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A Midsummer Night’s Dream by William Shakespeare popular mba argumentative essay help Medicine and Health homework help

An examination of the dream theme of Shakespeare’s `A Midsummer Night’s Dream.

Dreaming and what happens during the period of slumber are two important themes that emerge from the Shakespearean comedy A Midsummer Night’s Dream`. This paper discusses the difference between actual dreams and the surreal situation in order to grasp the meaning and significance of `dreaming` in the play.
`A Midsummer Night’s dream, as the name suggest, is full of instances of fantasy and illusion which makes it on the one hand, a beautiful magical tale while on the other a comic story where surrealism outweighs every other force. While many would think that love is the dominant theme of the play, the playwright it appears had another theme in mind when he created this story. Shakespeare has given dreams a more dominant role to play in the plot because it is during the period of slumber that magical things happen to the characters, which completely change the course of the play.`




Psychology of Woman


Institutional Affiliation

Psychology of Woman

The study of psychology of women has pushed the boundaries of the traditional theory, produced breakthroughs in methodology, and built links to the most challenging obstacles of the present day. It has remained socially relevant and intellectually vibrant, which includes initiatives which not only have changed the epistemology of understanding but also have increased researchers’ knowledge of people and the world.

Women are way more perceptive compared to men as an average woman understands social situations and picks up on social cues much better than an average man. There is a presumption that every person thinks exactly the same, women are no exception, and a huge mistake that most of women make is that they assume that men are as sensitive as they are to social situations. The same way men often make the mistake of thinking that women experience attraction like they do. The facts are, when it comes to attractions for both males and females, the case is different.

For the women, they are attracted to men all the time but to them, attractions does not necessarily equal to sex but for guys, attraction to a woman is equal to sex and chances are that, they would sleep with her and she would have to really do something pretty weird or demonstrate a lousy personality to make a man change his mind (Hyde, Janet & Else-Quest, 2013).

Theoretical Perspective

Sigmund Freud, one of the great geniuses in modern era views on female stirred controversy in his time and which has continued to evoke considerable debated in today’s world. Women receive passively, affix nothing of their own, and oppose change, Freud in 1925, written in a paper entitled “The Psychical Consequences of the Anatomic Distinction between the Sexes.”

While Freud sees women as lesser in comparison with men, most ladies were effective in the advancement and growth of psychoanalysis. Being the initial woman to join Freud’s Vienna Psychoanalytic Society in 1918, Helene Deutsch extensively wrote on areas such as; female adolescence, motherhood and psychology of women; and also published her initial psychoanalytic writing on female’s sexuality.

Freud was opposed to female emancipation movement while his belief was; a woman’s life was dominated by her sexual reproductive functions; the big question which still lacks answers and which no individual has yet attempted to answer (Bernay & Cantor, 2013).

He believed women experience penis envy; which was the female counterpart to his castration anxiety concept. Freud’s theory on psychosexual development, he suggests at the young Phallic Stage, little girls devote their affection to the father and distance themselves from the mother. This occurs after the girl realizes that she lacks penis and they may hold their mothers as being accountable for their lack of penis.

Freud believed his discovery on Oedipal Complex and other related theories like Penis Envy and Castration Anxiety were among his greatest achievements; perhaps they are the most criticized. His ideas have been criticized by Female Psychoanalysts such as Karen Horney together with other feminist thinkers who term them as condescending and distorted.

Today, many analysts have suggested that instead of rejecting Freud’s theory outright, they should instead focus on coming up with alternative views over Freud’s original ideas. He revised his ideas extensively and as any times as he continued to accumulate more new data while reaching fresh insights. A contemporary analyst should do no less (Lips, 2016).

Gender Stereotypes and Gender Differences

In both within and across diverse cultures, there exists a great consistency in the standards of desirable gender- role behaviors. A man is expected to be assertive, independent, and competitive, while a woman is expected to be more sensitive, passive, and supportive, although over the last two decades, such beliefs have been slowly changing not only within the United States, but across the world. There are many variations in the cultural gender-role standards across many diverse cultures. Within the United States, these standards may vary depending on age, ethnicity, occupation, and education.

In girls, they are more neurologically and physically advanced during birth. Males are more susceptible to hereditably anomalies and diseases, even though they are more muscular. Females excel faster in verbal skills than males. Boys excel early in their math skills and visual-spatial. Girls are more nurturant and boys are more aggressive. Boys possess more speech, emotional and reading problems than girls.

More equivocal is the gender variation in dependency, activity level, exploratory activity, timidity, and vulnerability to stress. There lacks gender difference in conformity, sociability, self-esteem, achievements, or verbal aggression.

The media depiction of women and men as fundamentally different appears to perpetuate misconceptions in spite the absence of evidence. Work place studies have shown that ladies oppose nurturing, caring and feminine stereotypes pay dearly in the event of hiring and evaluation. Children also experience the consequences of overstated claim of gender issues.

The outcome of the stereotype thoughts, mathematical gifted women may be over-looked by parents with low expectation of her success in the subject. This expectation relates strongly to one’s performance and self confidence. For example, Black-American home my less likely hold to stern gender role distinction in their interactions with their boys and girls, while Mexican-American home may most likely emphasize on gender differences.

Using aggression for example, looking at confinement rates in comparing women and men aggressiveness, the reality that men comprise the majority of prison population support the thought that they possess more aggressiveness than women. However, the estimate is misleading in how both women and men differ in their level of aggressiveness, if it is simply the thing considered when comparing (Coates, 2015).


Hyde, Janet S. & Else-Quest, Nicole (2013; 8th ed.) Half the Human Experience: The Psychology of Women.  Cengage ISBN 13: 978-1-111-83382-4.

Lips, H. M. (2016). A new psychology of women: Gender, culture, and ethnicity. Waveland Press.

Bernay, T., & Cantor, D. (Eds.). (2013). The psychology of today’s woman: New psychoanalytic visions. Routledge.

Coates, J. (2015). Women, men and language: A sociolinguistic account of gender differences in language. Routledge.

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