His influences are still with us today,

because of him, we have a standard manner of inventing experiments, cognition of

how to do compression bandages, and we besides have a whole field of toxicology that helps

us today. Because of Francesco Redi, our cognition and medical specialty are better off

today so they would hold been had he non made his experiments.

Design Essay

Design Essay.

You have to construct your own essay topic. Choose something to discuss; this should NOT be too broad a theme (e.g. NOT ‘town planning’ or ‘ornament’) but a more specific, personal elaboration/reflection on a theme from the lectures or the seminar readings. A good idea is to choose something that puzzled you in the first place; something you want to understand better or to resolve. See lectures’ outlines and descriptions and PDFs to get some ideas about possible starting points. Choose some works/examples through which to discuss that idea/theory. They can be from the lectures or related to the lectures’ themes. They can be buildings, but also works of town planning, drawings, manifestos, theories or any other related works. Find relevant readings, which will aid you in your study and discussion, read them and quote them where appropriate.

Length: 3000 words 

Rules and guidelines

— You should introduce your main points/arguments right from the beginning and then proceed to analyze them throughout the essay. Do NOT wait until the conclusion to discuss them.

— The argument should provide the thread in your essay. Works/examples have to be discussed with respect to the ideas you are tackling, not introduced generally. Discuss structure with your seminar tutor.

— If you are referring to buildings in London or nearby, take the opportunity to visit them. Experiencing architecture directly can help you in writing.

— Avoid generalizations and clichés. Make sure you question your statements. Statements such as ‘History repeats itself’ or ‘since man first walked on the earth he created architecture’ are not only clichés, but also probably wrong (e.g. architecture appeared millions of years after the first humans), so avoid using ready-mades as such.

— Avoid ‘uncritical celebration’; i.e. avoid words such as ‘great’, ‘amazing’, ‘beautiful’, ‘masterpiece’, etc., which are vague and fail to communicate what is important about the work. Your admiration for buildings and ideas should be communicated through accurate and specific information and by the depth of your research.

— Be precise with names, dates and historical styles.

— Avoid filling space with irrelevant information; e.g. biographical information about architects that is unrelated to the topic, awards that a work/an architect has received, or whether a work/site is declared a UNESCO heritage site, etc.—these do NOT inform a critical study and will be seen as ‘padding’. 

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