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A Strategy Case Study Of Coors Business Essay

A Strategy Case Study Of Coors Business Essay. The brewing industry in the US consists of ales, stouts and bitters, low alcohol beers, premium lager, specialty beers and standard lager which generated total revenue of approximately $78.8 billion in 2008 (Brewing Industry-Datamonitor, 2009). This revenue has grown tremendously compared to the industry revenue back in 1985 which counted for approximately $38 billion. The brewing industry has experienced maturity cycle and would likely remain like this in the following years. The key players in this industry are AB InBev and MolsonCoors, controlling four-fifths of the US market. Some trend that has been happening in this industry is premiumization of price points and perceived quality by consumer (IBIS, 2010). Looking ahead in the future, there is an opportunity of growth as consumer demand cheaper alcoholic beverages. Segments The brewing industry is divided into six different segments based on the total market’s revenues. Standard lager has the largest market share in the US (35.7 percent), followed by premium lager (34.2 percent), specialty beer (26.5 percent), ales, stouts and bitters (0.7 percent), and low/no alcohol (Brewing Industry- Datamonitor, 2009). Caveats This paper is written based on past secondary data in brewing industry, some limitations that researcher found were including difficulties to find the most up-to-date company and industry data. Socio-Economic Relevant Governmental or Environmental Factors The level of government regulation is heavy in brewing industry and tends to increase in the following year. Government regulates the minimum drinking age (21 year old) and trading hours (IBIS, 2010). Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco Firearms and Explosives (ATF) regulates labeling, marking, packaging, branding, and production of all alcoholic beverages in the US (IBIS, 2010). Each State also imposes different state excise tax; the average rate is 19 cents per gallon. The state regulation is stricter in eastern states than in the west (IBIS, 2010). The age profile of the population also affects the demand of beer. The highest consumption of beer lay in the 21 to 35 year old than for other age group. The US beer consumption has increased dramatically over 1945-1985 period as baby boomer reached the legal drinking age (Ghemawat, 1987). Economic Indicators relevant for the brewing industry IBISWorld predicts that the US brewing industry’s revenue will decline at an average annual rate of 0.3 percent per year to 36.7 billion (IBIS, 2010). Price of raw materials such as malt and hops will affect the industry, as it accounted for a quarter or fifth of total raw material costs. The trend in increasing of raw material and shipping costs will decrease the industry profitability. Exhibit 1 projects selected raw material prices and shipments for brewers in the US. Porter’s Five Forces Threat of New Entrants Threat of new entrants is medium Economies of Scale The significant economies of scale in this industry are advertising and promotion material and control over distribution channels. Brand recognition is one of the most important key of survival in this industry, therefore, large company usually has enough revenue for advertising and branding; it is hard for the new player to enter the industry and gain enough market share to survive. In addition, cost to establish distribution channel is high due to high regulation (IBIS, 2010). Working capital requirements Coors’ working capital was accounted for $181.9 million (December 2008) and $121 million (December 2009) (Molson, 2009). Proprietary product differences The way Coors differentiate their products from competitions is paralleled with Michael Porter’s strategic positioning (Porter, 1996). Coors tried to differentiate their products by offering higher quality product by utilizing two unique aspects in its brewing process. First, Coors uses natural fermentation process which takes 70 days compared to the average 20-30 days. Second, Coors does not pasteurize the beer because the heat from the process has a potential to harm the taste (Ghemawat, 1992). Absolute cost advantages Cost advantage that brewing industry can achieve is different from other industry such as pharmaceutical. Brewing company that produce high variety of brands can achieve cost advantage through distribution channel and media advertising (IBIS, 2010). Brand identity Brand identity tied closely to consumer’s brand loyalty. The US brewing industry has a high degree of product differentiation in the market; therefore strong brand recognition will help the company to survive in the beer market. Access to distribution Brewing companies get their product to the customers via wholesalers and retailers. Retailers such as bars and restaurants only carries limited number of brands, while supermarket and liquor store usually offers wider selection of brands. Datamonitor cited that supermarket and hypermarket distributing approximately 55.8 percent of the total market volume (Datamonitor-Brewing Industry, 2009). Coors unpasteurized products demand a special method of distribution. The company usually ships its beer in refrigerated rail cars and trucks to wholesalers’ warehouse. Distribution for Coors beers has changed overtime, in 1970 “over two-thirds of company’s wholesalers carried nothing but Coors”, and then in 1985 the distribution comprised 569 independent wholesalers and 5 company-owned ones. (Ghemawat, 1992). Expected retaliation Even though large economies of scale exists to prevent new entrants, the market definitely see more and more small brewing facilities that successfully achieve economies of scale of large brewing company. The Boston Beer Company is one of the examples; the company chooses to focus more in developing taste and marketing and decide to outsource the brewing, packing, and distribution process (IBIS, 2010). Suppliers Bargaining power of suppliers is moderate. Supplier concentration Raw materials in this industry includes commodity such s malts, rice or corn, hops, yeast, aluminum, and bottles (Ghemawat, 1987). Since the main raw materials are commonly available, beer industry can switch from one supplier to the other with low switching cost. Therefore, supplier concentration is low. Presence of substitutes inputs Presence of substitute input is low. This fact is due to the main beer ingredients such as hops, malt, barley and yeast are irreplaceable. Therefore, the brewers still depend heavily on suppliers input and give them higher bargaining power. Differentiation of inputs The differentiation among input lays on the quality of the material. Brewers are competing against each other to obtain the best quality of materials. This element definitely increases the bargaining power of the supplier. Importance of volume to supplier The suppliers’ clients are not necessarily limited to the brewers only. The barley growers for example can sell their products as cattle feed. This alternative market boosts supplier’s power (Brewing Industry-Datamonitor, 2009). Impact of inputs on our cost or ability to differentiate Since raw materials are accounted for a quarter or fifth of total raw material costs, this will give higher bargaining power for supplier. Threat of forward or backward integration There is a threat that brewers have become their own suppliers by growing their own hops. Since World War II, due to increase price of cans, major industries decided to produce their own cans. Giant brewer like Coors also makes most of its labels and secondary packaging (Ghemawat, 1987). Therefore, this backward integration will weaken the power of supplier. Access to capital Based on MolsonCoors’ financial reports; their gross margin is stated as 43.05 percent in Fiscal Year on 2009. While return on equity and return on investment is 11.11 percent and 7.38 percent respectively (Molson, 2009). Access to labor Labor is the next largest cost to this industry, accounting around 10 percent of industry revenue. The ratio of wages/salaries to industry revenue was used to be around 18 percent in 1999, but has fallen steadily because of heavy investment in new plant and equipment (IBIS, 2010). Buyers Bargaining power of buyers is moderate. Buyer concentration The buyer in this industry is highly concentrated since the majority of the buyers are supermarket chains. Big supermarket like Wal-Mart has a significant bargaining power over the producer because of the size of the market that they offer. Buyer switching costs Buyers only incurred low switching costs which increase their bargaining power. Buyer information Most buyers understand the basic of brewing industry. Even, brewing has been considered as a family tradition in some area. However, with each brewing company is famous for their secret recipe, therefore there is a possibility for brewer to increase its profit margin. Threat of backward integration Threat of backward integration is not available. Pull through The brewing industry is able to create pull through due to its large advertising expense. The pull-through marketing will increase buyers brand recognition to specific brand. Brand identity of buyers There is a strong brand identity among buyers. This is why brewers also market a premium beer in order to cater to different market segmentation. Price sensitivity Since there are so many varieties of products and brands in the market, the beer price sensitivity is high. Price to total purchases Buyers such a supermarket purchases are depend on the size of the supermarket itself. The bigger the capacity then the more products they purchased, and vice versa. However, retailers such as liquor stores will have a significant percentage of beer purchase. Substitutes Products Threat of substitutes is moderate. Relative price/performance relationship of substitutes The main substitutes for beer products are spirits, wine, and other non-alcoholic drink. In the brewing industry, price is not the most important factor. Competition is driven primarily on brand loyalty, advertising and product packaging (IBIS, 2010) Buyer propensity to substitutes Imported beers can be considered a substitute for domestically produced beers. Demand for alcoholic beverages, including beer, is higher among households which have higher disposable income (IBIS, 2010). Rivalry Rivalry in this industry is high. Degree of concentration and balance among competitors In 2008, this industry market is heavily consolidated in just two companies: MillerCoors and AB InBev. These companies were formed after the merger of SABMiller with Molson Coors Brewing Company and Anheuser-Busch with international beverage behemoth InBev. The resulting companies dominate the industry and are responsible for approximately four-fifths of all beer production within the US (IBIS, 2010). Diversity among competitors Firms in the brewing industry follow similar strategy. The major firms tried to acquire each market segmentation by producing different beers that will cater to different people. Industry growth rate The brewing industry in the US has reached maturity stage, growth rates has remained stagnant and even declined over these past year. The industry growth in the 1986 was increased by 2.2 percent to 186.5 million barrels followed by a gradual upward trend throughout the 1990s (IBIS, 2010). However, market saturation and recession has decreased the growth rate. The projected compound annual growth rate in 2008-2013 is 0.9 percent (Brewing Industry-Datamonitor, 2009). Fixed costs to value added Fixed costs are considered high in this industry due to large amount of investment needed in order to establish manufacturing plant and promotional expenses. Intermittent overcapacity The brewing industry is in the normal range in terms of capacity. Product differentiation There is a high product differentiation in this industry. Each brewers try to differentiate themselves from other brewers through advertising, packaging and product taste. Growth of foreign competition Imports in this industry are medium but increasing. Import penetration of beer into the US market had growth substantially before declining in 2007 due to a weakening dollar. The imports destination is including Mexico, Netherland, Canada, Ireland and the United Kingdom. The imports size has grown greatly due to aggressive marketing by foreign brewers, combined with the increasing preference for exotic beers in the US (IBIS, 2010). Corporate stakes Most firms in this industry depend on this industry segment. Exit barriers Exit barriers are moderate. There are high possibility of joint-venture, merger, and company acquisition in this industry. Conclusion Critical Success Factors Based on the industry analysis, brewers need to achieve some of the critical success factors in order to success. The critical success factors are: economies of scope, effective advertising and promotion, and established distribution networks. Development of brand name is critical for company success, both in competition between brewers and competing against substitutes products. Economies scope also provides an advantage to larger players, which can achieve more cost-effective promotional campaigns. Prognosis The brewing industry has reached maturity stage, along with slow growth rates and sluggish consumer spending. However, the industry is expected to experience growth between 2011 and 2015 as consumer confidence becomes stronger (IBIS, 2010). This industry is highly concentrated, with only two major players rule the whole industry. However, this industry is still considered profitable; as in 2013, the market is forecast to experience increase of 4.6 percent in revenue. Part II: FIRM ANALYSIS Current Situation Brief firm history Adolph Coors, Sr., started Coors brewing company back in 1873 in Golden, Colorado. Coors has very diverse businesses such as porcelain, food product, biotechnology, oil and gas, and health system; however, their 84 percent of Coors’ revenue back in 1985 is tied to the brewing division. Nowadays, Coors’ brewing division has product portfolio for more than 65 partner brands, 18 breweries, and operations in more than 30 countries (Ghemawat, 1987). Molson Coors Brewing Company was formed after merger between Colorado-based Adolph Coors Company with Canadian Molson Brewing back in February 2005. Nowadays, they are considered as the best-selling and fastest growing premium light beer in the US. The company also recently formed joint-venture with SABMiller in the US (Molson Coors). Molson Coors has experienced declining revenue in the US segment. Based on their financial report, they only generated $1,504.8 in 2008 compared to $2,764.9 in 2007 (IBIS, 2010). Strategic Posture Mission Molson Coors “Our Brew” stated the company’s goals, vision and approach to work together. Their mission is to create an “exceptional results and extraordinary brands” through its human capital (Molson, 2009). Current Strategy Molson’s current strategy is to focus more on the brand growth and product portfolio by increasing volume production, strategic pricing and gaining larger market share. They also tried to expanding their iconic brand, “Rocky Cold Refreshment” into new global market (Molson, 2009). Additionally, Coors’ also plan to build their second brewery in Virginia or North Caroline due to limited production capacity in Colorado plant and rising transportation cost (Ghemawat, 1987). External Environment (Opportunities and Threats) Socio-Cultural The level of government regulation is heavy in brewing industry and tends to increase in the following year. The industry also experienced stagnant revenue due to recession. Threat of substitutes also becomes an important issue for Coors to be addressed. However, there are still some opportunities for Coors to increase its market share by expanding to international market. Task Environment IBISWorld predicted that the revenue of the US Brewing industry will increase at an average annual rate of 1.3 percent to 39 billion over five-years (IBIS, 2010). This will be such a good opportunity for Molson Coors as they expand their product offering. However, looking in the long run, threat of substitutes will affect the company significantly. Increase competition from imported beers and substitute beverages, and decreased in consumer’s discretionary income will be the most important issues to address for Coors Company (IBIS, 2010). Additionally, increase in raw materials will reduce Coors’ profitability. Internal Environment (Strength and Weaknesses) Management Board of Directors There are 15 members of the Board of Directors; 12 members are elected by class A shareholder (hold the majority of voting rights) and three directors elected by class B directors. More than 50 percent of the voting power of Molson Coors is controlled by the Coors and Molson Company (Molson Coors). Top Management Molson Coors has two CEOs as the impact of company mergers. Peter Swinburn the CEO, has a strong background in international market expansion. His background includes serving as CEO of Coors Brewers Limited in the UK. Additionally, Dave Perkins, who used to hold the position as Molson’s chief market development office, has the expertise in corporate strategy including mergers and acquisition. Molson Coors “Our Brew” stated the company’s goals, vision and approach to work together: In breweries and offices around the world, we are all focused on delivering exceptional results and creating extraordinary brands that delight the world’s beer drinkers We intend to win the right way, take smart risks, be decisive, and take personal accountability for delivering results while putting a team first These values and shared sense of purpose is core to our culture and to the achievement of our ambitions (Molson, 2009). Marketing Product offering compared to competition Coors’ offer a wide variety of product portfolio depends on the geographic segments. Coors joint-venture with Miller has increased its product offering in the market. Product Pricing Beer price experienced a decreased in by 30 percent between 1960 and 1980, due to cost reductions and pressures to fill excess capacity. Anheuser-Busch and Sales and Distribution In the US, one-fourth of Molson Coors products are sold on-premise in bars and restaurants while three-fourth is sold off premise in liquor stores, convenience stores, grocery stores and other retail outlets. The company also own three distributorships which handled approximately 2 percent of its total US segment volume in 2006. Molson Coors also market their product in Puerto Rico and Caribbean through independent distributor (Molson, 2009). Advertising and Market Share Coors has successfully maintains its consumer’s brand loyalty “mostly at the expense of Miller” (IBIS, 2010). The challenge that Coors face due to marketing is how to market their products without cannibalizing the growth of other product within its range (IBIS, 2010). Exhibit 2 provides a summary of the beer industry market share in the US. Operations/Production Coors always emphasizes quality and scale in its production. Coors capital spending tied closely to give the latest innovation in its product. Coors has two unique aspects of its brewing process that has become their competitive advantages over the years. First, Coors aged its beer for 70 days, not 20-30 days like other brewers. This longer brewing process caused them to incurred the highest brewing cost ($57 back in 1984) compared to $45 of Anheuser-Busch (Ghemawat, 2010). Second, Coors did not pasteurize its beer as the intense heat can harm the taste of beer. Finance Exhibit 3 summarizes the financial performance of Molson Coors in the past five years. Coors’ the US division accounted for 31.5 percent of the total revenue in 2009. Coors generated $4,774.3 million during Fiscal Year of 2008, which was a decrease of 22.9 percent from year of 2007 (Coors-Datamonitor, 2009). The merger with Miller has reduced its marketing and administrative costs. However, due to recession and sluggish consumer spending sales has declined by 1.7 percent in 2009 for both retailers and wholesalers (IBIS, 2010). Human Resource Management Coors is the only major brewing company who is not unionized. In addition, Coors had received several labor strikes over the years due to”racial and sexual discrimination, mandatory lie-detector tests and loyalty oaths, and dismissal for reasons such as denigration of the Coors family and refusal to be searched at work” (Ghemawat, 1987). Coors’ most famous labor strike happened in 1977 by the Brewery Union representing 1,500 employees (Ghemawat, 1987). Management Information Systems No relevant information found in this section. Critical Success Factors Based on the industry analysis, Coors has achieved some of the critical success factors in brewing industry. Coors addressed the economies of scope by offering wide variety of brands for every market segments. Coors also achieved high brand recognition through effective advertising which is one of the most critical factors that will determine a success of a brewing company. At last, Coors has an established distribution networks. Strategic Problem Management has failed to ensure the long-term survival of Coors because of market saturation in their home market and threat of substitutes. One of Coors strategy is to build the second brewing plant in Virginia or North Carolina due to brewing limitation in Colorado site and rising distribution costs related to shipping distance to their wholesalers. This expansion strategy would help them cutting some significant costs such as shipping and distribution; and giving them more flexibility in terms of production capacity. However, the brewing industry market for the North America market has become saturated by products, brand and producers. Additionally, consumption and revenue growth have slowed down in the past few years (IBIS, 2010). Therefore, this strategy is only effective in the short-term but will not help Coors’ sustainability in the long run. Strategic Alternatives In order to survive in this industry while still preserving its place as the market leader, Coors needs to implement a new set of strategies. In this part, we will discuss some alternative strategies that will help Coors achieving their long-run objectives. Expand the market for Coors’ domestic product offerings by selling those products in international market Coors has successfully established their international presence in the UK and Canada. There is a huge opportunity for them to expand to the international market in China, India, and even Russia. Based on Datamonitor report the beer market in China has reported to have a stable growth over the last five years. The total revenues of the Chinese beer market generated total revenues of $36,000 million in 2008 (Molson Coors, 2009). Advantages: Opportunity to gain a new market, especially with market saturation in the US and fierce competition from Anheuser Busch Coors could realize the location economies There is a possibility to earn a greater return by leveraging any valuable skills developed in foreign operations and transferring them back to the home country China and India could be their stepping stones to Asian market Disadvantages: High Cost to implement a new investment in foreign country This strategy is not easy to implement, Coors needs to do an in-depth market research in order to succeed Cut production cost by implementing “Contract Brewing” Strategy This strategic alternative is related to Coors’ plan for multisite expansion. Instead of opening the second brewery in Virginia or North Carolina, the other option would be to outsource their beer production to a smaller brewery. Therefore Coors does not need to invest in another large scale manufacturing plant. Advantages: Lower cost of investment (compared to building another plant) Coors could utilize the time that they would spend in developing a new plant into their new marketing campaign and distribution strategy Disadvantages: There is a possibility to receive a negative consumer perception. Just like a made-in-China product perception, an outsource beer would have the possibility to build negative perception just because the consumer doubt about the taste and quality Possibility to lose the original recipe. One of Coors’ competitive advantages is their unique taste that was developed through their secret family recipe. By implementing a licensing/contract agreement with other brewers, Coors will have the possibility to lose its secret recipe. Recommendation Expanding Coors’ product offering to the new international market in China sounds like the most appropriate strategy to implement right now. This strategy would allow them gaining more market share in China and hopefully able to use the revenue from the foreign subsidiary to complement the stagnant revenue in the home country. In addition, the Chinese beer market is expected to increase by 38.4 percent in 2013 (Beer in China-Datamonitor, 2009). Exhibit 4 gives market projection in terms of beer production from year 2008 to 2013. ImplementationA Strategy Case Study Of Coors Business Essay
ACCT 460 CTU Ability to Meet Short Term Debt Obligations and Funding Operations Paper.

Using the Units 1-4 assignments and feedback, complete the Management Discussion and Analysis (MD&A) for the company. Along with the MD&A, include an Excel Portfolio of the Units 1-5 assignments.The MD&A should have the following:Provide a summary of the current year’s activities.Discuss the company’s ability to meet short-term obligations and fund operations and capital projects, and give the results of operations.Provide a financial ratio analysis that includes liquidity, profitability, and solvency.Discuss the federal tax obligations for the firm if it is structured as an LLC and as a C Corporation.Discuss current internal controls as related to the prior assignment.Provide a recommendation for next year’s operations.The project deliverables are as follows:Update the research document’s title page with a new date.Update previously-completed sections based on your instructor’s feedback.Ensure that this final version of the document is sufficiently detailed to fully meet the assignment requirements for each part of the course.New content for Week 5 is as follows:Complete the Management Discussion and Analysis for the company.Be sure to update your table of contents before submission.I also uploaded the instructor files and answer keys for units 1 and 3
ACCT 460 CTU Ability to Meet Short Term Debt Obligations and Funding Operations Paper

In your own words, answer this unit’s discussion questions in a main post (recommended minimum 300 words), and respond to at least two peers’ postings (recommended minimum 75 words). After you have reviewed the Assignment Details below, click the Discussion Board link under the My Work heading above to open the Discussion Board and make your post. Assignment Details Computer technology has provided the criminal justice system with a number of benefits such as program algorithms that identify scanned fingerprints and facial recognition.  It has increased intelligence and record keeping capabilities.  However, it has provided literally millions of potential victims of crime.  It started out with financial crimes (such as fraud and ransom software), and it progressed to coaxing victims to locations for murder, rape, and kidnapping.  Victims of computer crimes include the criminal using social media as a weapon.   The commander of a newly formed cyber-crime unit is very knowledgeable about fraud and various financially motivated viruses.  The one thing he is not that familiar with is the impact that social media has on victims of crimes such as cyber bullying and cyber stalking. The commander has you temporarily attached from the human trafficking and sex crimes unit to bring his cyber teams up to date on how to understand what cyber victims of stalking and bullying are going through and how best to approach them for maximum effective investigation. Devise a plan on explaining the aspects of cyber bullying and cyber stalking to the cyber-crime unit. Focus your discussion on the following: Explain why comments made on social media are so impactful on the emotions of the victim. Identify the types of cyber-crimes that may ultimately lead to a physical crime against the victim Advise the cyber-crime unit team members on what types of assurances should they provide the victim to obtain his or her cooperation in the investigation and to ultimately keep him or her safe.
SNHU Tax Research and Resources Questions.

Individual tax filing requirements and circumstances can change, so it is important to be familiar with the research tools available to you as a tax practitioner. In this discussion, you will consider research resources available for tax preparers and how they can be used in the field.What are the available commercial and noncommercial tax resources that you could utilize as a tax practitioner? Refer to Section 2-2A through 2-2C (specifically, exhibit 2-7) in your textbook for options.Which commercial resource do you think is the most beneficial to a tax practitioner? (Note that you will not be able to access the commercial resources but can find their features on their website.)Which noncommercial resource do you think is the most beneficial to a tax practitioner?How might you use the tax research process (refer to Section 2-3 in your textbook) for utilizing tax resources in preparing individual tax returns. (Think about ways you could use this process to support you in completing Final Project Two.)When responding to your peers, choose peers who selected a different resource (commercial or noncommercial) than the one you wrote about in your initial post. What are the benefits of the resource your peer chose? In what ways is the resource you chose in your initial post different than your peer’s resource?
SNHU Tax Research and Resources Questions

United Methodist University Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Discussion

United Methodist University Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Discussion.

For this assignment, you must first view the video Applying Psychology to Everyday Life: Minimizing the Impact of Adult Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Now, imagine that you are a university psychology professor. One of your students, John Doe, was recently diagnosed with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), combined presentation. He has emailed you and requested your advice and assistance with better understanding his circumstances, diagnosis, and prognosis. You will reply to John by writing an email in which you will offer him advice in the following areas. Indicate structures of the brain that are involved and biopsychology factors that could impact his emotions, learning, memory, and motivation related to your class. Describe ways in which his brain can perceive information from the outside world that could in turn impact his performance in your class. Identify suggestions that you have for John to increase his chances for success in your class as well his other courses. Your email must be a minimum of 500 words in the body of the email. You must use at least two academic sources to support your advice. All sources used must be properly cited. Include the references at the bottom of the e-mail for your student’s reference. Adhere to APA Style when creating citations and references for this assignment. APA formatting of the email is not necessary.
United Methodist University Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Discussion

HCC Main Characteristics and Explanation of Realism Discussion

best essay writers HCC Main Characteristics and Explanation of Realism Discussion.

With Reference to the set readings for Weeks 1&2, and to any additional research that you may have done, please answer the following question:- What are the key characteristics of realism, and does it help explain conflict in the world?Please keep your responses to approximately 500 words.The following aspects will be taken into consideration when I grade these:A well written, focused and concise argument.Use of quotations from the set texts to back up your key pointsCritical thinking in terms of evaluating and critiquing the theoryThink about Realism not as one theory but different stands within the bigger umbrellaYou should include in text citations to all sources that you use, as well as a bibliography at the end listing all of the materials you used. You are free to use the referencing system of your choice, but make sure it is consistent.
HCC Main Characteristics and Explanation of Realism Discussion

The Classroom Environment

Abstract Play can provide opportunities for growth and development regarding social and emotional domains, having play in the classroom and outside allows the children to play with others and develop a social system and a sense of self. When children play, they learn to turn and talk to one another, they also learn on how to follow the rules of the classroom and the playground. A must is how to handle winning and losing in a game. By the child engaging in these practices it will help the child have a sense of self control and a sense of one’s self. Play can be an outlet for the children to build their large muscles and their balancing skills. One of the main benefits of playing outside for children is having them work on their locomotor skills. These skills involve movement such as running, jumping, hopping, climbing and skipping. That is just to name a few. Children who have play in their daily routine will experience overall good health. By playing outside, this will give the child the opportunities to gain muscle strength and coordination. Were as if the child just wants to sit at home and play’s video games all day, this can lead to a very unhealthy lifestyle. It is important that children spend time playing outdoors with friends so they can experience cognitive, social, emotional and physical benefits. It is also important for teachers to support and challenge children, by designing games and providing appropriate interventions for the children to interact with each other on the playground. By providing these interventions it will endure new possibilities for the children to experience. It is important to have a variety of equipment available for the children to play a specific sport. For an example, if the new intervention is to introduce tennis to the class. It is important to make sure that they have a tennis racquet and tennis balls for each child to use. By having all the supplies for this sport, the children can engage and have fun instead of fighting over just one or two tennis racquets. The Primary Classroom Set Up. The classroom should have specific areas set up for specific activities. Aesthetics is very important in the classroom setting. Children need to have daily duties and responsibilities such as watering the plants and changing the calendar daily to the correct date. By providing these duties in the classroom, it gives the children the feeling of belonging and a feeling of personal competence. Areas of the Classroom. It is important that the classroom environment makes the students feel welcome, safe and secure. By providing this type of environment, it will help support the students emotional and social development. The entrance and the exit of the classroom. This area should be safe and free of any clutter and objects. The entrance should provide the child an area where they can put away their jackets and backpacks. The doors should be labeled, entrance and exit. The doors will be decorated with the current holiday or season. For example, if it’s Easter time, have decorations of the Easter bunny up on the door. Also try to incorporate all the children’s names that are in the class on the door or outside of the classroom. Large Meeting Space – this is usually an area where the whole class will meet and sit together. This space can be a large carpet that has a design on it. Some carpets will have the alphabet on it and each student will have their own assigned spot to sit on. Having this in the classroom makes the child feel safe and it gives them a since of routine. The children will know where they will always sit when it comes to gathering time on the carpet. This area should have an easel for the teacher to use to display the activity that the class is working on or the book that the class is reading. Read out louds will be presented to the children at this space, also class meetings can happen here. For example, if a practice fire drill is going to happen on that day, the teacher can use this space to talk to the students about the fire drill and explain to them what is expected of them. Small Group Work Spaces -These are areas when the children can work together, or they can work alone. Also, the teacher can work with a small group of children, but they should try to keep the student count to no more than five students. For example, the teacher may want to work on reading or the alphabetic chart with a handful of students, this type of setting allows more one on one time with the teacher and the students. Small groups can meet in the large area where the carpet is, or they can meet at a small table or the students can sit on the floor. When the students meet on the floor for their small group, they can play games, such as an educational board game or having math tubs available for the children to use and sort out. By having different math manipulative and games available for the children will spark an interest for them to learn more about math. For instance, having blocks and cylinders will provide the students with the founding basics of geometry. These geometry figures are a staple in every classroom. Legos can be fun for both boys and girls and this will help develop their eye and hand coordination, this will also strengthen the child’s small motor skills. Research performed by “Silberman (1996) states that classroom conditions are important in active learning, and the classroom should be arranged in a way allowing the teacher and children to communicate comfortably.” Individual Work Places – First the child will need a place to store their jackets, lunch box and backpack. Next each child will have their own desk space. Or some teachers use tables instead of desks. If tables are used, then the student will have their own assigned spot to sit. It is the student’s responsibility to keep their desk or area neat and clean. The classroom should have a cool down spot or chill zone. This is an area for students that need a brain break or time out to be able to rethink what they were doing. Storage and Equipment – Labels are to be put on all the items so the students understand were to put the items and materials back. The materials should always be stored away neatly. At the beginning of the school year the teacher will hold a meeting regarding how to clean up the classroom and where everything is stored. Also making the students aware that it is there responsibility to clean up and not leave their area or the classroom a mess. Materials such as pencils, crayons, markers, glue sticks and scissors will have their own containers for storage. The teacher will need to replace worn out and materials. “The classroom arrangement should allow children to use materials actively.” (Huber, 2000). The Block and Math Center. The children should have a variety of blocks to play with, these can be from wood unit blocks to Lego blocks. Their also should be different math manipulative for children to use for counting and sorting the manipulatives. There should be brightly colored cubes for building and counting. “Learning environments should be arranged in a way improving creative thinking. Methods such as drama, problem-solving and brainstorming make the active learning process functional and support creative thinking.” (Pekdogan

ENG 101 Cuyamaca College Negative Impact of the Public Health Issues Discussion

ENG 101 Cuyamaca College Negative Impact of the Public Health Issues Discussion.

I’m working on a english writing question and need an explanation to help me learn.

What do you think?“Long overdue”: Lawmakers declare racism a public health emergencyBlack and Brown Americans are susceptible to higher rates of infant mortality, heart disease and even an advanced aging process…and now Covid 19.Read in The Guardian: (Links to an external site.)Should we view social structures that promote poor health as a public health issues?ie does race or socioeconomic status in itself impact health? (2 pts)Give an example of a health outcome that occurs more in minority populations and support your answer.(3pts)Reference (3pts)Clarity and analysis (2pts)
ENG 101 Cuyamaca College Negative Impact of the Public Health Issues Discussion