3 articles on project selection methodologies, and then prepare a PowerPoint presentation. The presentation should discuss the importance of project selection methodologies, how the right projects are selected, and why that is both imp. I need help with a Management question. All explanations and answers will be used to help me learn.
Slide 1: Title slide
Contains your topic title, your name, and the course
Slide 2: Introduction slide
Should discuss the importance of project selection methodologies based on your article analyses and findings
Should contain at least 150 words of speaker notes
Slides 3–9 (or more): Content slides
Discuss how the right projects are selected and why that is both important and difficult
Discuss at least 2 qualitative and 2 quantitative project selection methods (1 slide per method)
Provide examples to demonstrate your understanding of the type and significance of the different project management selection methods
Should contain at least 150 words of speaker notes, per slide
Final slide(s): Reference slide(s)
List your references according to APA style
3 articles on project selection methodologies, and then prepare a PowerPoint presentation. The presentation should discuss the importance of project selection methodologies, how the right projects are selected, and why that is both imp
PSY 638 SNHU Module Nine and Propose Industry for Educators Discussion.
After reading the Module Nine articles (ATTACHED), address the various child and adolescent learning disorders and propose a new industry standard for educators and school districts. Highlight the different methodologies available and justify one for the new industry standards you are proposing.Take into account what offerings are currently available and how school districts, teachers, and administration can help to improve overall school achievement. Discuss the child and adolescent development resources in the educational support system which should encompass accessibility, organizational structure, and funding to support a newly implemented industry standard.In response to your peers, evaluate their proposals and highlight their proposal’s biggest strength and biggest weakness. Offer one suggestion on how to improve the weakness you noted.To complete this assignment, review the Discussion Rubric document.AFTER COMPLETING THE INITIAL POST (200 WORDS), PLEASE ALSO RESPOND TO THE FOLLOWING TWO STUDENTS REGARDING THE SAME TOPIC (150 WORDS EACH)! STUDENT ONE:Children with learning disabilities have immense difficulty integrating their disability into their continual emerging self-concept and could possibly resort to denial toward lifetime psychiatric disorders (Lange & Thompson, 2006). It is important for the children to be in a more conducive learning environment to ease the overall difficulty of possessing a learning disability. Classroom placement is something educators should consider in any setting. With the prevalence of learning disorders being on the rise, schools and other educational boards should strongly consider how to provide the best form of education to adolescents with learning disabilities. Evidence has proved that inclusive or blended classroom settings for children and adolescents would be a great idea. Inclusive classroom settings are better for both children with and without learning disabilities because they get the chance to interact and learn from one another. Winerip’s article regarding classroom inclusion is one example on how children thrive in an inclusive environment with a proper mix of students, in comparison to a classroom with only students who suffer with learning disabilities (Winerip, 2005). One adolescent learning disorder that many seem to struggle with is dyslexia and ADHD. This affects the attention and academic performance of 5% of worldwide school age children (Brahmbhatt et al., 2016). Sufficient training from the educator standpoint would help with the overall inclusion of the students to promote peer-to-peer learning and cognitive stimulation. References:Brahmbhatt, K., Hilty, D. M., Hah, M., Han, J., Angkustsiri, K., & Schweitzer, J. B. (2016). Diagnosis and Treatment of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder During Adolescence in the Primary Care Setting: A Concise Review. The Journal of adolescent health : official publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine, 59(2), 135–143. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2016.03.025Lange, S.M., & Thompson, B. (2006). EARLY IDENTIFICATION AND INTERVENTIONS FOR CHILDREN AT RISK FOR LEARNING DISABILITIES.Winerip, Michael. “Learning-Disabled Students Blossom in Blended Classes.” New York Times 30 Nov. 2005: B9(L). Business Insights: Global. Web. 21 Aug. 2020.STUDENT TWO:There are numerous learning disabilities that effect our children and adolescents. Some of those learning disabilities include but are not limited to: dyslexia, ADD/ADHD, processing deficits, dyscalculia. Early identification to any child or adolescent learning disability is crucial in getting them the additional help that they may require. This is why it is super important for all educators to be given the knowledge to see signs and indicators in child or adolescent who may be struggling. I know that our school systems have IEP’s in place (individual education plan), but these are not always enough. For example, my daughter was in speech therapy on and IEP for k-2. When she first started her speech therapy, the speech therapist and a group of children that she would see at one time. When we realized that my daughter not only needed help with speech, but that she also suffered from a bit of social anxiety. The group setting did not work out for her in the beginning. Once a one-on-one approach was taken, the therapy was far more effective. “The U.S. Department of Education’s Sixth Annual Report to Congress (1984) stated that prevalence has doubled in the past ten years and more than 40% of all pupils served in special education programs are classified as learning disabled. This represents 4% of all school children nationally. States report that the prevalence of learning disabilities ranges from 26% to 64% of the special education population” (Chalfant, 1989). The stigma surrounding learning disabilities is also an issue with children and adolescents. Some fear they will be teased for learning differently. Being taken out of the classroom while the rest of their peers get to stay can make that child or adolescent self-conscious. There was a study conducted on students on comparing inclusive general education classrooms and special education classrooms. The results concluded that there was no significant differences between the two classroom settings. ” In this study, we examined the placement patterns of 57 high school students with SLD. Overall, with the exception of one comparison, we found no statistically significant differences in the academic performance of students with SLD for reading or math” (Fore, et at., 2008).ReferencesChalfant, J. C. (1989). Learning disabilities: Policy issues and promising approaches. American Psychologist, 44(2), 392–398. https://doi-org.ezproxy.snhu.edu/10.1037/0003-066X.44.2.392Fore, I. C., Hagan-Burke, S., Burke, M. D., Boon, R. T., & Smith, S. (2008). Academic Achievement and Class Placement in High School: Do Students with Learning Disabilities Achieve More in One Class Placement Than Another? Education & Treatment of Children (West Virginia University Press), 31(1), 55–72. https://doi-org.ezproxy.snhu.edu/10.1353/etc.0.0018Wallace, A. J., M.D. (2005). Early identification of learning disorders helps children succeed. Pediatric Annals, 34(4), 328-9. Retrieved from https://ezproxy.snhu.edu/login?qurl=https%3A%2F%2Fsearch.proquest.com%2Fdocview%2F217563432%3Faccountid%3D3783
Introduction Children nutrition during their first 1000 days is significant to their body development, especially for their brain development. adequate nutrition could be obtained from either breast milk or fortified milk. In further, an improved cognitive function has been observed in both term and preterm infants fed with breast milk when compared with formula. Nevertheless, pregnant women are still susceptible to vitamin B12 deficiency and iodine deficiency in severe areas, and preterm infants are susceptible to docosahexaenoic acid deficiency. Various nutrients requirement might be depended on two parts, postnatal health outcome, and gene expression or molecule mechanisms related to key regions of the cerebral cortex. Traditional maternal diet among poverty areas, or lacking related high-education or ignorance of nutrition needs could influence infant intake of certain nutrients such as zinc and protein. Therefore, within two years old, especially the first year of infant, in order to maintain adequate nutrition, from both breast milk and formula such as fatty acid, vitamin A, B6 and B12, amino acid such as glutamine, iron, iodine, choline and folic acid, dietary supplement might be suggested by their health care professionals1,2. Here, two common questions will be replied in the following part, what kind of DS could/should be taken by pregnant women, what kind of nutrients should be added in fortified formula or breast milk to maintain infant brain development after delivery? Therefore the following 4 dietary supplements would be good implications for pregnant moms and fortified milk manufactures, and future research directions. Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), a long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid is one of the membrane composition of brain tissue 3. DHA is beneficial to improve hippocampal function related to cognitive health in children of school age4. Preterm (< 37 weeks) infants have a higher risk of impaired brain development when compared with term infants, almost half of preterm infants (< 28 weeks) have impaired neurodevelopment in 20105 Since preterm infants could not get adequate DHA from maternal utero, Supplementation of DHA might improve brain development among infants6. DHA accumulates in the frontal Robes of the fetal brain during the last trimester of pregnancy. Their deficiency might cause aged cerebral by delayed membranes metabolism. DHA might not have apparent benefits on the infant’s brain. A randomized prospective study of DHA given to pregnant women with 400 mg/d from 16 weeks of gestation has shown benefits in infants, including visual acuity at 2 months old and higher receptive and expressive language skills at 18 months old measured by Bayley Scales of Infant Development7. Results from a self-questionnaire among 1516 healthy pregnant women who take DHA during their pregnancy have shown that improved brain development and increased height and head circumference among infants8. Another meta-analysis study among 34 RCT has shown that crystallized intelligence, improved fluid intelligence with supplemented Long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFA)6. However, a randomized clinical trial among toddlers born preterm infants with 200 mg/d DHA supplementation in their feeding diet has shown that DHA might not improve cognitive development on term infants9. Even a negative effect of DHA taken by pregnant women on childhood neurodevelopment has been reported10. Iodine Iodine deficiency, combined with a low level of thyroid hormones might cause infant impaired brain development. Besides, severe iodine deficiency may cause cretinism, manifested in impaired speaking ability and etc. Urine Iodine Concentration (UIC)< 150 µg/L has been defined as iodine deficiency in pregnancy by the World Health Organization. Therefore, it is of significance to maintain an adequate level of iodine in the maternal diet and infant13,14. It has also revealed an adverse outcome point-lower expressive language skills of iodine (<100 µg/L measured by UIC) intake up to 18 months pregnancy. As for the mechanism between iodine and infant neurodevelopment, iodine helps to synthesize thyroid hormones, triiodothyronine T3 and thyroxine T4 in brain development, especially during the first pregnant trimester. Iodine supplementation during pregnancy might not have a significant advantage to infant cognitive enhancement. A population-based cohort research among 851 Norway mother-infant pairs has shown that mild-to-moderate maternal iodine deficiency (<78 µg/L, most up to 18 months of pregnancy) is measured through UIC, and significantly increased infant neurodevelopment at 5 and 12 months is measured through the Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development (Bayley- III), including increased receptive and expressive communication, however, with reduced cognitive or motor development. Due to missing rescue time of vital stage in brain development, none apparent changes in brain development in infants with iodine supplementation among pregnant women has been detected, even if a lower gross motor development in infants has been detected with low iodine supplementation (150 µg to 200 µg) among a small proportion of pregnant women (18%) 13. The same conclusion of a study among 6-18 months old infants has been got in mild-to-moderate iodine deficiency area-Spanish.15 Instead of huge low-income moms in this study, a population with adjusted socioeconomic bias should be selected as future main subjects aimed for accurate relations between iodine intake and outcome. A similar outcome has also been proved in Chinese children of 18 months and 2 years old, with 187.8 μg/L colostrum iodine level measured among 150 women16. However, a recent meta-analysis has shown an association between maternal of mild-to-moderate iodine deficiency and impaired child brain development17. Besides, hypothyroidism might be induced by iodine deficiency (<70 μg/d) Glutamine Since it is during infant stage that the vital process of gut colonization and brain development will occur, and thus relations between the intestinal microbiome and infant brain development have been focused on19. Impaired cognitive development of preterm infants is related to a low level of glutamine20. As for the mechanism between glutamine and brain development, gut-immune-brain axis might be a potential theory. Glutamine has been proved to protect brain health by preventing neonatal infection induced by pathogens, achieved through maintaining gut health21. Parental or enteral glutamine supplementation might be beneficial to very low birth weight (VLBW) infants on increased morbidity and improved growth outcome. A long-term outcome study has shown that taking enteral glutamine supplementation during Day 3 to day 30 (0.3 g/kg per day) has no apparent beneficial or adverse effects on cognitive improvement for pre-term (< 32 weeks) and/ or very low birth weight (VLBW, <1500 g) 64 children at around 7 years old (their school age), indicating its safety at least for around 7 years22. However, there is still not enough research about the efficacy of glutamine supplementation on infant brain development, this might be caused by several reasons, such as varying doses and injected time, duration time and cognitive measurement. Studies on neurodevelopment follow-up could be conducted to obtain the safety report of glutamine intake. Bovine Milk Fat Globule Membrane(BFGM) Formula supplemented with Bovine milk fat globule membrane (BFGM) might be beneficial to cognitive improvement. sphingomyelin (SM), one of the brain cell membrane, is composed of BFGM. SM-supplemented breast milk (20% of phospholipids) has been found to improve neurodevelopmental in 24 VLBW infants, showing an increased SMs level and a better score of Visual evoked potentials (VEPs)- increased neurotransmitter without any side effects on preterm infants23. Besides, a double-blinded randomized study on 160 infants using 6 months supplemented formula might show some benefits of BFGM with infant cognitive enhancement when compared with standard formulas24. Results have revealed a significant change in infant plasma lipidomes, such as an increased level of phosphatidylcholines(PC) and altered content of SMs, indicating the positive effect of BFGM on cognitive development. Although lipid metabolism and further outcome on infant cognitive enhancement are needed to be investigated, SMs has been proved to have none side effects on preterm infants23. The formula contained Sphingomyelin, iron, choline and DHA 11 Choline might support infant myelination, there’s a formula patent added with choline (30-300 mg/100g). Besides, folic acid added here has an amount of at least 50 -500 mcg/100g. The effect of this formula (SMs, iron, choline, DHA) on myelination has been observed similar to the effect of the first month breastfed infants. High myelin content has been detected by Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) brain scans for 7 days among infants, and their elevated cognitive abilities including gross motor, visual reception, and language (expressive and receptive and learning abilities have been tested through Mullen Scales of Early Learning. Conclusion Although it might be effective on improved infant visual acuity with maternal intake of DHA, enhanced cognitive development has only been found in older ages-children, the reason might be inefficient infant cognitive tests. For pregnant women, Nordic Naturals ProOmega for 180 Soft gels is my suggested fish oil brand. After delivery, it’s better to add adequate DHA in formula or breast milk. Here are two examples for the term and preterm infants, especially for pre-term ones, the amount of DHA in an infant formula patent is between 30-300mg/100g11. DHA of 9 mg/100 mL has been added in formula supplemented with milk fat globule mMFGM12. Since outcomes of severe deficient iodine have been solved in most of the area, so people start to concentrate on mild-to-moderate areas. Recommended Dietary Allowance for infants is 110 mcg (0-6 months) and 130mcg (6-12months)6. Recommended doses of iodine added in the formula for infants between 2-5 months old is 70 μg/d18. Since iodized salt is a better source of iodine than a dietary supplement, I would not recommend dietary supplement contained iodine. Besides, in order to improve the efficacy of iodine on the neurodevelopment of infants, certain intake doses and duration of iodine sources are also needed. I think glutamine supplementation such as L-Glutamine powder from Pure Encapsulations, could be used because it is basically safe. Glutamine could be added L-glutamine < 9g/d of a mother or breast milk or formula to ensure gut microbiome balance and possible brain development. Since SMs (200mg-2g /kg) has been added in infant formula as a patent11. BFGM (4%(wt/wt) of the total protein) has been added in experimental formula 24 (Arla Foods ingredients, Viby, Denmark). Therefore it is possible to add milk polar lipid supplementation in infant diet. References Bar S, Milanaik R, Adesman A. Long- term neurodevelopmental benefits of breastfeeding. Current Opin Pediatr. 2016;28(4):559–566. doi: 10.1097/MOP.0000000000000389. Belfort MB, Anderson PJ, Nowak VA, et al. Breast milk feeding, brain development, and neurocognitive outcomes: a 7-year longitudinal study in infants born at less than 30 weeks’ gestation. J Pediatr. 2016;177: 133–139.e1 doi: 10.1016/j.jpeds.2016.06.045 Meldrum S1, Simmer K. Docosahexaenoic Acid and Neurodvelopmental Outcomes of Term Infants. Ann Nutr Metab. 2016;69 Suppl 1:22-28. Baym CL, Khan NA, Monti JM. et al. Dietary lipids are differentially associated with hippocampal-dependent relational memory in prepubescent children. Am J Clin Nutr. 2014 May;99(5):1026-32. doi: 10.3945/ajcn.113.079624. Blencowe H, Lee AC, Cousens S, et al. Preterm birth-associated neurodevelopmental impairment estimates at regionaland global levels for 2010. Pediatr Res. 2013 Dec;74 Suppl 1:17-34. doi: 10.1038/pr.2013.204. Kerr-Wilson CO, Mackay DF, Smith GC, et al. Meta-analysis of the association between preterm delivery and intelligence. J Public Health. 2012; 34:209–16. 10.1093 Kelly AM, D.J. K, Sheila M. I. Omega-3 Fatty Acid Deficiency in Infants before Birth Identified Using a Randomized Trial of Maternal DHA Supplementation in Pregnancy. PLoS One. 2014; 9(1): e83764. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0083764 Li P, Shang Y, Liu YJ, et al. Effect of docosahexenoic acid supplementation on infant’s growth and body mass index during maternal pregnancy]. Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi. 2018 Apr 10;39(4):449-454. doi: 10.3760/cma.j.issn.0254-6450.2018.04.012. Keim SA, Boone KM, Klebanoff MA, et al. Effect of Docosahexaenoic Acid Supplementation vs Placebo on Developmental Outcomes of Toddlers Born Preterm A Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA Pediatr. 2018 Dec 1;172(12):1126-1134. doi: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.3082. Gould, JF, Treyvaud, K, Yelland, LN, et al. Seven-year follow-up of children born to women in a randomized trial of prenatal DHA supplementation. JAMA. 2017 Mar 21;317(11):1173-1175. doi: 10.1001/jama.2016.21303 US20180352845 NUTRITIONAL COMPOSITIONS AND INFANT FORMULAS TO PROMOTE MYELINATION IN THE BRAIN. https://patentscope.wipo.int/search/en/detail.jsf;jsessionid=A68D9548DCE900B35E8EC24AB5AE94AB.wapp2nA?docId=US234727545
Neoclassicism Neoclassicism (began after 1750) was a revival of Greek and Roman art; a direct reaction to the excessiveness of Baroque and Rococo styles. During the American and French Revolutions, the political atmosphere began to lean towards an Age of Reason and Enlightenment. With admiration for classical Roman and Greek art renewed after excavations of Herculaneum and Pompei, efforts for style to accompany philosophy caused an inevitable return to the “classics”. During this period, the subject matter often included a reverence for nature, tradition and the classics, moral values (such as nationalism and courage), along with a distrust for innovation. Early works of artists such as Jean August Dominique Ingres and especially Jacques-Louis David encompassed the thematic elements associated with Neoclassicism. Jacques-Louis David’s Oath of the Horatii can be considered as a turning point for the beginning of the neoclassic style. The painting possesses many qualities synonymous with neoclassicism. It is a tribute to Roman history, depicting three men with intense, dramatic and contrasted lighting, clarity of the characters’ forms/ gestures, and a deliberately simple composition. David’s Death of Marat is another example of a theatrical piece that combines a balanced composition and symbolism (“martyrdom”) with the moral undertone of the painting. Two other examples of Neoclassicist paintings are Napoleon I on his Imperial Throne and La Grande Odalisque. Romanticism Romanticism ( early-mid 19th century) was in reaction to Neoclassicism. Characteristics of Romanticist paintings include painterly brushstrokes, a clear display of emotion, nature, and diagonals. Some examples of this type of art includes Liberty Leading the People and Death of Sardanpalus by Eugène Delacroix where his practiced use of expressive brushstrokes is made visible. Liberty Leading the People is an example of a romanticized symbol of France. Different social classes can be seen in French Romanticism, where the dead, dying, stronger, and strongest are specifically allocated throughout the piece. Other examples of Romanticist art includes The Raft of Medusa and Evening: Landscape with an Aquaduct by Théodore Géricault. British Romanticism was more focused on using pure abstraction to help create expression. Examples include J.M. W. Turner’s Burning of Parliament and Rain, Steam and Speed – The Great Western Railway. This type of use of ochre and white streaks was common, along with pastoral elements. John Constable’s The Hay Way and Dedham Vale are two other examples of British Romanticism. This type of art was easy to look at for the viewer. Realism Realism (mid 19th century) was created by a French group called the Barbizon School. Like the name implies a dedication to trying to capture the details through observation was an objective for the French Realists. Examples include Woman with a Pearl and Venise, La Piazzetta. Realists did not necessarily try to recreate what was directly in front of them, adjusting the situation to create an ideal piece was common and more practical. Other examples include Jean-François Millet’s The Sower and The Gleaners. These types of works inspired the (post) impressionists that would see these exhibited paintings later on. Realism in landscapes is also seen in Courbet’s works, such as Plage de Normandie and Self-portrait (The Desperate Man) Impressionism Impressionism (1870s -1880s) was a term created from the first named Impressionist work, Claude Monet’s Impression, Sunrise. Characteristics of this type of painting includes the appreciation of art history, and an admiration upon light. Brush strokes are visible despite not being bold. Moments are captured, and time is a dimension that is fundamental in this type of art. Another example of a Monet that reflects Impressionism’s characteristics well is Woman with a Parasol. Impressionism was a style that became highly developed, every brushstroke had its place, working with a highly selective palette. Edgar Degas’ New Orleans Cotton Exchange and The Dance Class are two famous examples of Impressionism. These paintings of ballet dancers became synonymous with the movement. Music in the Tuileries and The Luncheon on the Grass by Édouard Manet both further display this type of freeze-frame feeling. There is a certain serenity to this movement, and though the technique is variable, it ultimately results in a soft feel to the painting. The female figure was also often in the foreground of these pieces due to the political atmosphere, and the type of mood they helped establish within a piece. Post-Impressionism Post-Impressionism was a term coined by Roger Fry for one of Manet’s later exhibits. After no longer accepting the simple subject matter, and lack of compositional formatting in Impressionism, Post-Impressionist artists came up with their own ways to restore some more of the traditional compositional values into paintings. Georges Seurat used pointillism, a technique using dots of colour to allow them to blend into new colours through optical illusion, in his pieces – such as Circus Sideshow and Le Chahut. Vincent Van Gogh used raw emotion and expressive brushstrokes in his pieces (Ex: Starry Night over the Rhone and Sunflowers, two of the most recognizable post-impressionist works) to recreate his own life and all the depressions that were contained within it. Other examples include Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec’s At the Moulin Rouge: Two Women Waltzing and Quadrille at the Moulin Rouge. Late 19th Century Architecture Joseph Paxton’s piece The Crystal Palace was a reaction to the Industrial Revolution, a piece that was the result of a movement away from traditional materials such as wood. Rather, a progression towards steel and new, more advanced materials was created. The Eiffel Tower (named after its engineer Gustave Eiffel) is another example of this type of architecture. An internation symbol for France, the tower is an engineering marvel, despite its intense criticism. Using purely steel for the structure of the body, it is an exploration of the new materials available during the era. Early 20th Century Architecture This type of architecture was a direct tie-in with Bauhaus. Artists such as Frank Lloyd Wright began exploring functional forms, and houses being living machines led to the creation of his works such as Falling Water, The Robie House and The Walter Fale House. The flat roofs and cantilever systems were brand new ideas in this type of art. Other examples include Le Corbusier’s Centre Le Corbusier and Villa Savoye. Walter Gropius and Mies Van Der Rohe also explored the new possibilities created by mechanization and factories. (covered in Bauhaus) Suprematism Suprematism (which began in 1915) was a purely Russian art movement was devised by Kasimir Malevich as an era dedicated to geometric forms. Painting was reduced to ideas belonging to a “supreme” reality that embodied the essence of purity. This was a period that intersected cubo-futurism and (but came slightly before) Suprematism. Lyubov Popova was another important artist during this movement and a member of Malevich’s Supremus group. His philosophy was that art should be reduced into a spiritual essence that exceeds the limits of religion and attains “the supremacy of pure emotion”. These paintings were minimal and done in a linear fashion. Malevich’s Suprematist Composition: White on White is the ultimate example of Suprematism. After much experimentation with the tilting of a quadrilateral within a “4-dimensional” frame and tampering with the relationship between art and science, the result was an incredibly pure painting using two shades of white. Another example would be Malevich’s Black Square. Constructivism Constructivism (1919-1934), literally meaning “to construct” was a disciplinary artistic style that rose during the Russian Revolution. The new Communist order had decided to progress the ideas Analytic Cubism into the third dimension through sculpture. Contemporary, industrial materials such as glass, steel, wood, plastic were used in order to create engineering feats that were beyond “art for art’s sake”. The movement was highly developed by Vladmir Tatlin, Naum Gabo, and Aleksander Rodchenko, the latter two who officially coined the term. According to Tatlin and his followers, these “constructions” were actually four-dimensional. Since they implied motion, they also implied time. The most recognizable piece of Constructivism was Tatlin’s attempt to create The Monument to the Third International. Meant to be constructed out of glass, iron and steel, it was hoped to have been a tower to supersede the Eiffel Tower in Paris. Even if the technology to create the monument had been available, there would most likely have been little to no structural practicality to it. In this type of utilitarian construction art, beauty is combined with some type of function or geometry: a twin helix being the main structure, glass four suspended forms (a cube, pyramid, a hemisphere, and a cylinder) all have practical uses, and the entire piece consists of futuristic paths to carry people through the structure with mechanical devices. Naum Gabo was colleagues and friends with Tatlin, Wassily Kandinsky, and Rodchenko. He began a new kind of plastic construction strung with nylon filament that comes very close to mathematical models. After looking for ties between art and science, the models he created in his Linear Construction series reflect upon modern physics that came after his time. Nylon threads are strung around a plexiglass base in an entirely mathematical arrangement. Contrary to many other constructivists, he partook in the movement in a purely spiritual sense. Gabo also had a strong interest in kinetic sculptures, which can be seen in his Revolving Torsion Fountain in London. With the main structure being made out of stainless steel, the contrastingly formless water is used as an integral moving element to complete the 4-dimensional composition. The jets pulsate at different levels, rotating and in particular rhythms. Selecting elements for specific purposes is a common trait of the mindset of a constructivist. Dada Dadaism (1916-1922) was a direct reaction to the absurdity of World War I and the devastating amount of deaths it caused. This intellectual, anti-war movement ridiculed the disgusting parts of the world, such as the upper-class, rationale, and false nationalism and materialism. The name was selected randomly after flipping through a dictionary. This “anti-art” symbolized the opposite of everything that used to be considered aesthetically acceptable. Groups created in the name of Dada began forming, and the First German Dada Manifesto was published. Marcel Duchamp was a pioneer in this movement, beginning the use of “readymades” or found objects, and labelling them as art. His famous Fountain is nothing but a signed urinal, but captures the spirit of Dada. A worthless object has been signed to turn it into art, and is now something “of value”. Time, effort, and composition are no longer necessarily take into consideration to create art. L.H.O.O.Q. (Duchamp) was also another readymade piece of art, that is a mockery of traditional art. The name of the piece implies some kind of sexual joke based off the pun that comes from the French translation of “Elle a chaud au cul”, translating into “There is a fire down below” or “She has a hot ass”. This variant of the Mona Lisa was created many times, always with a moustache and beard in pencil upon the androgynous figure’s face. Taking part in the anti-art and nihilistic movement, Man Ray also began using “readymades” along with more conventional forms of media. His piece The Gift is a combination of an iron with rows of tacks glued to the bottom of. The object combines two ordinary objects to create a sadistic image and evokes a painful connection with the viewer. Another piece using a readymade by Ray is Indestructible Object. After photographing a picture of friend Lee Miller’s eye and placing it onto the moving pole of an analog metronome, Man Ray exhibited the piece naming it Object to Be Destroyed. In 1957, students destroyed his work, and after reconstructing, the piece was renamed Indestructible Object. Not only is the piece a part of Dada due to it being a “readymade” but the process and social criticism it received was expected from the movement. Acting against art, and raging for anti-art was a suitable response from viewers Surrealism Surrealism (began in the early 1920s) was a movement that succeeded Dada and contained many of the same artists. This cultural movement was highly influenced by the Freudian school of thought and psychiatry, dreams, fantasies and political motivations (Marxism/Communism/Anarchism) becoming a very intellectual reflection upon Parisian Nationalism, (sub)consciousness, and led to the creation of the Surrealist Manifesto. This movement to place across all media, such as painting, sculpture, photography, and film. The Surrealist Manifesto and the Second Manifesto of Surrealism were both written by Andre Breton. This poet was also a participant in the Dada movement, and at first praised automatic art and automatism of thoughts in art but later was more interested in narratives of dreams. The work of Salvador Dali is the quintessence of the period. His The Persistence of Memory is frighteningly realistic in terms of his technique like many of his other works, and uses symbols such as clocks, ants, and other unconscious creations. The reformation of a dream (in this case one of a paranoiac) on a canvas is the basis of most surrealist works. Another work that illustrates this Freudian idea of paranoia is Dali’s Metamorphosis of Narcissus. The direct reflect of the staring Narcissus and the hand and egg is meant to recreate the feeling of paranoia when one mistakes one scenario for another. German Expressionism German Expressionism (1905-1925) was a period of raw, emotional art that took place between wars, during the recovery of World War I. The Treaty of Versailles had just been signed, and Germany was in large debt. This era was dedicated towards reflecting upon the difficult economy through not only paintings, but largely on film as well. This period was largely an influence on the Expressionism coming out of Germany at the same time. A cinematic example of a work of the era would be Metropolis by Fritz Lang. This science-fiction film was set in a relatable dystopia within a capitalist society where inter-class issues are the focus. Die Brucke was a group founded by four students specializing in architecture. These artists had no solid formal educations or school in art expect for some lessons. They worked cohesively and began a philosophical quest to bridge a bohemian life-style with “a sense of imminent disaster”. They were the driving force behind this movement. Sexual tension was a common theme in these pieces such as in Ernst Ludgwig Kitchner’s Self Portrait with Model and Georges Roualt’s Head of Christ. Both simplify shapes and use raw, simple colours to create very heavy, dense atmospheres around the pieces. Der Blaue Reiter was another group of artists led by Kandinsky and Franz Marc that wanted to approach their art more spiritually. These idealists sought to revive German art and eventually used woodcuts as their patriotic medium. Works from the group include Marc’s The Tower of Blue Horses and Kandinsky’s Composition VII. This type of extreme and spiritual abstraction, and form simplification was part of the group’s search for philosophical truth. Fauvism Fauvism (1904-1908), French for “wild beasts”, was a movement led by Henri Matisse and Andre Derain. Characteristics of the movement included bright areas of colour and flattening of form. The works were passionate and emotional with very painterly brush strokes and a focus on colour rather than realism. Matisse’s Woman with a Hat demonstrates this. Patches of colour surround the figure, and though a form is clear, there is definitely no focus upon trying to recreate what the artist saw directly. Rather, the colour scheme and interpretation of the colours at the moment are more important. This type of simplified colour/ figures is also seen with Matisses’s The Joy of Life. Andre Derain had worked with Matisse, and works such as Charing Cross Bridge exhibit the same type of bright, simplified colours but in a landscape setting. His Self-portrait in studio also shows this type of simplification, but with darker colours and more depth. This was a possible lead in to some of the ideas in the following movement. The boldness in colour and distortions during Fauvism is thought to have been from the influence of Van Gogh and Gaugin’s exhibited works. This was an incredibly modern movement in the 20th century. Cubism Analytic Cubism (1907-191) involves looking at the “volume and space the structural unites from whicj to derive the faceted shapes of Analytic (or Facet) Cubism… The facets are now so small and precise, more like prisms, and the canvas has the balance and refinement of a fully mature style” There are high contrasts of texture and colour, monochromic palettes are common, and complex structures. Everything is broken down geometrically with sharp lines into cubistic forms. Synthetic Cubism (1912-1919) on the other hand was an “alternative to Fauvism”. Artists such as George Braque fell into this category, after beginning in Fauvism. This is also known as collage cubism. Form is flattened and there is a celebration of colour and the technique of collage. Some of Braque’s work in Analytic Cubism includes Violin, a piece that breaks apart a violin and is based off of a green hue, and The Mandolin, which focuses on different facets of a woman’s body practically disintegrating into sections. Picasso’s Still Life with Chair Caning and Guitar, Sheet Music, and Wine Glass are two examples of synthetic cubism. There are frames of reference, and things have been broken down in a way where it looks as if the final product was created through images being cut and paste on together. Bauhaus Bauhas was a school of thought that was founded by Walter Gropius in Germany and after development from previous concepts, buildings, and schools, the Bauhaus school building existed between 1919 and 1933 and had moved through three different cities due to Nazi pressure. Important components and influences of Bauhas wereInternational Style, functionalityin terms of (architectural) engineering, and geometric design principles. The Industrial Revolution, favtories, mass production and manufacturing were also a part of the movement. After the movement, many schools based their buildings and programs off the school. In general, the school’s influence upon architecture, engineering, and redesign still impacts current lifestyles, presenting themselves everywhere in daily life (ex: the invention of tubular steel, flat-roofed buildings). The original director and master of Bauhaus, Gropius was largely responsible for the F 51 Armchair and Sofa. Other creations in modern décor by him include the D 51 and F 51-2. One of the later directors Ludwig Mies van der Rohe designed the Farnsworth house, 960-880 Lake Shore Drive Apartments, and Seagram building. All these buildings reflect upon his mission to advance architecture with the leaps in technology and industry, combining rationalism with spirituality. Universally known, his Barcelona Chair and Ottoman is a modernistic icon that involves a twist upon Curule chairs and was manufactured/ targeted towards the “common man” market. Hannes Meyer was the second director of Bauhaus and was the first to help the school earn profit. He brought significant commission for the school, including creating building for the Gederal School of the German Trade Unions in Bernau and five apartment buildings in Dessau. American Abstract Expressionism Abstract expressionism (1940s-1950s) was the first entirely American-caused movement in direct reaction to World War II. Paint was put onto a surface to create “pure art” that had no narrative. Rather the pieces depended purely on line, form, surface, and the way paint acts. Harold Rosenberg described Pollock and other Abstract Expressionist canvases as “an arena in which to act. What was to go on the canvas was not a picture but an event.” Many paintings were described as action paintings, in where the process and layering of the paint could be considered more interesting and important than the final product and composition itself. Mark Rothko would use chunks of paint to create his pieces, to create “multiforms”. This was his key style and can be seen in No. 3/ No. 13. The canvas consists of only 6 colours in blocks. Another example is his painting No. 10. In contrast, Jackson Pollock often threw paint onto the surface, allowing it to “do what paint does”. His paintings No. 5, and Lavender are examples of his paint-throwing and recognizable dripping techniques. Other examples of Abstract Expressionist works include Lee Krasner’s Celebration and Little Image paintings, along with Barnett Newman’s Onement 1and Who’s Afraid of Red, Yellow, and Blue? Pop Art Pop art (began in mid 1950s) was based in Britain and the United States. Pop art was a diurect reaction to the high intellectualism of Abstract Expressionism, often focusing upon ordinary objects and regular daily commodities. Subject matter often included objects such as soup cans, boxes, comic boos, photos, etc. Pop culture and the Hollywood scene was a major influence upon the art during this age of mechanical reproduction. Richard Hamilton’s collage Just What Is it that Makes Today’s Homes So Different, So Appealing? is an iconic piece created from images from American magazines and is a reflection upon the economy, homes, and lifestyle of the time. Andy Warhol’s Campbell’s Soup I and series used the American food staple as the subject to avoid competing with Roy Lichenstein’s comic strip pieces and his potential as a consumer, being solely dedicated to the brand and product. Lictenstein’s infamous Whaam!contains an image of an American plane destroying an enemy jet. This comic-strip type of art was a reflection on the American lifestyle and the popularity of comic books during the age and the piece was based off an actual comic book panel. The piece tries not to develop a purposeful connection with the audience, allowing viewers to develop their own thoughts and interpretation of the image and caption. Claes Oldenburg also used this idea of consumer products, and often create “soft” sculptures of mundane objects. Lipstick (Ascending) on Caterpillar Tracks involved an oversized lipstick that would constantly deflate itself unless pumped by a viewer. Other pieces from the era include Oldenburg’s Soft Bathtub (Model), Lichtenstein’s Drowning Girl, Hamilton’s Interior and Warhol’s Brillo Box. Earth Art During Earth Art (late 1960s into early 1970s), artists began a movement against the restrictive qualities of galleries and traditional exhibitions. A desire for an open canvas led to the use of nature as a medium. In reaction to consumerism and the vast commercialization of art, the reaction of these artists was to create something impossible to purchase by using only natural materials, usually in an environment that could not be sold. As well, the temporary nature of most of these works would factor into how unfeasible it would be to attempt to purchase these works. Usually, these works can only exist through documentation as they are otherwise eradicated by time. Leading artist Robert Smithson created the Broken Circle and Spiral Jetty, two famous works that emerged during the period. Both pieces are protected, but nevertheless people still try to obtain parts of these works. Richard Long creates his pieces through walking upon paths entirely drawn from him. A Circle in Alaska – Bering Straight Driftwood on the Arctic Circle and A Line Made By Walking are two works both created through the pure interaction of his body and his earth. They will only last until nature takes its course, a trademark of Earth art. Christo and his wife Jean Claude focused their works upon the form that the world takes up, and wanted people to see things in a new perspective. Through many wrapped pieces, they considered themselves to be bringing unseen beauty to certain environemtns. The Running Fence and the wrapping of Point Neuf Bridge are some incredibly recognizable pieces. Both are reflections upon the form of nature. Minimalism Minimalism (late 1960s-early 1970s) involved the belief that there should be no agenda for a piece but the piece should be centred on itself. This type of art implies true aesthetic value. Often the works are precise, mechanical, and ready to be manufactured in a factory setting. The pieces are repetitive with no symbolism and are modular. Contrasting colours, sharp outlines, and a basis on geometric forms and the frame of reference were also components of this style. This was also applicable in the sculptural aspects of the style. Materials for this type of sculpture was usually industrial, ex: fiberglass, plastics/ other synthetics, metals. Donald Judd’s pieces are often untitled works that are simple and based purely on mathematics and geometry. This was also the same with Robert Morris. Richard Serra has a piece similar to one of Judd’s untitled works where a sculpture contains contains circles within circles at different tilts and heights. These were installations, however Solomon LeWitt focused more upon two dimensional pieces like Isometric Projection, Untitled (lithograph), and Tower. Serra’s The Matter Of Time and Fulcrum are sculptures based purely on untreated metals and steels. Performance Art Current Performance Art began in the beginning of the first half of the 20th century. The movement was dedicated towards the history of theatre. However, by the 1970s, Performance Art was usually concentrated and combined efforts on Happenings and Conceptual Art with installations. Shock value, (self-) mutilation, explicit sexuality, grotesque and unconventional humour. Audience interaction and breaking the fourth wall was also quite common. Laurie Anderson is a musician who experiments not only in sound through playing the violin and piano, but with her performances as well. She created the tape-bow violin that is still used as an experimental type of instrument by artists and musicians today. In the 1970’s she performed/ recorded a violin piece while performing until the block of ice of which she stood on with ice skates completely melted away. Vito Acconci created an installation named Seedbed in which he was located beneath a ramp at the Sonnabend Gallery, where he masturbated and created a speaker system to allow his speakers here his voice and thoughts. Joseph Beuys had some notable performances, particularly when he became involved with Fluxus temporarily. His performance, How to Explain Pictures to a Dead Hare involved Beuys speaking into the ear of a dead hare he held in his arms, while his boot had an attached piece of iron, and his face was covered in honey and gold leaf. All these objects had a symbolic meaning and there was an intended intellectual message for his audience. This Fluxus movement involiving multi-media “flow” also produced member Yoko Ono. Her performance Cut Piece (which can also be considered a “happening”) involved the audience participating through “cutting” her clothing off until she was naked. This allowed Ono to communicate her own feelings towards her audience through body and performance, rather than conventional mediums.
PSY 638 SNHU Module Nine and Propose Industry for Educators Discussion
ENC 1102 MDC Contrasting Nels and Sulas Relationship with Their Mothers Essay
ENC 1102 MDC Contrasting Nels and Sulas Relationship with Their Mothers Essay.
I’m working on a english project and need guidance to help me study.
3 papers: 1. I need a THESIS STATEMENT PAPER for the literary analysis essay on Sula on the topic: Contrast Nel’s relationship to her mother and Sula’sinteraction with her mother. Remember to take a position in your thesis that establishes the significance of the contrast. 2. Also a Works Cited Page for Literary Analysis on Sula in MLA. Formatting for Works Cited: Center the words Works Cited one inch from the top of the page. Double-space within and between entries–no extra spaces between entries. Every line after the first for each source is indented. Sources are listed in alphabetical order. You can use one of the citation builders to create the entry: Easy Bib, Citation Machine, or any other that you find reliable and helpful. Remember that these don’t always provide you with the correct spacing and indentation, and you may have to tweak those in your paper. Also, check that the entry looks like a works cited entry should for the type of document you are citing—whether a journal article, an interview, a magazine article, a chapter from a book, etc using this links as well as the book: https://link.gale.com/apps/doc/A625864229/AONE?u=lincclin_mdcc&sid=AONE&xid=68ec2471https://link.gale.com/apps/doc/A205735362/AONE?u=lincclin_mdcc&sid=AONE&xid=3d00b71a 3. literary analysis essay on Sula MLA
ENC 1102 MDC Contrasting Nels and Sulas Relationship with Their Mothers Essay
Al-futtaim group LLC
online assignment help Introduction Al-Futtaim Group LLC is a private group of companies, which is based in the United Arab Emirates. It began its entire operations in the mid 1930s. The group comprises of businesses functioning in various retail industries. It is currently employing over 11,000 people to manage 67 units covering over 13 countries. History of Operations Al-Futtaim Group LLC was founded in the mid 1930’s, which began its operations as a trading enterprise. It witnessed major success and transformations during 1940 – 1950, when the top officials decided to establish it locally as a dedicated industrial and service-oriented organization. Till date, it functions over 40 companies with Al-Futtaim brand-name etched on them, ruling with unparallel domination of almost all the major market fragments in the UAE. It has recently broadened its operations by establishing businesses in the neighbouring Gulf countries like Oman, Kuwait, Bahrain, Egypt and Qatar. Vision
Steps to take if you haven’t gotten a job Essay
Steps to take if you haven’t gotten a job Essay. Introduction In today’s world, both the young and the old individuals find themselves jobless especially during current economic downturns. For such jobless people, job hunting is on top of their list of priorities. In order to be effective in job seeking, the job hunters are required to use proper strategies to enable them to increase their chances of securing a job. The most successful job hunters do not wait for jobs to be available instead they are proactive in ensuring that they track down the best opportunities. This paper analyses the steps that a job seeker should consider in order to increase their chances of ultimately acquiring a job. Steps in job hunting There are many steps that a job hunter can use to find the right opportunities in securing a dream job. Networking is one of the steps where contacts are acquired through business and social functions in order to help the job seeker in the job hunting process. A job seeker can start developing a network through close people like family, friends and neighbors, who might help them find a job or point them in the right direction. The second important strategy in job hunting is the thorough review of one’s resume and cover letter. The resume and cover letter should be written professionally in order to stand out from the rest. To ensure that these documents stand out, the hunter should seek the services of a professional writer for quality work. Thirdly, a conversation with counselors in different careers can help in providing the right referrals and resources to aid in the management of careers. The counselor can also help the job seeker emotionally get through a long period of unemployment that might interfere with job searching efforts. Fourthly, doing thorough research on the labor market and employers is a very important step in determining the success of job hunting. The research ensures that the job seeker’s resume and cover letter meet the professional needs of employers in order to put them in a better position to compete with other job seekers. Fifthly, doing voluntary work is also a plus in the process of job hunting. The job hunter should be willing to ask for work in a reputable organization and expect no pay in return. Volunteering helps one showcase their skills and talents to the potential employers, which in turn enable them to be considered for recruitment. Furthermore, pursuing additional training is also a very important step that job seekers can take to increase their chances of securing a good job. In order for one to get their dream job, study advancement is more likely to help in strengthening the job hunter’s qualifications and set them apart from the rest of the job seekers . Conclusion Job hunting is not an easy task and many people tend to give up too soon. The process requires a lot of intelligence in gathering information about the targeted career sector. Knowing a particular job in its sector enables the job seeker to easily convince a potential employer that they have the right qualities, experience and qualifications to handle the responsibilities of a given job. It is evident that a job seeker should be strategically prepared for the long and tiring process of job hunting in order to gain positive feedback. Reference List Jones, L. (2002, April). Ten steps to follow if you haven’t gotten a job. Web. Steps to take if you haven’t gotten a job Essay
IDS 403 SNHU Mobile Phones and Internet Cyberbullying Paper & PPT
IDS 403 SNHU Mobile Phones and Internet Cyberbullying Paper & PPT.
Assignment 1 7-1 Final Project Part One Submission: Critical Analysis PortfolioTask: Submit to complete this assignmentSubmit your final portfolio—an analysis of an issue or event in technology through the four general education lenses: history, humanities, social sciences, and natural and applied sciences.Note: Be sure to incorporate instructor feedback from your final project milestones into this final submission, particularly Milestones One, Two, and Four.To complete this assignment, review the Final Project Part One Guidelines and Rubric document.Assignment 2 7-2 Final Project Part Two Submission: Multimedia PresentationSubmit your final multimedia presentation. In this presentation, you’ve had a chance to reflect on what you have learned about your issue or event, yourself, and technology through analyzing its impact on society through the four general education lenses. You will also be able to apply your communication skills and integrate multimedia elements to communicate your message to an audience.Note: Be sure to incorporate instructor feedback from your final project milestones, particularly Milestone Three (the presentation draft), into this final submission.To complete this assignment, review the Final Project Part Two Guidelines and Rubric document.
IDS 403 SNHU Mobile Phones and Internet Cyberbullying Paper & PPT