Before Rising by Jai Jaikumar is about a mountain climbing trip with Jai and his friend. They were suppose to turnaround and head back to high camp due to safety considerations but decided to continue climbing since they were not tired and they were also experienced. After reaching the mountain summit they began their descent – the cornice fell through, resulting in Jai and his companion to be separated on the other side of the slope.
Jai fell on the snow in the Himalayas at close to 24,000 feet, and of the consequent 60-mile-per-hour ride down part of the side of the mountain losing nearly 3000 feet in altitude, and then a 24-hour trek through snow and ice apparently on a broken hip until he fell into the arms of a peasant woman who fed him and then carried him on her back feet by feet for three (3) days to a doctor in a neighboring village. The problem here was that Jai and his companion had originally set 1 p. m. as their “turnaround time,” the point at which considerations of safety dictate that climbers should abandon their ascent and head back to high camp.
However, the prospect of waiting a few more days to again challenge the summit held little appeal for Jai and his companion. The problem resulted from the fact that they should have followed the procedures and considerations set for the safety of climbers. If they had followed their initial decision to turn around at 1 p. m. , they would have abided by the safety measures that were dictated. Usually, when measures put in place it is to ensure the most efficient of results which in this case was to create a turnaround point that the climbers could see to ascend the mountain instead of feeling their way down as Jai and his companion did.
I would recommend two things to be done: firstly, they should have followed the initial precautions so that they would be able to better judge the cornice and hence would be obliged to find another route. Secondly, acknowledging the predictability and dangers of the cornice they knew that there were no prospective determinants of how far it extended from the rock or how much weight it could hold so when they acknowledged the dangers as they did – their initial thought should have been safety and then they both could clearly define an alternate route.
The moral aspect of this story is that of the shepherd woman who selflessly took up the fate of another individual as her personal responsibility. She realized that she had to help this stranger because she had the ability to do so. The woman refused to leave a stranger (Jai) until his journey was secured and then she refused Jai’s offer of payment for her kindness and generosity. This deed was done based on her obvious personal ethical values which proved to be moral.
The stakeholders are anyone who was affected by the decisions that were made, in this case Jai and his companion were the extreme stake holders and consequently it trickled down to a shepherd woman and eventually several others. Jai was affected most since all the decisions made affected him directly throughout the story. The shepherd woman, the village officials, and the physician were also affected and therefore can be considered stakeholders. The assumptions of Jai and his companion were that since they were both healthy and experienced at climbing despite their youth, when the 1 p. . turn around time came, the decision to press on had been easy to make, which was to continue on since the prospects of doing it another day held little appeal to both men. Their assumptions did affect the problem above, since they should have turned around due to the considerations of safety that dictated that climbers should abandon their ascent and head back to high camp, regardless of their assumption that they were both healthy and experienced at climbing.
If they had done so then there would have been a high probability that they would have been able to redefine their decision and assess the danger that was directly at hand. This situation occurred due to the fact that it was not safe at the point of their descending since it was failing light which made their march dangerous as they had to feel and tap their way through the ice with their ice picks to test the surface before them. The situation could have been avoided if they had followed their initial decision to turn around at 1 p. m. they should have done this because of the safety measures that were dictated. Jai and his companion may have made the decision to walk the cornice since it was already late getting back to the camp site. Their initial assessment was that they were healthy, experienced climbers who could accomplish the goal desired – they had to use their judgment and intuition at what was best for them at the moment. However, on the other hand, they broke a rule/law that was put in place for their safety. They should have been responsible enough to follow the correct procedures in order to accomplish a desired goal.
They should have turned around to the camp when it turned 1 p. m. and continued another day – here this decision resulted in an additional loss of four (4) days in excruciating pain and the loss of a close friend. Within these four days they would have accomplished their goals within reason that they did not break any rules. The moral of this story is to show that good fortune, success, and obligation were necessarily and inescapably connected and also to assess what the relationship between good fortune, and a moral obligation to other people could be.
The resulting factor could shape an individuals outlook on the relationship between privilege and responsibility and may bring the individual to a new passion altogether. Its purpose was to allow an individual to recognize how fragile their life was and how their personal circumstances could drastically change in an instant. After all this, Jai learnt that people do have compassion and also that you should not climb past your “turn around time” which can be interpreted to be that it is best not to give in to the temptation of breaking the rules in order to reach the mountain summit which was their goal.
“The Displaced: Refugee Writers on Refugee Lives”
“The Displaced: Refugee Writers on Refugee Lives”.
Why is it difficult for refugees to integrate into their new country? Why is their experience so different? “Otherness” –fear and trauma of what…Examples Language barriers, being poor, without work, trying to fit in, not knowing the customs of your new home and not knowing anyone, not knowing how to establish yourself, there are a lot of family members that were left behind, hard choices, different cultures –moving a lot FIND EVIDENCE FOR AT LEAST 4 OF THE POINTS THAT YOU ARE GOING TO MAKE IN YOUR ESSAY TO ANSWER THE QUESTION FOR EACH POINT –WE NEED TO HAVE 2 PIECES OF EVIDENCE (QUOTES) . IT CAN BE FROM DIFFERENT STORIES. EXAMPLE: 1. LOSS x 2 examples/quotes/ analysis 2. TRAUMA x 2 examples 3. FEAR x 2 examples 4. RESENTMENT x 2 examples Introduction: • Thesis statement –what question you are answering • Points you are going to make • No contractions • Introduce the book The Displaced –MLA Ed. • • Body paragraphs Evidence /quotes, you will need to introduce where those quotes are from, naming the essay, “title” author’s name MLA in text- Quotes “asdfaosdfjalsdkfjlej,” (last name Ed) Second source when there is an editor • Connect the evidence-analysis-back to the point, support your thesis=supporting your answer • Transitional sentences In conclusion –paragraph –beyond the summary of the essay. Work cited last page-MLA format How do we start? -statement about refugees -summary of the book -don’t put a question -Refugee definition -immigrant v. refugee
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