Alison J Smith Small Business Project I’ve never really put much though into the idea of owning my own small business. Although I have tremendous respect for the entrepreneurs that take that risk. Everyday at my job I work with small business owners and my mother even owns a small professional dog grooming business. They work very hard to keep their businesses afloat in tough economic times like these. Owning your own business might be rewarding but it is by no means easy especially when you are just starting out.
That is why I will hopefully run my own small business but perhaps only when I retire or if I leave the workplace to have children later in life. My business has a low profit margin, and it would be extremely difficult to survive solely off my businesses income. The business I would like to own someday would be to own an apiary (keeping honeybees). There are three classifications of Bee keepers; hobbyists, sideliners, and commercial keepers. Hobbyists usually only own a few hives and are not usually profitable because of the large initial cost of buying the bees, and buying/building the equipment.
Sideliners usually own enough hives that they are able to make a profit, and commercial keepers own several hundred or thousand hives. Only about 5% of beekeepers are commercial keepers but they product about 60% of the worlds honey. Someday, hopefully next year, I am going to start keeping bees at a small hobbyist level, but ideally I would become a sideliner someday and own over 100 colonies. I’m still thinking of a name for my business. Compared to many small businesses, bee keeping is relatively low operating costs.
Startup costs are the most expensive part of bee keeping and that is what keeps many hobbyists from becoming profitable. Generally for the bee keeping beginner you can but very basic hives, supers, smokers, and suits for under $200. Many beekeepers make or buy used hives to save money. The bees themselves will run about $100 for 3lbs of bees including one queen. Medicines, additional food, additional smoker fuel will all cost extra, however even if you buy top of the line new hive and additional bees startup costs will be under $500.
Honey is generally low profit but the price can vary greatly depending on the type of honey, and the geographical location. Organic honey in Europe sells for about three times more in the US because the demand is so high. In New England, raw summer wildflower (dark) honey can sell for about $8 a pound, and raw spring blossom (light) can sell for about $9 a pound. Flavored honey (based upon what flowers the bees are collecting from) like orange blossom, gallberry, blackberry, blueberry, buckwheat, and tupelo can cost upwards of $9 a pound.
And crystalized or creamed honey which is raw, unfiltered can run upwards of $15 a pound. Royal jelly, beeswax, and bee derived products like wax candles, skin creams, lip balms, soap can be produced cheaply. Mead (honey wine) can be fermented and sold in some states for between $10 and $100 a bottle. In this area of the country, each hive can make between 150 to 200 pounds of honey depending on the number of bees and the length of the season. If you harvest too much honey from the bees and there is a long winter you could lose your whole investment.
Break of profit (Gross) Honey produced (lbs): 100 Sale price (per lb): x8. 50 Gross Sales one season: $850. 00 After including the prices for packaging, farmer’s market booth fees, insurance, and equipment the net profit can be very low if not a profit loss. Most bee keepers run small ‘doing business as’ operations, and do not carry insurance because they feel safe in only selling to friends and family. However, if you sell your honey at farmer’s markets or at a farm stand insurance is a good idea. Policies vary greatly by state.
Many private bee keepers are protected by their homeowners insurance against damage to their hive, but if you are selling honey you are not protected against lawsuits for tainted honey, allergic reactions, etc. Many insurance companies offer ‘incidental farming liability coverage’ which can range from lower than $100 a year up to $500 a year. Because honey producing bees do not swarm and are generally docile (unless you attack the queen) lawsuits over stings are not as prominent as you would think and almost never successful. Keeping the ive on private homeowner’s insured property and putting up a sign is enough protection for many small time keepers. Farming can be the smallest of all small businesses. But it is possible to become profitable. You have to know how to make money and how to protect yourself from liability. You must also be willing to but in a lot of time and capital into starting up a small business. I believe that my small business could be profitable on a small scale because I have the tools needed to operate both a hive and a small business.
Directions. There are two excerpts provided: One from Sanders and one from Morreall. Choose one of the two excerpts and explain how that excerpt explains what you know about humor. In your response, you must address at least three of the following four questions associated with A-D below, noting what the excerpt says and what you believe about each of those three question in A-D. In other words, if you decided to answer A, B, and D, you’d tell me what the excerpt says about A, B, and D and what you think about A, B, and D. Do NOT use any outside sources (Sparknotes, Wikipedia, etc.). You have 2 hours to complete the exam, which is due by the last day of the semester. A. The ethical and/or moral role of joke producing and joke consuming. What should we laugh at? Why? What shouldn’t we laugh at? Why? What should and shouldn’t we joke about? Why? Remember to base your response on ONE of the theory excerpts and on your own experiences and observations. B. The psychological implications for joke producing and consuming. Why do we laugh? Why do we try to make others laugh? Remember to base your response on ONE of the theory excerpts and on your own experiences and observations. C. What makes humor writing humorous? Is it the unexpected? Is it its power to challenge people who have more power or status than we do? Its ability to illuminate through contrast and magnification? Something else? Remember to base your response on ONE of the theory excerpts and on your own experiences and observations. D. The value of humor. What good does humor do? Why is valuable for those who produce and those who consume? Define “value” in as many or as few ways as you can. Remember to base your response on ONE of the theory excerpts and on your own experiences and observations. Excerpt 1: From Sudden Glory: Laughter as Subversive History (1995) by Barry Sanders While theories of laughter have come from those in positions of authority, the laughs have come most powerfully, and thus most threateningly, from those who have occupied the underbelly of history, from those who have remained as historically anonymous as their laughs. So I ask you to listen in particular to those who have been denied access to writing…Every time someone like Plato advises against laughing to excess because it violates decorum or morality, imagine scores of common citizens cracking up for just those reasons. No sooner than the law tightens its rope, some smart alec will twist a noose into a loophole and make a clean getaway, laughing all the way to the border. [Those citizens are] best imagined as an ongoing carnival, a festival of fools, organized peasants, of the sort that constantly threaten to flip the world tupsy-turvy by sending boys to the throne as bishops, and by handing women the scepter as rulers of the realm…[by allowing the ‘inferior, less powerful’ member of society to ridicule the more powerful]. We begin to understand why people in positions of authority find laughter so offensive and threatening. By breaking the gestures of continuity and rhythm, both stumbler and cripple break something much more fundamental—the powerful and persistent grip that civilized behavior tightens around each and every one of our lives. Those breaks provide a vision, for the briefest moment, a glimpse of who we really are—not a robot, but just another animal, albeit with more intelligence and consciousness, [and one eager for freedom and equality]. Maintaining behavior stylized through social gesture requires effort; we must actively work at being graceful—not eat like pigs, rage like lions, or sneak around like sly and crafty foxes. We must be wary not to falter. We must hold ourselves erect. Bearing is all. Laughter thus arises, not merely from the delightful image of our unrestrained selves, but from the sheer relief that for the moment we can “let our hair down”—surely an animal image—and relax. At the same time, however, we also know that such exposure lays us wide open to judgment and possible ridicule. Stumblers and cripples often feel belittled; that’s Hobbes’ point [in the Superiority Theory]. So, if anyone has to fall, we would rather it be the other person, not us. We measure our own carefully articulated manners against their [the cripple/stumbler] failures; they let us know, not only who we are, but where we stand. In the modern world, we periodically envy those with more money or more status and pray for their downfall, their ultimate demise. Feeling that things are out of balance, we aim to get even, to set the pans of justice level again. What joy to see the other guy knocked down a peg or two. That desire to push our neighbor off balance is hinted at in the earliest philosophical discussion of the aggressive, hostile joke, with its punishing and painful punch line, a blow to the victim’s most vital parts—usually the ego—when he or she is least suspecting it. [L]aughter lightens the burden of reality. Laughter offers relief, at least for the moment, by allowing some breathing space, enabling the laugher to step back and to comment without uttering a single word, like a bear signaling displeasure with a growl, merely through the force of its own breath. That laugh holds the hope of political liberation; it suggests that the world does not have to be accepted at face value. Instead, it can be laughed off, turned aside, and kept at bay.
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