Get help from the best in academic writing.

A Comparative Study on Effectiveness argumentative essay help Political Science essay help

Background of the study District secretariat administration system plays a vital role in the decentralized administrative system in Sri Lanka. The district secretariat functions as administrative body of the district. The divisional secretariats are coming under the administration of district secretariat. Batticaloa district secretariat is a major part of the Eastern Province. Vision of Batticaloa district secretariat is “Uplifting the living standard of the people at Batticaloa district through excellent public services”.

And also its Mission is “engorging the living condition of the people of Batticaloa district by ensuring the excellent public services through and effecting divisional level development and administration”. (Batticaloa district secretariat Annual report, 2009). There are 14 divisional secretariat divisions in Batticaloa district secretariat. Those are Batticaloa, Koralai Pattu North, Koralai Pattu West, Koralai Pattu, Eravur Pattu, Eravur Town, Manmunai North, Manmunai West, Kattankudy, Manmunai Pattu, Porativu Pattu, Manmunai South, Eruvil Pattu, Koralai Pattu South. (Batticaloa district secretariat annual report, 2009).

Ampara district secretariat contains 19 divisional secretariats. Vision of . Ampara district secretariat is “Provision of qualitative and equal service to the people of all nationalities in the district, through an Efficient and Effective Process of administration”. Its Mission is “Co-coordinating Government Sector, privet sector and NGOS to archive create employment opportunities and ways of income, establish of well disciplined healthy society, protection and nourishment of the cultures inherited by all nationalities, and to minimize the environmental destruction coursed by various human activates”.

There are 20 DS divisions and those have been divided into two administrative areas. Those are Coastal divisions and other division. Twelve divisional secretariats are coming under coastal divisions. Those are Addalachchenai, Akkarapattu, Alayadivembu, Kalmunai(Mushlim), Kalmunai(Tamil), Sainthamaruthu, Karathivu, Ninthaur, Pottuvil, Samanthurai, Navithanveli, Thirukkovil. The following eight divisions are under the other divisions, Ampara, Damana, Dehiyathkandiya, Lahugala, Mahaoya, Padiyathalawa, Erakkamam, Uhana, (Ampara district secretariat annual report, 2009).

The finance branch of the district secretariat plays a vital role in the administrative progression of the district secretariat. It has an influential role as it handles the financial activities. Since it handles with the financial resources of the government, it is the responsibility of the finance branch to put into practice an efficient and effective financial management. To practice an efficient and effective financial management, a better financial control system must be in practice to coordinate the financial functions towards the achievement of the financial targets.

In the present business world, a lot of sophisticated computer software systems are in use in the financial management in the private sector, whereas most of the departmental organizations are operating with the manual systems in Sri Lanka. With the consideration of these, the responsibility lies with the hands of management to manage the financial resource efficiently with the help of said rules and regulations. 1. 2 Problem Statement

Even though Sri Lankan government has implemented several rules and regulations to carryout the financial control system effectively, number of frauds and mishandling of money are still occurring in government sector organization. As a result, Audit department interdicted several employees. Hence, this study tries to find the answer to the following research problem. To what extant financial control system is effectively practiced in divisional secretariats? 1. 3 Research questions Based on this research problem, this study extents to raise the following research questions. What is the level of control environment in financial control system (FCS) in divisional secretariats? • What is the level of internal control in FCS in divisional secretariats? • What is the level of financial planning in FCS in divisional secretariats? • What is the level of budgetary control in FCS in divisional secretariats? • What is the level of auditing in FCS in divisional secretariats? 1. 4 Objective of the study The main objective of the study is to examine the adequacy of implemented financial control system in Ampara and Batticaloa DS division.

Other sub objectices of the study are: • To understand the problems faced by the budget process between Ampara and Batticaloa DS division. • To understand the issues in the internal control system and internal audit between Ampara and Batticaloa DS division. 1. 5 Significance of the study All of us are paying taxes to the government in any form. The government must spend the funds in an efficient and effective manner. Small mistakes might be cause for a big problem. In this view the financial control systems must be effective in any aspects of management.

By evaluating the financial control system between Ampara and Batticalloa district divisional secretariat, the organization can identify the weaknesses of their system of financial control and the areas which are needed further improvements in the system. So they can make corrections and amendments in the procedures in the future. Moreover, the readers of the report could understand, how the district secretariats functioning in financial aspects. In addition, the general public of these districts will come to know about the financial control system of these district secretariats.

Benefits of the study. 1. Government • Through this research they could be find out which has inefficient financial control system. • They could be finding out where they make mistake in their financial control system. • Through this research finding they could be make the financial decisions. 2. Employers • To find out where thy make the mistakes by this research. • To developed their control system through this research. • It could be lead to the accounting procedure. 1. 6 Limitations of the Study • The researcher is focused only the accounts branch of these districts for the data collection.

Ethical Decisions in IT and System Requirements Specification

ompetencyIn this project, you will demonstrate your mastery of the following competency:
Develop a system requirements specification
ScenarioYou are employed as a systems engineer at Millennia HealthCenter (MHC), an organization in the healthcare industry that offers patient care in person and online. MHC will be implementing a new software system within the next three years, and you are the systems engineer leading the project. The software system that Millennia HealthCenter currently uses has several problems, as described in the business case document (see Supporting Materials section). MHC’s technical problems are reducing efficiencies, accuracies, and the quality of patient care. The vision and the ultimate goal of MHC is to effectively improve the patient’s health and well-being through innovative approaches in health information technology. The question is: as a systems engineer on this project, how will you design a new system to improve the patient’s experience?
To design a new system to sustain the vision of MHC, you will create a system requirements specification (SRS) document. The SRS will determine all aspects of the system that need to be considered prior to the start of the development process, from the perspective of the stakeholders. As you create this document, you will also have to make ethical decisions that consider legal, organizational, and industry considerations.
DirectionsReview all of the details of the software system outlined in the business case.Be sure to read through the entire case. You will refer to its specifics throughout your SRS, and you do not want to miss any important information.

Also in the Supporting Materials section:Watch all of the interviews with the stakeholders who will be using the software system once it is implemented.
Review the codes of ethics for the Association for Computing Machinery (ACM) and the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE).
Review the security guidelines regarding the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA) regulations.
Read the Workflow of Existing System and Processes document.

Download the System Requirements Specification Template, and develop its content.Fill out the sections in the template that apply to the specific system that is described in the scenario.
If you believe that a section does not apply to the system within the scenario, enter “Does not apply.”Provide a brief rationale as to why you believe that the section does not apply.

Your system requirements specification must include:An introduction, which may include:System purpose
System scope
System overview
System context
System functions
User characteristics

A description of functional system requirements that clearly explains how the functionality addresses the problem statement within the business case and meets the organizational vision
A description of the non-functional requirements, which includes:Usability requirements
Performance requirements

A description of other requirements, which may include:System interface
System operations
System modes and states
Physical characteristics
Environmental conditions

As you complete these sections of your SRS, pay particular attention to the interviews with stakeholders referred to in the Supporting Materials section of this document. Since you do not have access to the actual end users and other stakeholders of the system, you may use your judgment in specifying the precise nature of the capabilities that the users will need. If you have questions about system functions, you should research the nature of the user’s work, and you may also want to use your instructor as a resource.

As you develop the SRS, you will demonstrate how to make ethical decisions. Your SRS must also include:An explanation of the system security requirements, which includes how the system will need to sustain proper levels of security
A section on information management requirements, which determines how the system will need to manage and encrypt information between its databases, interaction with other systems, and interfaces, while considering the ethics of privacy
An explanation as to how the system must comply with organizational and federal policies and regulations requirements (e.g., HIPAA compliance)
An application of the ethical considerations throughout the SRS by addressing the codes of ethics for ACM and IEEE

After you have completed your SRS, submit your work for grading.
What to SubmitTo complete this project, you must submit the following:
System Requirements SpecificationUpload your SRS document, using the System Requirements SpecificationTemplate, in .doc or PDF format.
Supporting MaterialsThe following resource(s) may help support your work on the project:
Business Case for Millennia HealthCenterThis resource will provide you with context for Millennia HealthCenter, including the organizational background, the problems with the current system, and the vision of the new system. Without understanding the situational context, you will find it impossible to design a system that meets organizational needs.
Interviews with Stakeholders: [Doctor]Interviews with Stakeholders: [Nurse]Interviews with Stakeholders: [Business Admin]Interviews with Stakeholders: [Pharmacist]
For text versions of these interviews, click here.
These interviews with the stakeholders will provide you with more context on how the current system functions and how the new system should function. It is valuable to hear the perspectives of the doctor, nurses, business admin, and pharmacist because they will be the ones using the new software system.
Code of Ethics for the ACMThis resource directs you to the ACM Code of Ethics and Professional Conduct. As you develop your SRS, you will also have to abide by the ethics and conduct guidelines set forth by the ACM, a well-established organization that sets general ethical principles that technical professionals should consider.
Code of Ethics for the IEEEThis resource directs you to the IEEE Code of Ethics. As you develop your SRS, you will have to abide by the ethics set forth by the IEEE, the world’s largest technical professional organization for the advancement of technology. The IEEE establishes policies and standards that technical professionals should consider.
Summary of the HIPAA Security RuleThis resource reminds you of the importance of complying with the federal regulations for HIPAA.
Workflow of Existing System and ProcessesThis document captures the workflow of the existing system and MHC’s organizational processes. Read this resource to be informed about how the current system functions. As you develop the SRS for the new system, it is important that you understand the capabilities of the current system, how it currently runs, and how users engage with its features.
System Requirements Specification TemplateUse this template to complete this project. The template will guide you through all of the sections that you typically find in a standardized SRS document. This file will download as a .doc file onto your computer. As you make progress on it, be sure to save it every now and then.
Project One RubricCriteriaExemplary (100%)Proficient (85%)Needs Improvement (55%)Not Evident (0%)ValueIntroductionExceeds proficiency in an exceptionally clear, insightful, sophisticated, or creative mannerIdentifies the system specifications by providing background on the software systemShows progress toward proficiency, but with errors or omissions; areas for improvement may include system purpose, scope, overview, context, functions, and user characteristicsDoes not attempt criterion10Functional System RequirementsExceeds proficiency in an exceptionally clear, insightful, sophisticated, or creative mannerDescribes the functional requirements of the software systemShows progress toward proficiency, but with errors or omissions; areas for improvement may include clearly describing both how the system functions and how the functionality resolves the organizational problem statementDoes not attempt criterion20Non-Functional RequirementsExceeds proficiency in an exceptionally clear, insightful, sophisticated, or creative mannerDescribes the non-functional requirements of the software systemShows progress toward proficiency, but with errors or omissions; areas for improvement may include describing both usability requirements and performance requirementsDoes not attempt criterion10Other RequirementsExceeds proficiency in an exceptionally clear, insightful, sophisticated, or creative mannerDescribes the additional requirements of the software system that are not specific to functional or non-functional requirementsShows progress toward proficiency, but with errors or omissions; areas for improvement may include system interface, system operations, system modes and states, physical characteristics, and environmental conditionsDoes not attempt criterion10System Security RequirementsExceeds proficiency in an exceptionally clear, insightful, sophisticated, or creative mannerExplains how the software system will sustain proper levels of securityShows progress toward proficiency, but with errors or omissions; areas for improvement may include log-on procedures, password and data protectionDoes not attempt criterion10Information Management Requirements and PrivacyExceeds proficiency in an exceptionally clear, insightful, sophisticated, or creative mannerDetermines how the system will manage information between its databases, interaction with other systems, and interfaces, while considering the concerns of privacyShows progress toward proficiency, but with errors or omissions; areas for improvement may include clearly identifying the security and privacy process of the system, such as encryptionDoes not attempt criterion10Policies and Regulations RequirementsExceeds proficiency in an exceptionally clear, insightful, sophisticated, or creative mannerExplains how the system will comply with organizational and federal policies and regulationsShows progress toward proficiency, but with errors or omissions; areas for improvement may include explaining both organizational policies and regulations and federal policies and regulationsDoes not attempt criterion10Code of EthicsExceeds proficiency in an exceptionally clear, insightful, sophisticated, or creative mannerApplies ethical considerations throughout the SRS documentShows progress toward proficiency, but with errors or omissions; areas for improvement may include consideration of both the ACM and IEEE codes of ethicsDoes not attempt criterion10Articulation of ResponseExceeds proficiency in an exceptionally clear, insightful, sophisticated, or creative mannerClearly conveys meaning with correct grammar, sentence structure, and spelling, demonstrating an understanding of audience and purposeShows progress toward proficiency, but with errors in grammar, sentence structure, and spelling, negatively impacting readabilitySubmission has critical errors in grammar, sentence structure, and spelling, preventing understanding of ideas5Citations and AttributionsUses citations for ideas requiring attribution, with few or no minor errorsUses citations for ideas requiring attribution, with consistent minor errorsUses citations for ideas requiring attribution, with major errorsDoes not use citations for ideas requiring attribution5Total:100%