I’m working on a biology writing question and need a sample draft to help me learn.
For the second portion of the assignment for this week you will need to complete the writing assignment as outlined below:No more than three pages, typed, written in paragraph format (not with bullets or in “recipe” format)Grammar and spelling count10points, due electronically before 1159pm on Sunday, 9/6.Submit to link on the BIO182 Canvas site in the Modules → Scientific Method areaNot a group assignment, everyone is expected to work independently Do you believe in ghosts? Bigfoot? Alien abductions? If you said yes to any of these, you’re not alone. Many people hold beliefs about the existence of paranormal phenomena. However, many of these things cannot and have not been supported by scientific evidence. Though many people (even well-respected people) claim that science can prove the existence of the phenomena, many of their arguments fall flat in the face of critical thinking. While certainly there is nothing wrong in believing in these things, it’s important to distinguish what science is and how it is used to discover patterns and knowledge about the world around us. Science is based on natural and predictable phenomena that can be tested according to the scientific method with good experimental designs. Choose a topic that is considered to be in the realm of the paranormal, such as alien abductions, ESP, or ghosts.Compile a short list (three or four) of claims about the topic and list evidence used by others to support the existence of the phenomena. You can use various websites and your own knowledge base to compile this list. For instance, if doing a report on UFO sightings some of the claims could be eyewitness accounts, video/photographic footage. Focus on a single item of the phenomenon and then ask a question about this topic that could be tested by the scientific process. List the independent and dependent variables for your question.Think about confounding variables and how you might control for them in your experiment (controls).Construct a hypothesis that addresses your research question (meaning the hypothesis must be a tentative prediction about the question).You will then need to come up with an experiment design to test your hypothesis without relying on weak arguments normally utilized for paranormal occurrences. In your experimental design you must be able to: systematically and precisely manipulate the independent variable, precisely measure the dependent variable, and control any potential confounding variables. Use the scientific method and scientific processes to propose a research method that could support/refute the existence of the phenomenon. Your experimental design must be detailed enough so another individual could complete the experiment without any assistance/instructions from you. The design must implicitly state the dependent and independent variables and controls. The only limits of equipment or materials you have for the experiment are those that are actually found in “real life” – nothing that is made up or theoretical. Make sure to address experimental treatment groups (including a control group) and replicates.Write a Scientific Research Proposal in the format posted on Canvas in Modules-Lab Information-Week 2.Make sure to cite any sources you use in your paper.
BIO 182 Maricopa Community Colleges Mesa Do You Believe in Ghost Research Paper
For sparse data, discuss why considering only the presence of non-zero values might give a more accurate view of the objects than considering the actual magnitudes of values. When would such an approach not be desirable?Describe the change in the time complexity of K-means as the number of clusters to be found increases.Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of treating clustering as an optimization problem. Among other factors, consider efficiency, non-determinism, and whether an optimization-based approach captures all types of clusterings that are of interest.What is the time and space complexity of fuzzy c-means? Of SOM? How do these complexities compare to those of K-means?Explain the difference between likelihood and probability.Give an example of a set of clusters in which merging based on the closeness of clusters leads to a more natural set of clusters than merging based on the strength of connection (interconnectedness) of clusters
Cumberland University Data Mining Likelihood and Probability Paper
Understand The Organizational Purposes Of Businesses Commerce Essay
There are many types of organizations which categorize according their purpose of creation, their goals and objectives, and their interests. Some organizations are created to earn profit, some are built to support mankind in form of jobs, and some are non-profit organizations who work for some good cause (Coe, 1999, P 110-23). Let us discuss some different types of organizations with their targeted aims and purposes for which they exist. Legal structure:- It is a type of organization whose mission or goal is to provide help to peoples in getting justice. They ensure laws and rules within a society. Private company: This type of organizations has different mission and vision statements such as to become market leader or to produce quality products efficiently at low cost. However they have only one real goal which is to earn money (Jossey, 1999, P 325-35). Public company: This type of organizations whose purpose of existence is to provide jobs and other benefits to public of the society. These organizations mostly controlled by government but a good percentage of these organizations share are owned by peoples of society in which it runs. Government Government organizations are always ruled by the government officials. The purpose of existence of this type of organizations is to provide money to the government so that it can perform their function effectively and serve peoples of society with economic development and number of jobs (Bruns, 1993, P 101-113). Voluntary organization: These organizations work voluntarily for government or for good cause. Their goals are different but purpose is to provide help to other organizations so that they can effectively work. Charitable organization: These types of organizations have only one purpose to support peoples who cannot work or poor in wealth. They based on the charity given by government or other stable organizations for supporting mankind or for any other good cause. Describe the extent to which an organization meets the objectives of different stakeholders Stake holders play a very important role for an organization. These are the peoples or organizations which have some interest in the business of organization. Ideally all organizations wants to satisfy the needs of every stake holder completely, but practically it is impossible to achieve full satisfaction of each and every stake holder due to political, social and environmental effects of society on business of organization (Jossey, 1999, P 325-35). Therefore, it is an important to satisfy the needs of stake holders for any organization up to maximum level. The extent to which an organization meets the needs of their stake holders is basically an indicator that determines organizations performance in their business. Those organizations that performed well and show excellent performance can easily meet the objectives and needs of stake holders up to maximum level (Duncan, 1989). Therefore, there should be an optimize level when achieving needs or meeting objectives of stake holders followed by the organization to make organization successful with excellent and satisfied performance. Explain the responsibilities of an organization and strategies employed to meet them Organizations doing business in a society must have to understand their responsibilities related to the society, towards the society peopleâ€™s health, safety and prosperity so that they can meet their basic needs with the help of organization as different forms of stake holders (Ammons, 1995, P 37-47). In addition with this, there are also some other responsibilities of organization related to the nation or region in which it operate their business which includes its effect on global warming and on environment of society. Every organization must have to consider and fulfill their responsibilities to avoid any conflict and risk (Boone, 1996, P 10-12). There are many strategies available to meet these responsibilities according to the severity of responsibility or stake holders whose responsibilities are concerned. To fulfill responsibility towards environment of society or region, organization must have to sign and employed environmental legislation (Overman, 1994, P 193-96). Similarly an organization has to employed health and safety legislation to fulfill responsibility related to society peopleâ€™s health and safety. In addition with this, certain other strategies such as employee legislation, customer legislation and compliance legislations are employed by the organizations to assure that organization fulfills its responsibility towards society honestly and completely (Newcomer, 1997, P 5-13). How economic systems attempt to allocate resources effectively Economic system of a nation determines its structure, how a nation allocates its resources and how it ensures economic activities within the country or nation (Bloom, 2003). There are three types of economic systems which include mixed economy, market economy and centrally planned economy (Wallace, 1990). In centrally planned economic system all the resources and structures of the nation are rules and controlled by the government itself without allowing others to interfering in these matters. This system fails in developing good economic value, providing enough incentives, achieving fast growth, and also in satisfying need of consumers (Jorgenson, 2006). In a combination of controlled and free economic system commonly known as â€œmixed economic systemâ€, all the resources are allocated by joint venture of government and private sector organizations. This is the highly effective and mostly used economic system all over the world especially in Europe (Vig, 1999). In this system resources are divided equally between two governing parties. This system is also called privatization. Last type of economic system is market economy in which government has not rules any resource and all governing rights are delivered to private sector. Mostly countries employed mixed economic system to allocate resources within the country as it includes governing of government which is actually ruler and private organizations that can invest and provide different effective ways to make economic system successful (Guy, 2009). Impact of fiscal and monetary policy on business organizations and their activities Fiscal and monetary policy determines the flow of capital and payment procedures for different economic activities. The most important thing that affects directly business organizations and economic activities within the country is the interest rate which is determined by these policies. As interest rate is a very important factor for an industrialist of business man to run their business within the boundaries of any country; therefore, fiscal and monetary policy can affect negatively as well as positively to the business of organizations. These policies are specifically designed to enhance the economic cycle running within the organization and ensure that money must regulate between the peoples; therefore, fiscal policy as well as monetary policies always considered by the organizations management before starting business in any specific region or country (McFall, 2002). Evaluate the impact of competition policy and other regulatory mechanisms on the activities of a selected organization Like other policies of an organization, competition policy also plays a vital role in their growth as it explains how organization going to compete with other organizations present in the same market. There is a huge impact of competition policy on operations and working of an organization. The ideal aim of competition policy is to give competitive advantage to the organization so that it can easily and effectively compete in any market (American Economic Association, 1991). Let us consider the previous example of Tata Nano to evaluate the impact of competition policy for this organization of Tata motors. In the case of Tata Nano, competition policy of Tata motors is based on price competitiveness to give Tata motors competitive advantage for this car. Competition policy uses by Tata motors becomes successful in case of Tata Nano which gives this company a boost in their profits and demand of this car. The policy for competition of Tata motors also include a step of launching and start production of this car from two different locations in Singapore and India. From India they try to fulfill demands of Asian countries and from Singapore they try to fulfill demands of European market (Justin, 2009, P 1-3). In this way, Tata motors successfully implements their competition policy through selling Tata Nano from two different locations at very cheap rate to achieve competitive advantage. The policies of Tata motors for Tata Nano are considered as a landmark in competition policies history due to its success rate (Palley, 2009, P 35-39). Explain how market structures determine the pricing and output decisions of businesses The pricing and production or output decisions are based on the market structure. This means that if the market has low competition then price may set high and vice versa (Naylor, 1983). Similarly if the market is highly competitive then price depends on quality of product and current position of product in the market. If customers ready to buy product at high price due to its quality, then high price is okay, otherwise price must be down to compete with other products effectively. In addition with above factor of competition in the market, there are also some other types of markets which also take part in pricing of a product. These include market in which organizations product can claim competitive advantage, high growth possibility in the market and a perfect competitive market (Gibson, 1991). In above all mentioned markets on which pricing and output decision matters, every one organization wants competitive advantage and low competition in market so that they can claim high profit on its product. Illustrate the way in which market forces shape organizational responses using a range of examples Market forces are the only parameters or factors that define response of an organization which is also an intelligent need. This is need because those organizations who based their responses such as editing their policies related to marketing or related to customer satisfaction, can effectively manage their organizations to receive considerable growth within limited time (March, 1985). Market forces such as supply and demand facts and figures are very important factors. These factors helps in deciding production rate, supply rate and demand rate, and also rate at which marketing will be done for respective product. In this way through providing some factors, these market forces shapes determines response of an organizational response. Let us consider an example of Tata Nano which is an ultimate low price car of Tata motors. When Tata motors launches this car they face a serious crises of low production. In this case, the market force of high demand of this car makes Tata motors to give response in a way to increase the production and they finally increase their production from 100 cars to 1200 cars per month which is a very big change made by market force of high demand (Ogilvy Public Relations Worldwide, 2009, P 27-31). How the business and cultural environments shape the behavior of a selected organization Culture of any organization is very important not only to ensure its stability but also to ensure its growth. It helps organization to face and deal with new challenges. It also helps to develop and transform organization for any needed and required change. Business and cultural environment must be diversified and effective so that it cannot conflict with organizational goals and objectives (Katz, 1987). Cultural diversity is very important factor that helps peoples from different cultural background in their working and allow them to work at the same place effectively. If an organization fails in achieving diversity or if an organization cannot integrate diversity in its culture then it may ruin complete process of sharing information or training within the organization. The reason of this serious result is that diversity reduces and eliminates communication gaps between employees which affect training and learning process of employees and these affect will ruin the organizations growth. Significance of international trade to UK business organizations International trade is very beneficial and profitable for any organization either it is in UK, USA or in any other country. It allows the organizations to sell their products at a good rate to earn extra and considerable profit which cannot be earned after selling products at local scale or local level. Due to this approach or extreme profitable benefits of International trade, most of the organizations prefer to do business at international level instead of selling product or doing business at local or national level (Wohlmeyer, 2002). For UK business organizations it is also a very good approach as it gives some extra profit to them for the same product or service they offer. In addition with this, there are also other benefits that can be achieved with this approach. These benefits include low labor cost, low material cost and low transportation cost. These benefits cannot be achieved during running business at national level (Litterer, 1993). If UK business organizations start doing business at International level then they can easily reduce cost of their products after saving huge cost of transport which they pay before to collect raw material from different parts of the world. Similarly, if UK business organizations take this step then they can also achieve advantage of competitive and efficient buying of raw material for their organization. Impact of global factors on UK business organizations There is a huge impact of global factors on UK business organizations like other countries organizations that runs business at International level. Similarly there is also a huge list of factors that affects the business of organizations in UK. These factors primarily include International trade and the UK economy, market opportunities, global growth, World Trade Organization (WTO), emerging markets, global oil prices, global terrorism and others (Cascio, 1999). In addition with this, there are also many factors that have a good impact on UK business and UK business organizations. If some market opportunities are present in any part of the world, then like other countries, UK organizations also try to avail that opportunity to gain more and more profit. Similarly other factor such as global growth and terrorism are some factors which not only affects UK business organizations but also affect all the businesses running all over the world. In addition with this, another important factor that affects the UK business most is the stability of Euro and currency in which the trade is done between UK organizations and other organizations located outside UK. Impact of policies of the European Union on UK business organizations Every European Union policy plays a very important role in defining and determining the business or organizations doing business within the UK. Like any other European country, UK is also affected by their policies as European Union policies are always designed to promote the business relationship with in the European countries and to ensure economic development all over the Europe (Helpman, 1991). The decision take by the European Union related to the trade done by the or between the European states is based on the social, economic, political and environmental conditions; therefore, these decisions not only affect the profit but also affect the market of the businesses. For example, if European Union after considering air pollution decides to allow only electric cars or hybrid cars to run inside Europe, then it is the opportunity for Hybrid car manufacturers but it is devastating news for regular cars manufacturer. Therefore, European Union policies have a very clear and dominant effect on UK business as it based on different factors which affects Europe.
CJS 221 University of Phoenix Consequences of Pretrial Detention Questions
cheap assignment writing service CJS 221 University of Phoenix Consequences of Pretrial Detention Questions.
Part 1:Respond to the following in a minimum of 175 words: What are the consequences of pretrial detention?How could the bail system be reformed to reduce this disparity?Part 2:Research the Brock Turner and Corey Batey cases and their sentences for background information.Research 1 article that discusses an issue or concern related to the sentencing of someone who committed a crime.Write a 350- to 700-word summary in which you: Explain the crime that was committed and the sentence the individual was given.Describe the person’s racial and ethnic background.Explain the issue or concern related to the court’s sentence for the crime.Provide data as to why there is an issue with the sentence.Cite sources to support your assignment.Format your assignment according to APA guidelines.
CJS 221 University of Phoenix Consequences of Pretrial Detention Questions
University of Oxford Wk 4 US Federal Bureaucracy and Public Policy Worksheet
University of Oxford Wk 4 US Federal Bureaucracy and Public Policy Worksheet.
U.S. Federal Bureaucracy and Public Policy WorksheetPart I:Review the 15 executive departments listed below, and select 5 of them:U.S. Department of State U.S. Department of the TreasuryU.S. Department of Defense U.S. Department of Justice *U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Department of Agriculture U.S. Department of Commerce U.S. Department of Labor *U.S. Department of Transportation U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development *U.S. Department of Health and Human Services *U.S. Department of Energy U.S. Department of Education *U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs U.S. Department of Homeland SecurityUse the departments you selected to complete the matrix below. Consider how these agencies may affect you personally and professionally. Major Federal DepartmentSub-Departments (List at Least 3)Identify Departments’ FunctionsSample: U.S. Department of the InteriorNational Park Service, Bureau of Land Management, Bureau of Indian Affairs They oversee the National Parks, manage land resources and potential protected lands, and oversee Native American affairs and needs.Part II:Complete the following question and summaries.Summarize the 5 departments you selected in a minimum of 90 words.How do the 5 departments and their polices affect you personally, professionally, or both? Summarize how the policies affect you in a minimum of 90 words.
University of Oxford Wk 4 US Federal Bureaucracy and Public Policy Worksheet
197 Small reading response
197 Small reading response. I need an explanation for this Article Writing question to help me study.
Only 1 page, 2 paragraphs. MLA double space
Read the Example carefully, your response should just like the Example.
You need to use at least 3 reading in your response. No outside sources.
Also check the lecture.
Write a question in the end for discussion like the example.
Reading response prompts:(Choose ONLY ONE Prompt)
referencing readings and pose new questions or issues for discussion.
1. Is rioting a rational response to perceived unfairness or grievances? Why or why not?
2. Riots and communal violence often result from cycles of suspicion and vengeance between groups. After a riot or battle, what might communities, governments, or outside actors be able to do to break the cycle?
3. If politicians or governments are often involved in inciting riots or are complicit in them, are there ways for other actors to stop this or to hold politicians and governments accountable?
4. Does social media make riots and communal violence more or less likely?
197 Small reading response
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