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A Study About Holistic Care Nursing Essay

Share this: Facebook Twitter Reddit LinkedIn WhatsApp Holistic care refers to addressing all aspects of the person including body, mind, and spirit . A holistic approach links mainstream medical treatments with both traditional and emotional health. Holistic medicine is a part of health care which maintains a cooperative relationship among all those involved, which leads to optimal satisfaction of the physical, mental, emotional, social and spiritual aspects of health. It highlights the necessity to view the person as a whole and that includes analysis of physical, nutritional, environmental, emotional, social, spiritual and lifestyle values. Holistic therapies also referred to as complimentary therapies have been long-standing practices in nursing and act as an appendage to traditional medical and nursing therapies. They include massage theraphy, nutritional therapy and hydrotherapy. Nurses have combined touch care, as well as Reiki, a mix of both energy work and touch, into practice. Concern for providing more effective pain and chronic disease management has led many health care institutions to offer nutritional therapy, yoga,meditation, spiritual learning and mind-body programs for disease management. Nurses are working alongside a hierarchy of providers from medical specialists, massage therapists, acupuncturists and behavioral psychologists. Holistic nursing is a way of thinking, reflecting, practicing, and being as a whole human being. Holistic nursing care practice requires nurses to integrate self-care, self-responsibility, spirituality, and emotional wellbeing. This may resut in greater awareness of the inter-connectivity with self, family
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t=year                               2004              2008               2010G=GDP                             11.87            14.37              14.66(trillions of dollars)(c) What is the average yearly rate of change in G from 2008 to 2010? (Round your answer to two decimal places.)     $_______________ trillion(d) Use your answer from part (c) to predict the gross domestic product in the year 2011. (Round your answer to two decimal places.)  $_________________trillion 
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3 reflective Journal.

I’m working on a history discussion question and need guidance to help me understand better.

Each journal entry is 300 words min. First reflective journal (Unit 7): What economic, social, institutional, or environmental factors most shape the growth of the urban West after World War II? LINKS FOR UNIT 7: – Cadillac Desert 102 An American Nile – YouTube -Carl Abbott, “The Metropolitan West since 1940″File -Carl Abbott, “Reshaping the Metropolis”FileSecond Journal (Unit 2): Both Elliott West (Chapter 6) and Anne Hyde write about the character of western communities in the long period when various empires, European and indigenous, competed for control over large portions of the American West up to the early 1800s. LINKS FOR UNIT 2: -The Colonial West -Anne Hyde, “Re-reading the Early West”FileThird Journal (Unit 9): From those readings, what do you find to be the most significant or compelling explanation of the character of the West during this era from each of these authors? What specific examples from each do you think best illustrate their main points? LINKS:Resources, Readings & LecturesChoose ONE of the following books:James Welch, Fools Crow (1986)Teresa Jordan, Riding the White Horse Home: A Western Family Album (1993)Ivan Doig, This House of Sky: Landscapes of a Western Mind (1978)Terry Tempest Williams, Refuge: An Unnatural History of Family and Place (1991)
3 reflective Journal

Ethical Dilemma in a Multinational Enterprise

Ethical Dilemma in a Multinational Enterprise. Need help with my Management question – I’m studying for my class.

Earlier in the course we discussed that all business is local. Now we are learning that it seems all ethical standards are local. Yet multinational enterprises (MNE) must still operate in these countries. Choose an ethical dilemma encountered by a new MNE in a foreign country (for example, child labor, women’s rights or environmental issues, etc.).
As a human resource professional, how would you advise the company to operate in a country with different ethical standards? What strategies or guidelines would you propose they consider to remain consistent with U.S. law but still operate in other countries that may have a lower ethical standard?
300 words
Ethical Dilemma in a Multinational Enterprise

The Genocide of East Timor Essay

assignment writer Introduction While analysing genocide in East Timor, it is necessary to consider some fundamentals concerning the issue of discussion. First of all, it should be pointed out that genocide is recognised to be one of the most terrible crimes a government can commit in relation to its people. As far as genocide was proclaimed an international crime, the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide (UHCG) was established. Generally, there is a wide range of definitions genocide involves. Social definitions are of particular importance, as they reveal the type of government a country is controlled by. Thus, on the one hand, genocide can be regarded as government’s intentions to commit crime against its citizens on the basis of their group membership. On the other hand, genocide can be regarded as government’s intentions to abolish population on the basis of any reasons. One is to keep in mind that genocide is mostly associated with certain internal disruptions, war, etc.; so, one can conclude that if government is in danger, democide commitment provides excuse for the worst moral crime1. East Timor’s genocidal grounds Some of the historians are of the opinion that genocidal grounds were basically pre-planned. In the 17th century, the territory of East Timor was colonised by the Portuguese; in times of the Second World War, there were the Japanese, who controlled the territory. In the early seventies, the Portuguese decided to reestablish their control over the country, and the Revolutionary Front of Independent East Timor (Fretilin) took a decision to form an independent community. In the mid of the seventies, Fretilin political force got the majority of voices in the local elections; so, the Indonesian government started its military actions and soon declared East Timor’s annexation2. Keeping in mind a brief overview, one can probably conclude that the Indonesian government’s intentions to murder East Timor’s population involved political reasons; although a deep analysis of further actions the Indonesians followed give us an opportunity to suppose that both social definitions of genocide can be applied to the current case study. The Convention for the Prevention and Punishment of Genocide (CPPCG) and its relation to the case study According to the CPPCG, genocide is considered to be any act, which main purpose is to destroy certain groups. Such events in the case study as a) killing representatives of a national group (the population of East Timor), b) causing bodily and mental harm to representatives of a national group, c) “deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life calculated to bring about its physical destruction in whole or in part”3, d) imposing certain procedures to stop births within a national group (gendercidal massacres of men), and e) transferring children to another groups can be all applied to genocide according to the Convention. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More A critical overview of the Article II of the CPPCG Some alternative definitions, however, cannot be neglected too. Thus, taking into account the acts of genocide the Convention includes, it becomes evident that the acts can be divided into two major groups. The points of the Convention from a) to c) belong to the so-called physical genocide. As far as Timorese population experienced starvation and suffered a severe lack of any medical services, one can state that the kind of genocide goes beyond descriptions that are pointed out in the CPPCG. Therefore, killing representatives of a certain national group can be regarded whether as a simplified definition or as a definition that cannot fit for genocide atrocities, which occurred in East Timor. In other words, the Article II of The Convention for the Prevention and Punishment of Genocide involves some general definitions of one of the worst moral crimes a government commits against humanity. The points of the Convention from d) to e) belong to the biological genocide. So, preventing births seems to be an exhaustive definition; although the original Convention contained no data on violence targeting women4. Gendercide in East Timor, in its turn, covered horrible spectacles with the execution of females. In our days, the execution of women is recognized to be one of the legal definitions of genocide. Other acts not covered by The Convention for the Prevention and Punishment of Genocide involve cultural genocide and political genocide. Lawrence Davidson is of the opinion that when people are unfamiliar with the culture outside of their national group, “they are unable to accurately assess the alleged threat of others around them. Throughout history, dominant populations have often dealt with these fears through mass murder”5. East Timorese population was forced to study a new Indonesian language, which was formed on the basis of the Malayan language. Keeping in mind that the Indonesian government wanted to impose linguistic restrictions on the population of East Timor, one can probably notice that the Timorese also experienced cultural genocide. Of course, political genocide in East Timor cannot be ignored. It was mentioned that the reasons of the conflict between the Revolutionary Front of Independent East Timor and the Indonesian party Apodeti were of political origin. Thus, Apodeti was mostly interested in East Timor’s annexation by Indonesia. Therefore, political genocide was unavoidable6. Conclusion It seems to be obvious that the Article II of The Convention for the Prevention and Punishment of Genocide does not depict the issue of genocide in detail. For this reason, one can state that the general definitions the Convention involves are to be expanded. The most generic definition of genocide was given by Israel W. Charny. He pointed out that the worst international crime in its common sense is considered to be the mass annihilation of human beings7. As far as genocide is regarded rather ambiguously, some important points on an international crime are to be clarified. So, it must be noted that not only a government, but also various military and international organisations can be also considered as the perpetrators of genocide. We will write a custom Essay on The Genocide of East Timor specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The most widespread motives of genocide include: the annihilation of those, who are hated, the destruction of those, who are regarded as the threat to a political regime, the desire to establish a new order, purification8. Bibliography Charny, I. Encyclopedia of Genocide, Santa Barbara, California, 1999. Convention for the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide. Hrweb.org, 1997. Web. Cribb, R. The Indonesian Killings, Clayton, Australia: Monash Centre of Southeast Asian Studies, 1990. Print. Davidson, L. Cultural Genocide, New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 2012. Print. Jones, A. Case Study: East Timor (1975-99). Gendercide.org, 2002. Web. Kiernan, B. Blood and Soil: A World History of Genocide and Extermination from Sparta to Darfur, New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2007. Melson, R. Purify and Destroy: The Political Uses of Massacre and Genocide, UK: Oxford University Press, 2009. Print. Not sure if you can write a paper on The Genocide of East Timor by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Rummel, R. Genocide. Hawaii.edu, n.d. Web. Footnotes 1 R Rummel, Genocide. Hawaii.edu, n.d. 2 A Jones, Case Study: East Timor (1975-99). Gendercide.org, 2002. 3 Convention for the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide. Hrweb.org, January 1997. 4 B Kiernan, Blood and Soil: A World History of Genocide and Extermination from Sparta to Darfur. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2007. 5 L Davidson, Cultural Genocide. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 2012. Print. 6 R Cribb, The Indonesian Killings. Clayton, Australia: Monash Centre of Southeast Asian Studies, 1990. Print. 7 I Charny, Encyclopedia of Genocide. Santa Barbara, California, 1999. 8 R Melson, Purify and Destroy: The Political Uses of Massacre and Genocide. UK: Oxford University Press, 2009. Print.

Li-Young Li Persimmons Essay

Essay 1: Literacy Narrative Analysis Dr. Lee Furey Length: at least 5 paragraphs, double-spaced Each time we read a work of fiction or personal essay we are plunged into the world of a character’s (maybe more than one’s) consciousness. An adjustment has to take place. At the end of the experience, if all goes well, the reader has changed. Of the linked literacy narratives below in the module, choose one and write an essay that speaks to the following prompt. Think through the questions first, do some drafting, then arrive at whatever is your main point before you create a final draft. The thesis can be implicit. Whatever your main point winds up being, it will be debatable, because it will probably be about interpretation. Make sure to include details or examine specific wording from the story. Show me why you think whatever it is you think about the story. DO NOT simply summarize the story. Which of the linked narratives stimulated the greatest discomfort or excitement for you? What exactly in the story seemed to be causing the feeling or line of thinking? How did your response change as you continued to read or to think about the narrative? Was your response altered at all by group discussions? When did you feel yourself start to “settle in” with this person’s account of reality? Can you see how the story might be read in a couple of different ways? To which of those are you inclined, and why? Can you incorporate some of our new vocabulary as you take stock of your reading experience? Did you onboard new vocabulary as a result of reading this narrative? Did the experience of reading this bring up memories of your own evolving literacies? Did you feel that some pieces of the writer’s story connected to your own history somehow? DO NOT simply answer all the questions in order and turn that in. That is not an essay. DO practice some of what you learned in ENGL about prewriting, and share that information with me in some way. Please focus on 2-3 questions presented above. In the file attached is the literacy work that I chose which is Li-Young Li, “Persimmons”. Which is one of the work that the professor suggested.

The Womens Status In British Society Sociology Essay

In official statistics taking in United Kingdom, it shows that women’s status and class is determined by the occupation of the ‘head’ of the household which is normally the husband. Before 1981 male were always seen as the head of the household, from 1981 it was largely acceptable for the woman to be the head of the family but people’s status especially women, were still determine by the occupation of the husband. One supported of this approach is Frank Parkin (1972), he argues that woman’s status is basically based upon marital ad economic rewards, which are done by their husbands. Parking states that: ”If the wives and daughters of unskilled labourers have some things in common with the wives and daughters of wealthy landowners , there can be no doubt that the differences in their overall situation are far more striking and significant” Haralambos and Holborn. Ann and Robin Oakley don’t support this idea and believe that sociological studies have followed this closely, they believe that the head of the household determines the social class for the rest of the family and the family is taking as one unit instead of as individuals, basically family’s class has been determined by the occupation of the head of the household. Nicky Britten and Anthony Heath (1983) point the obvious negative points with this approach and point out that some family who are called” cross-class families” Haralambos and Holborn which means a family where the woman is the head of the household with the highest paid occupation. This study shown significant difference between cross-class family to a family where husband and wife both have manual jobs. This could indicate that in cross-class families the family’s status could be higher in the class system due to the wives occupation. However some sociologists still disagree with this and believe that husbands should be the bread winners with the highest paid occupation in the family. Westergaard and Resler also support this idea that family’s status is still largely shaped by the husband’s occupation. In some extend Westergaard and Resler would state that ”they are not sexiest but only stating the facts on the class position and the life chances of the family” Haralambos and Holborn. Another sociologist John Goldthorpe also supports the idea that men should have the highest paid occupation in the family and agrees with Westergaard and Resler. He also adds that family’s status in the class system is related to the male’s occupation. Nicky Britten and Anthony Heath do not agree with this idea and believe that” women’s jobs make a difference”. There are other explanations to why women’s status isn’t the same as men. One of the explanations would be biological differences. Sociologist George Peter Murdock suggest that men’s physical strength and the fact that women produce children has lead to biological difference and the power of gaining status. Murdock examined different activities carried out by men and women and found that jobs such as hunting and mining to be mainly male jobs and role such as cleaning and cooking to be females roles. Because of biological difference Murdock believed that because of childbirth, and household woman is tight to the home. Ann Oakley absolutely rejects the idea of Murdock and argues ”that there is no natural or inevitable division of labour or allocation of social roles on the basis of sex” Haralambos and Holborn. Ann Oakley (1974) states: ” Not only is the division of labour by sex not universal, but there is no reason why it should be. Human cultures are diverse and endlessly variable. They owe their creation to human inventiveness rather than invincible biological forces” Haralambos and Holborn. This is a very god quote made Oakley (1974), and many women would probably agree with this. Men shouldn’t have the advantage of having better paid occupations or to be more respected than women because they are physically stronger and that women give birth to children. Oakley also supports the idea that rather our gender, being influenced by biological factors it is more influenced by culture and they way we are treated from a young age. Socialisation is one the main factor on gender roles. From an early age girls and boys are treated differently. Girls are dressed feminine and boys are dressed masculine. Girls tend to play with dolls, kitchen whereas boys tend to play with car toys and building toys. This means that women’s status is determined from a young age instead of depending on what social class they come from. Discuss how women act as unpaid health workers. Young and Willmott (1973) identified many different families, they have given different terms for different families on basis of the families roles. They have identified, what is called ” symmetrical family” Haralambos and Holborn. Symmetrical family is where husband and wife share domestic duties, leisure activities, this type of roles are known as conjugal roles. The opposite of conjugal family is known as segregated conjugal. Young and Willmott studied two different families, first family, the conjugal roles were very different, it shown that labour division within the household took place and the husband was not involved in domestic tasks such as cleaning, raising the children. This separation in these roles let the husband and wife enjoying leisure time, on their own. Second family that was studied conjugal roles were more equal, even though the woman still did the primary responsibility of the housework and child rising. However husband did become more involved in housework and did washing, cleaning and did help with raising their children. Husband and wife become both responsible for financial decisions and home decisions that needed to be taken. The way conjugal roles shown sociologist about the inequalities in household, and they extend of work that the wife normally does. Young and Willmott argues that conjugal roles are becoming more frequent in families, however not all sociologist support this idea. Ann Oakley strongly disagrees with Young and Willmott, and say that not enough research has been carried out in this as Young and Willmott asked only one interview questions when the research was carried out. Therefore this could be perceived as biased. A different research that was carried out by ”Ann Oakley (1974) she collected information from 40 different women, who all had children under the age of 5 years old they were also British or Irish, the women were either middle-class women or working-class and all lived in London.” Haralambos and Holborn. This information made this research more accurate as to what research has been carried out by Young and Willmett. In this research, Oakley has found more equality in household, especially in the middle class households than in working class household. However overall she has found that domestic labour is shared more equally. Sociologist Mary Boulton (1983) disagrees with research that been carried out in order to find out whether domestic labour and child raising is equally shared and she states that” a question on who does what does not give a clear picture of conjugal roles” Haralambos and Holborn. Boulton admits that even though men help with child raising it is still the mother that is the primarily responsibility for the child. Responsibility to care for a child and domestic labour is classed as unpaid work and in some instanced unpaid health work. Many sociologists agree that many families have lost a number of its functions due to modern society. Institutions such as schools, business and welfare organisations now specialise in family’s functions. Talcott Parsons argues that families have become ”almost completely functionless”. However he never speculated that the family is declining in importance, but the family has become more specialised, in school and different institutions. Parsons agreed that these institutions are important for a family, by structuring the personalities of the children and stabilising the personality of adults. Not all sociologists agreed with Parsons, however Fletcher admitted that families have not lost third functions just became modern. Most sociologists agree that families perform an important part in the economic function. However the feminist writers argue with this, and agree that any work that takes place in the family is productive but it is not realised by others, apart from women, as this work is produced by women and is normally unpaid and normally performed by women. The contributions from women to unpaid work is very often underestimated, sometimes not appreciated and very unrecognised, because in some societies it is acceptable, for women to be doing this type of work, on daily basis. Critically discuss gender division within the caring professions. Marxist feminists and liberal feminists perceive employment as understanding of gender inequalities. Women face disadvantages in paid employment. Disadvantage such as, woman tend to be paid less than men, they are more likely to be in part time job, woman also tend t stay in lower reaches of the occupation. As women still faces division in employment, men also can be discriminated against jobs and can face disadvantages. Functionalist Talcott Parsons argued that” women are naturally suited to the expressive role of childcare and men are more suited to the instrumental role”. Haralambos and Holborn. This could be why there are more females nurses than male nurses. As mentioned in previous paragraphs Murdock expressed on the fact that gender divisions is determined biologically. He agrees that feminine roles such as caring should be female jobs and masculine work such as manual labour should be male jobs. It is possible that labour division stems from this and therefore there is a division within the caring occupation. Human capital theory suggests that female is less valuable to employers as they tend to have other commitments such as children and home labour. Study carried out by Peter Sloane (1994) suggests that ”gender continued to influence pay even when qualifications and experience were taken into account” Haralambos and Holborn. Sociologist Hakim (2004) argues that women now have more choice and that inequality stems from preference. He also points out that women have better employment opportunities than ever before. Brunel University suggests that men in caring professions are now opting for more masculine jobs and emotionally more challenging area within their work. According to the Brunel University’s research ”men seem to be getting more respect than women in the same role” http://www.brunel.ac.uk/news/pressoffice/pressreleases/2005/cdata/july/men in caring roles . Men that were questioned have chosen to specialise in accident and emergency employment, mental health, this to the men that were questioned stated that this type of work is more exciting and demanding than general nursing. According to one male nurse ”Looking at people to whom I’ve broken bad news, they appreciated that it’s a man who’s breaking bad news” http://www.brunel.ac.uk/news/pressoffice/pressreleases/2005/cdata/july/men in caring roles. According to this research it states” The value of masculinity within caring professions is greatly appreciated”. http://www.brunel.ac.uk/news/pressoffice/pressreleases/2005/cdata/july/men in caring roles. Professions are one of the fastest growing occupations, the professionals can be divided into two groups which are lower and higher professionals, higher professionals included doctors, judges, barristers and many more, the lower professionals included school teachers, nurses and social workers. Sociologist Bernard Barber (1966) gives a functionalist perspective he argues that professionalism requires a body of systematic and wide knowledge base. He also adds that professionals need to be concern about the welfare of others and not themselves. In recent years professional bodies have criticised, nurses, doctors and more, all have been attacked because of an incident that happened in 1993 were a female nurse attacked a patient. A Marxist theory on professionals states ” professionals have been weakened which means they can no longer pursue their dreams” Haralambos and Holborn. Harry Braverman claims that a lot of de-skilling has taking place in many jobs. Critically evaluate the power of medicine in British Society.