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2-1 Discussion: Research Methods

Read “Innovative Data Collection Methods in Criminological Research.” Do you agree with the issues and challenges of collection methods in criminological research as described in the article? Why or why not? How can these methods be applied to the work you are undertaking in this course? (Criminal Justice Capstone)
Nucor is the second largest steel producer in North America on total production capacity in the end of 2006, with 18 plants. With the year 2006 Nucor was the most profitable steel producer by having the capacity to produce 25 million tons of steel with revenues of $14.8 billion and net profits of $ 1.8 billion. In the late 1960s Nucor established the steel mini-mill industry and since that time, mini-mills have become broadly exist in the large incorporated steel companies out of most niche markets. Nucor in the late 1980s made a brave entry into the flat-rolled steel market, afield of big steel. Nucor follow low-cost leadership strategy, product development by using innovation and technologies, quality systems, strong relationship between employees and productivity, corporate culture and using focus diffrenation, in order to reduce and achieve low costs per ton produced. The market share of Nucor increased by 17% in both years 2005 and 2006. According to the four generic competitive strategies Nucor follow low-coast provider strategy as their strategic direction. They are determined to attain lower overall costs then rivals and tempting to a wide range of consumers. Nucor followed growth strategies which are new acquisitions, new plants construction, continued plant upgrades and cost reduction efforts, and joint ventures. Nucor internally has established a raw materials strategy to control directly and indirectly through global growth with joint ventures, the production of 6 to 7million tons of iron of high quality metals for consumption of its steel mills. Such acquisition is imperative to meet buyer demand for manufactured steel goods. Nucor has a wide array of products and each product must go through a different operations cycle. This is an implication to the efficiency of each unit. Nucor externally has the ability to deliver shipments anywhere in USA. This is a profitable competitive advantage that ensures quick and on-time delivery of products. Nucor adopts successful marketing and sales strategies. In line with its goals of becoming a global player, it continues to build long-term relationships with contract customers who purchase value added products, 92% of the production of Nucor’s steel mills was sold to outside customers in 2005-2006. It shows how Nucor is maintaining long- term contracts, and maintaining profitable value-added products. Nucor is known for developing and commercializing new efficient product technologies for the steel manufacturing business. The same enables it to reduce its operating costs and compete effectively in the market. Considering Nucor infrastructure, centralization at the company in the early 2000’s has supported the current success and supported the various units. Solid training and employee relation building contributes to the continuous growth. As for services and quality, Nucor focuses on fast delivery and increased customer integrated technologies. Quality control is considered important to maintain the durability and exact specifications of the manufactured product. Considering political factors, variations amongst countries’ laws provides favorable and unfavorable circumstances for a large company to do business in that country. Nucor deals with tax policy in USA paying federal, state, and local taxes, affecting its bottom line. Nucor has to understand the taxes of other countries planned for contracts implementation. As for economic factors, exchange rate fluctuations and interest rate changes are considered by Nucor as bases for decisions on expansion, and competition. Markets are attractive for steel company’s entrance when the currency is week, and interest rates low. No greater advancement has had more impact on the steel industry than the recent technological improvements. While many industries are outsourcing much of their manufacturing, Nucor has been able to undertake the opposite approach and expand in the domestic market. Technology increases efficiency of factories, decreases inventory, and enhances product quality. The efficient mini-mill is an example of this. Strategic Issue Given the internal and external factors, that steel situations in the world had been improved by 2005-2006. The prices were higher in the U.S by 50% in 2000 as well as Nucor’s Sales. However foreign steel companies, dumping in home domestic market and U.S market below market prices that leads to over capacity and more supply than demand. Inside US and Outside US market. The Demand increased by 6% should Nucor continue focusing on the U.S steel market or begin to expand into another foreign markets? Or should they have to deal with budding volume of low priced foreign imports in the US market and how to compete with foreign steel producers? Do they need to expand the capacity of the company steel-making and start building new plants, new acquisitions, and new joint ventures? External Environment External factors include those influences cut side the industry in the macroeconomic that should be considered in shaping the company’s strategies in long-term direction are legislative factors, economic, socioeconomic, and technological factors. Political and Legislative Businesses are heavily regulated, from state to federal to international. These regulations challenge the ease of achieving profit margins. A business must deal with the local laws and regulations of another business when attempting to compete in a foreign territory. For Nucor Corporation, the growing international competition requires addressing and dealing with various types of laws, mainly taxation. Nucor deals heavily with the tax policy and regulations in the United States paying federal, state, and local taxes. Each imposes heavy effects on their bottom line. Taxes however do not always negatively impact a business. Many international steel companies were selling their products at below market cost to undercut domestic competition. Taxes imposed protect the domestic industry. The same is important when competition is high. Nucor is a large company that is subject to international trade agreements. It is financially essential for a company to understand the costs associated to all regulations and tariffs on import and export processes, especially that competition ad globalization are required to maintain profits in the future. Economic factors As Nucor’s strategy has always been to become a market leader, much of its growth comes from international markets, especially developing ones. Thus, it is always exposed to exchange rate fluctuations. Markets become attractive when their currency is weak. This was the situation of the steel industry during the economic downturn in 2001. When markets become attractive due to weak currency, the demand for steel would increase and consequently the supply to meet the increasing demand. To finance the large expenditures, loans are very common. As interest rates decrease, corporate loans increase to create an expansionary economy. The same will create positive effects on corporate spending of major steel buyers, and consequently suppliers. Hence, steel demand and supply would increase. Socioeconomic factor Steel industry operates on a business to business model. The same allows for greater efficiency and protects from the risk impact of negative social factors. These factors include consumer behavior, fashions, geographic location, consumer thoughts, ect…A company like Nucor must understand the sub-cultures of each market segment where it exists, and concentrate on the most profitable. Nucor considers expansion through acquisition. This carries along the risk of mixing two distinct cultures. Nucor must be able to preserve and embrace new knowledge employees, skilled labor, and other valuable assets. Moreover, the existing individual cultures can be a source of risk, so assuring adequate safety environment should be a priority. Nucor differentiates itself by high wages, incentive based pay, and a flat organization. Each of these has a positive impact on the existing Nucor organizational structure. The existing challenge and risk would be to create equilibrium between preserving a positive culture, and an increased profit strategy of which lower wages is somehow a must. Nucor Corporation recognizes its role in protecting the environment. It gives attention to the environment of the communities in which it operates and recognizes its importance to the employees. Protecting the environment is critical to its operations and long-term success. To illustrate, Environmental compliance is a priority for Nucor management equal with all other business functions. Technological factors While many competitors within the steel industry are outsourcing many of their manufacturing due to increased technology, Nucor is able to take the opposite approach and expand in domestic market. Technology increases efficiency, decreases inventory, and improves the product quality. Nucor, for example was able through the new technology used to efficiently use the small factory production “mini mill” to increase its capacity utilization. The mini-mill simplifies the process when compared to the more tradition integrated mill. It cuts many corners in the production cycle and also uses larger percentage of scrap metal. This in return reduced the amount of pollution from making steel significantly by eliminating the several elements of the old blast furnace process. Technology also provides greater enhancement for engineering and sales. The products have detailed computerized models with test statistics, and efficiency attributes. The sales department is able to directly deal with customers through the internet. Transactions are seamless and process quickly. Technology has enhanced the steel industry processes but it has its draw backs that need to be considered. For example, computer failure, database errors, and any simple user error can affect the business. Having specialists and IT managers will have its positive impact on controlling these risks. Industry Analysis There have been two major factors influencing the steel industry- consolidation of global companies, and revolutionary technological changes among competitors affecting prices, production, and consumer satisfaction. National boundaries have melted to encompass an ever increasing world market. Since, the beginning of the 21st century, the industry has been hovering around 75% capacity utilization, a level too low for many companies, thus, forcing them to globally consolidate. Examples of these consolidations are the three European companies who merged to form the world’s largest steel producer and the two Japanese companies who did the same to form the second-largest steel producer. Driving Forces The defining characteristics of the industry are increasing globalization of the industry, and technological changes. As for globalization, it is a driving force as it will have an effect on the overall industry growth. When considered, globalization will pave the way for consolidation between companies allowing them to be strong players in the industry where their success or failure will have an impact on the overall industry growth. Technological changes can have great impact on the industry. When more improved technologies are used, production and prices will be affecting the industry growth. The global steel market grew by 8.2% in 2007 to reach a value of $529.7 billion. In 2012, the global steel market is forecast to have a value of $759.1 billion, an increase of 43.3% from 2007. Key Success Factors The Key success factors (or KSFs) are competitive factors most affecting every industry member’s ability to prosper. KSFs include; Necessary resources, competencies, and capabilities (organizational style) Competitive capabilities Expertise in a particular technology Scale economies or experience curve benefits Strong network of wholesale distributors, and suppliers Nucor was established in 1966 and continues to grow strongly according to a number of key success factors and strategic organizational strengths. The company’s organizational style is remarkable and features a number of factors that contribute to Nucor’s success. First, the company employs a decentralized business style. In 1966, Iverson assumed the role of president to be decentralized manner has been used and been very successful. A decentralized business style distributes the administrative responsibilities or powers among several authorities rather than a large number (“Decentralization”). This style has permitted Nucor to empower their managers and employees. By Improving the level of empowerment allows each division manger control over day-to-day decisions and transactions that will increase profitability. Nucor’s decentralized business style also helps the Co. to be lean. Lean manufacturing incorporates the production of goods using less waste, less human effort, manufacturing, tools, inventory, and less time. Equivalent to their lean business style, Nucor is continually seeking for improvement. Stable aim to decrease production cost is always a priority and ultimately helps to lower costs of steel to buyers. Moreover, a focus on dealing with employees helps in reducing employee turnover and increase productivity. Safety is an important consideration for Nucor and is consistently monitored and improved. Employee surveys are conducted every 3 years which helps to give an insight on employee attitudes and concerns. Management then compares the surveys across plants and divisions to control potential problems areas and increase employee satisfaction. Finally, Nucor focuses on creating strong relationships with outside parties. This enables it to establish long-term sustainability with these parties. Furthermore, structure and supply cost will often be decreased which allows for lower costs for buyers. Strong relationships established ensure long-term sustainability and lowered prices for Nucor. The booming business structure of Nucor along with the management styles implanted has allowed the Co. to become a leader in the industry. The Company has established a reputable brand and has created brand awareness both domestically and internationally. It currently has a significant market share of the U.S. market and is budding as a global leader in tough industry. Moreover, their increase in size has helped them increase production capacity. Last but not least, Nucor has a strong technological focus and is works at all times to boost manufacturing and production pace. Innovation also is always considered and helps the company remain a leader. Being the largest steel manufacturer, Nucor remains a profitable company in one of the most cyclical industries in the economy. Nucor enjoys this success for several reasons, employee relations, quality, productivity, and aggressive focus on innovation and technical excellence. Nucor’s strategy low cost providing, they know they are selling a commodity for which the competitive edge in the industry is lowering prices through innovation and productivity. Firms in other Industries Offering Substitute ProductsPorter’s five forces analysis Suppliers of Raw Materials, Parts, Components, or Other Resource Inputs Rivalry among competing Sellers Competitive pressures created by the jockeying of rival sellers for better market position and competitive advantage Buyers Potential New Entrants They five competitive forces affecting industries attractiveness are: Competitive rivalry: (High Threat) The global competition in the steel industry faces Nucor and the vast array of competitors that fill the industry. Intense competition among competitors in the domestic market of Nucor causes a cyclical effect within the industry. Each competitor strives to win bids of contracts, causing a stiff price war in the market. As price is the main factor for differentiation among competitors and it is the bases of the industry, the company with the lowest fixed costs will survive the longer, and be the most profitable. Nucor’s use of both base pay and incentive pay ensure output is relative to pay and, therefore, decreases its fixed costs. The business model differentiation is also primary means of competition. Nucor has a decentralized structure with control being at the factory level. This advantage allows for focused decision making, and efficient use of profits. Extremely high exit barriers are a major risk to competitive competition. During times of economic downturn or overproduction, inefficiencies are weeded out. The United States boasts one of the strongest protections for businesses with its bankruptcy laws to ensure they can make it through these tough times. Counter this though, the U.S. also has some of the toughest laws against closing inefficient plants. Extremely high exit barriers are a major risk to competitive competition. Competition from Substitutes: (Low to moderate Threat) This threat is considered low as there are few substitutes for the use of steel. From auto manufacturing, to structural supports, to fasteners, there are relatively few products available with the strength, durability, and cost efficiencies of steel. The largest alternative to steel would be use of another material. Plastics are on the top of the list, but have not found the same durability as steel. Wood may have aesthetic appeal but cannot combat with steels’ robustness. Alternatives increase market presence at times of economic downturn and times of increase in steel material cost. To hedge this threat many manufacturers maintain inventories of steel reserves. Large companies also trade steel futures to ensure stability of price and guaranteed supply for a future specified time. The goal is to maintain low costs and market share during times of economic fluctuation. Bargaining Power of Buyers: (High Threat) The buyers impose the greatest; they are the bases for price competition by influencing the demand. The ultimate goal of the buyer is to get the best quality product at the lowest price. The ultimate goal of the seller (Nucor) is to get most attainable profit for the least cost. Because the market is filled with numerous suppliers and taking into account the two different goals of suppliers and buyers, the steel industry is commonly a buyer’s market. Bargaining power of Suppliers: (High to moderate Threat) The supply of raw materials, steel shreds, iron ore, or recycled steel can have a great effect on the cost strategy. Most of the steel used for manufacturing in US is imported. Due to the difficulty in suppliers’ ability to constantly meet the demands of the companies such as Nucor, joint ventures between suppliers and manufacturers are established. The same ensures low costs for manufacturers. Acquisition of the supplier might also be undertaken by the manufacturer. Also, the power of unions labor and unionized labor, could affect the labor costs for steel produces in placing weak competitive force and on cost disadvantage vis-à-vis firms with nonunion labor. The Threat of Entry: (Moderately Strong Threat) The main determinate for an entry into an industry is the costs associated. Barriers to entry have increased due to merging and globalization growing of many competitors. Economies of scale and capital requirements are the greatest barriers I the steel industry. Larger quantity orders of raw materials are usually discounted. Higher production volumes directly discount the associated costs. During times of strong growth, such as the 1960’s-1980, economies of scale are very good. During stagnation or recession, these approaches often cause diseconomies due to under utilization of capacity. Product differentiation is also a major barrier to entry. Steel is not sold on its overall difference, but more commonly on price. Many manufacturers utilize the same technologies and process. Price wars are seen in minimization of fixed costs as stated earlier. Directly with this, there are few switching costs from one manufacturer to another. Little brand loyalty is recognized in an industry that does not appeal to consumer loyalty or brand image. Entrants must find a way to compete based on lower costs. Access to raw materials is additionally a barrier. Many times raw materials must be bought in large quantities (economies of scale). The cost disadvantages associated with small material purchases can be huge and directly increase overall manufacturing costs; this make competition challenging in a market where margins are already slim. Government policy is not a major threat to entry on the domestic level, but at the international level the barriers are enormous. Well established relationships by large steel manufactures with governments allow for easy creation of contracts in a foreign territory. The creation of these contacts takes time, executive work hours, and vast amounts of money. As most steel manufacturers must be globally competitive to maintain profits, government policy is threatening entry barrier. At first glance it may seem the mature steel industry would not be very attractive. This may be true to a new entry on a small scale, but with the advance of globalization the steel industry is again becoming very attractive. Industry Profile and Attractiveness The Industry position and competitive structure future for a low-cost steel producer such as Nucor is attractive due to the good shape of their financial situation to gain sales and market share however the industry market environment maybe un attractive to some rivals but for some other rivals it may indicate some opportunities. The demand for steel globally has been rising strongly in recent years, and this is likely to continue. The industry has become attractive for new entrants from the international market since these companies are not burdened by union contracts and since governments may provide special incentives in order to help them establish a customer base in steel, which can help in forming an important part of a nation’s economic infrastructure. Although the U.S is already dumped with outsider steel products, it is still considered to be a reliable and potential market for other global companies. As summary of the Nucor case gives many insights into the company and the industry. In general, the steel industry is a very strong industry to compete in successfully. The question here is the steel industry an attractive one? The answer would yes, if the entering company is already in the industry and well set up and highly regarded. Moreover, it’s very important that the company is in a position to acquire other companies and/or form joint ventures. Nucor currently has done an amazing job moving itself up from near bankruptcy to an industry leader. Major numbers of challenges have been met and overcome throughout the company’s life. However, this does not mean that there will not be more major challenges for Nucor. Nucor is nowadays is facing growing competition from both domestic and international rivalries. It’s critical that Nucor continues to grow and increase global market share. Current management must continue to specialize in Nucor’s core product and capitalize on a proven successful organizational structure. Can Nucor continue to succeed as a global steel company into the future? This is the main concern. Nucor is capable of continuing its entrepreneurial spirit as it grows larger because it’s marketing and management techniques. Since Nucor has been an innovative and risk-taking company, their profits will continue to expand. Nucor has embodied techniques that have been profitable to the company. An example of these techniques is the fact that Nucor managers would set standards for quality and output for groups of 25 to 30 employees and reward them with weekly bonuses. By emphasizing quality and efficiency in employees and then rewarding them for it, Nucor only increases its own profits. Company Situation Nucor Situation Introduction Nucor deals with key specific issues in the steel industry including the fast growth of steel producers in the world reflecting as an increased capacity in steel production creating prices war, and the competition in an industry where technology usage has been a way for saving costs. Despite their specialization into steel, Nucor Corp. has become a benchmark for both the U.S. steel industry and U.S. industry in general. Nucor is one of the fastest growing and most efficient steel producers in the world. Despite the declining demand for steel, Nucor’s growth has been phenomenal, from pouring its first batch of steel in the 1960s to support in-house operations; the company has become one of the top five producers of steel in the U.S. Nucor has repeatedly achieved technological feats other steel producers thought impossible. Their hourly pay is among the lowest in the industry, yet they have the highest productivity per worker of any steel producer in the U.S. But can it continue to do so? Financial Analysis According to Nucor Corporation Financial Ratios data for 2005 – 2006 provided in Table 2 Profitability [1] : Profitability ratios are used to assess a business’s ability to generate earnings as compared to its expenses and other relevant costs incurred during a specific period of time. For most of these ratios, having a higher value relative to a competitor’s ratio or the same ratio from a previous period is indicative that the company is doing well. Gross profit margin FYE [2] 12/06 increased by 14% reflecting an increase in sales for 2006. Liquidity ratios remained almost the same reflecting the continuous ability of the company to meet its obligations and invest further in the new technologies adoption strategy. Activity [3] : Are ratios that measure a firm’s ability to convert different accounts within their balance sheets into cash or sales Inventory turnover and total asset turnover were positive and closely in-line with past results. Nucor maintains the ability to draw class investors with its relatively strong financial performance, though down a bit from previous years. The increase in activity ratios is affected by the increase in sales FYE 12/06. Leverage [4] : Ratios used to calculate the financial leverage of a company to get an idea of the company’s methods of financing or to measure its ability to meet financial obligations. There are several different ratios, but the main factors looked at include debt, equity, assets and interest expenses. Leverage ratios decreased by 1% FYE’12/06 as compared to year 2005. The same reflects the ability of the company to meet its obligations and the reduction in reliance on leverage to meet its strategic plans. As globalization and acquisition is the focus, the leverage ratios are important. Debt has remained relatively low as compared to assets and equity, 23% and 44%respectively. Liquidity [5] : Are ratios used to determine a company’s ability to pay off its short-terms debts obligations. Generally, the higher the value of the ratio, the larger the margin of safety that the company possesses to cover short-term debts. The current strategies may require short-term loans to finance acquisition. With these ratio levels, Nucor is in the position to shop for good interest rates. Total cash reserves for 2007 were roughly $1.4Billion, which will directly aid a globalization and expansionistic approach. As conclusion, at the end of year 2006 Nucor was in very good shape financially and the financial performance is strong for the 2004-2006. The date in table 1 shows how Nucor increased tons sold during the year 2000- 20006 with increasing in sales and market share of their products. SOWT Analysis In this part which is simply but powerful tool for sizing up a company’s resource strengths and competitive efficiencies’, its market opportunities, and the external threats to Nucor future well-being of Nucor Table 2. Nucor’s strengths Technology
NURS 6003 Aspen University Academic and Professional MSN Resources Research Analysis.

Architect Daniel Libeskind is credited with saying “To provide meaningful architecture is not to parody history, but to articulate it.” The suggestion is that his work does not copy the efforts of others but relies on it.Understanding the work of others is critically important to new work. Contributions to the nursing body of knowledge can happen when you are able to analyze and articulate the efforts of previous research. Research analysis skills are therefore critical tools for your toolbox.In this Assignment, you will locate relevant existing research. You also will analyze this research using a tool helpful for analysis.To Prepare:Reflect on the strategies presented in the Resources this Module’s Learning Resources in support of locating and analyzing research.Use the Walden Library to identify and read one peer-reviewed research article focused on a topic in your specialty field that interests you.Review the article you selected and reflect on the professional practice use of theories/concepts described by the article.The Assignment:Using the “Module 4 | Part 4” section of your Academic Success and Professional Development Plan Template presented in the Resources, conduct an analysis of the elements of the research article you identified. Be sure to include the following:Your topic of interest.A correctly formatted APA citation of the article you selected, along with link or search details.Identify a professional practice use of the theories/concepts presented in the article.Analysis of the article using the “Research Analysis Matrix” section of the templateWrite a 1-paragraph justification stating whether you would recommend this article to inform professional practice.Write a 2- to 3-paragraph summary that you will add to your Academic Success and Professional Development Plan that includes the following:Describe your approach to identifying and analyzing peer-reviewed research.Identify at least two strategies that you would use that you found to be effective in finding peer-reviewed research.Identify at least one resource you intend to use in the future to find peer-reviewed research.Note: Add your work for this Assignment to the original document you began in the Module 1 Assignment, which was built from the Academic Success and Professional Development Plan Template.Submit your analysis, including your completed section of the Academic Success and Professional Development Plan Template sections and your matrix and summary.RUBRIC ExcellentGoodFairPoorUsing the Week 4 Part 4 section of your Academic Success and Professional Development Plan Template presented in the Resources, conduct an analysis of the elements of the research article you identified. Be sure to include the following:· The topic of interest you have selected.· Correctly formatted APA citation of the article you selected, along with link or search details.· Identify a professional practice use of the theories/concepts presented in the article.18 (18%) – 20 (20%)The response clearly identifies the topic of interest selected.The response accurately and completely provides a citation of the article selected, including an accurate and complete link or thorough search details.The response clearly identifies and describes in detail a professional practice use of the theories/concepts presented in the article.16 (16%) – 17 (17%)The response partially identifies the topic of interest selected.The response provides a partial citation of the article selected, including a partial link or search details.The response partially identifies and describes a professional practice use of the theories/concepts presented in the article.14 (14%) – 15 (15%)The response vaguely identifies the topic of interest selected.The response vaguely or inaccurately provides a citation of the article selected, including vague or inaccurate search details.The response vaguely or inaccurately identifies and describes a professional practice use of the theories/concepts presented in the article.0 (0%) – 13 (13%)The response vaguely and inaccurately identifies the topic of interest selected, or is missing.The response vaguely and inaccurately provides a citation of the article selected, including vague and inaccurate search details, or is missing.The response vaguely and inaccurately identifies and describes a professional practice use of the theories/concepts presented in the article, or is missing.Analysis of the article using the Research Analysis Matrix section of the template.· Write a one-paragraph justification explaining whether or not you would recommend the use of this article to inform professional practice.18 (18%) – 20 (20%)The response clearly and accurately provides a detailed analysis of the article using the Research Analysis Matrix section of the template.The response clearly and accurately explains in detail the justification of whether or not to recommend the use of the article to inform professional practice.16 (16%) – 17 (17%)The response provides a partial analysis of the article using the Research Analysis Matrix section of the template.The response partially explains the justification of whether or not to recommend the use of the article to inform professional practice.14 (14%) – 15 (15%)The response provides a vague or inaccurate analysis of the article using the Research Analysis Matrix section of the template.The response vaguely or inaccurately explains the justification of whether or not to recommend the use of the article to inform professional practice.0 (0%) – 13 (13%)The response provides a vague and inaccurate analysis of the article using the Research Analysis Matrix section of the template, or is missing.The response vaguely and inaccurately explains the justification of whether or not to recommend the use of the article to inform professional practice, or is missing.Write a 2-3 paragraph summary that you will add to your Academic Success and Professional Development Plan that includes the following:· Describe your approach to identifying and analyzing peer-reviewed research.· Identify at least two strategies that you would use that you found to be effective in finding peer-reviewed research.· Identify at least one resource you intend to use in the future to find peer-reviewed research.41 (41%) – 45 (45%)The response clearly and accurately describes in detail the approach to identifying and analyzing peer-reviewed research.The response clearly identifies and accurately describes in detail at least two strategies used to be effective in finding peer-reviewed research.The response provides a complete, detailed, and specific synthesis of at least one outside resource that may be used in the future to find peer-reviewed research. The response fully integrates at least 1 outside resource and 2-3 course specific resources that fully supports the summary provided.36 (36%) – 40 (40%)The response partially describes the approach to identifying and analyzing peer-reviewed research.The response partially identifies and describes at least two strategies used to be effective in finding peer-reviewed research.The response provides an accurate synthesis of at least one outside resource that may be used in the future to find peer-reviewed research. The response integrates at least 1 outside resource and 2-3 course specific resources that support the summary provided.32 (32%) – 35 (35%)The response vaguely or inaccurately describes the approach to identifying and analyzing peer-reviewed research.The response vaguely or inaccurately identifies and describes at least two strategies used to be effective in finding peer-reviewed research.The response vaguely or inaccurately synthesizes at least one outside resource that may be used in the future to find peer-reviewed research. The response minimally integrates resources that may support the summary provided.0 (0%) – 31 (31%)The response vaguely and inaccurately describes the approach to identifying and analyzing peer-reviewed research, or is missing.The response vaguely and inaccurately identifies and describes at least two strategies used to be effective in finding peer-reviewed research, or is missing.The response fails to integrate any resources that may be used in the future to find peer-reviewed research to support the summary provided, or is missing.Written Expression and Formatting – Paragraph Development and Organization:Paragraphs make clear points that support well developed ideas, flow logically, and demonstrate continuity of ideas. Sentences are carefully focused–neither long and rambling nor short and lacking substance. A clear and comprehensive purpose statement and introduction is provided which delineates all required criteria.5 (5%) – 5 (5%)Paragraphs and sentences follow writing standards for flow, continuity, and clarity.A clear and comprehensive purpose statement, introduction, and conclusion is provided which delineates all required criteria.4 (4%) – 4 (4%)Paragraphs and sentences follow writing standards for flow, continuity, and clarity 80% of the time.Purpose, introduction, and conclusion of the assignment is stated, yet is brief and not descriptive.3.5 (3.5%) – 3.5 (3.5%)Paragraphs and sentences follow writing standards for flow, continuity, and clarity 60%- 79% of the time.Purpose, introduction, and conclusion of the assignment is vague or off topic.0 (0%) – 3 (3%)Paragraphs and sentences follow writing standards for flow, continuity, and clarity < 60% of the time.No purpose statement, introduction, or conclusion was provided.Written Expression and Formatting – English writing standards:Correct grammar, mechanics, and proper punctuation5 (5%) – 5 (5%)Uses correct grammar, spelling, and punctuation with no errors.4 (4%) – 4 (4%)Contains a few (1-2) grammar, spelling, and punctuation errors.3.5 (3.5%) – 3.5 (3.5%)Contains several (3-4) grammar, spelling, and punctuation errors.0 (0%) – 3 (3%)Contains many (≥ 5) grammar, spelling, and punctuation errors that interfere with the reader’s understanding.Written Expression and Formatting – The paper follows correct APA format for title page, headings, font, spacing, margins, indentations, page numbers, running head, parenthetical/in-text citations, and reference list.5 (5%) – 5 (5%)Uses correct APA format with no errors.4 (4%) – 4 (4%)Contains a few (1-2) APA format errors.3.5 (3.5%) – 3.5 (3.5%)Contains several (3-4) APA format errors.0 (0%) – 3 (3%)Contains many (≥ 5) APA format errors.Total Points: 100
NURS 6003 Aspen University Academic and Professional MSN Resources Research Analysis

Themes Of Postmodernism In Nissim Ezekiels Poems English Literature Essay

The study of the postmodernists to the realistic, historical and technical aspect of modern era has been strongly deep rooted in being self-conscious, ironical and experimental. Postmodernism focuses on themes such as irony, playfulness, black humour and so on. This paper focuses on the aspects of Postmodernism in an Indian context, with a special reference to NISSIM EZEKIEL. This presentation concentrates on the techniques such as irony, parody and anti – thesis that has a free play in the poems of Nissim Ezekiel. ORIGIN OF MODERN INDIAN ENGLISH POETRY: Modern English poetry in India is one of the many new literatures which began to emerge at the end of the Second World War. The emergence of modern English poetry was a part of modernization which included urbanization, industrialization, independence, social change, etc. Gradually with passing time the English language poetry became more indianized in nature. Such Indianisation had been proceeding for several generations and is prominent in the poetry of Kamala Das and it is more likely to be felt in the verse of Nissim Ezekiel. In 1960’s it is the great trio NISSIM EZEKIEL, KAMALA DAS and A.K. RAMANUJAM who wrote poetry. They all have greatly contributed to the creation of a new literature in English in our country. Indian English Literature in the post 1980 era can be marked as the postmodernist period. Most important poets during this period include – Nissim Ezekiel, Jayantha Mahapatra, A.K. Ramanujam, Kamala Das, Dom Moraes and few others. But, Indian English Poetry got its name only with the publication of Nissim Ezekiel’s “A Time to Change” in London 1952. NISSIM EZEKIEL: Nissim Ezekiel (14 December 1924 – 9 January 2004) was an Indian Jewish poet, playwright, editor and art-critic. He was a foundational figure in postcolonial India’s literary history, specifically for Indian writing in English. He was awarded the Sahitya Akademi Award in 1983 for his Poetry collection, “Latter-Day Psalms”, by the Sahitya Akademi, India’s National Academy of Letters. No discussion in Indian English Poetry in the post-colonial era can begin with any poet other than Ezekiel. To read his poetry is to watch an actor performing a comic play in all its features. He came as a liberating force technically and encouraged poets to make more of interplay of past, present and future. He helped to popularise free verse in Indian English poetry. POSTMODERN ASPECTS IN NISSIM EZEKIEL’S POEMS: Postmodern aspects in Nissim Ezekiel’s poems deal with the theme of irony, playfulness, satire and so on. We come across such themes in Ezekiel’s poems such as “The Professor” and “The Patriot.” IRONY and SATIRE: Satire is primarily a literary genre or form. In satire, follies, abuses, and shortcomings are held up to ridicule, preferably with the intention of embarrassing individuals, and society itself, into improvement. Although satire is usually meant to be funny, its greater purpose is often constructive social criticism, using wit as a weapon. It is common for postmodernist to treat serious subjects in a playful and humorous way. The poem “The Professor” is essentially a satire on Indian English. This poem is in the form of a dialogue between a professor and his old student. But the listener is silent throughout the poem and so it can be termed to be a monologue. The speaker in this poem is a professor and his basic profession is to educate others. But, he himself seems to lack the proper command of the medium he utilizes. Thus it is ironical indeed. From the conversation with his student we come to know that he only showcases his family members. He showcases his sons as a social showpiece. He says, “Are well settled in life. One is sales manager, One is bank manager. Both have cars.” The poet makes fun of the Indian tradition that makes use of rhyming names for their kids. He says, “Sarala and Tarala are married” The speaker in the poem, puts forth with an air of satisfaction that, “Sarala and Tarala are married Their husbands are very nice boys” The poet portrays that in Indian society the end achievement for girls is to get married and to have kids. And for boys on the other hand is to be in a good position and to have a high pay. His language is very amusing. It appears to be a direct translation of the native language with the same structure and tone. But, though the tone is serious, the subject is very trivial in nature. The speaker asks the listener a question that is so indifferent. He says, “How many issues you have? Three? That is good. These are days of family planning I am not against. We have to change with times. Whole world is changing. In India also We are keeping up. Our progress is progressing. Old values are going, new values are coming. Everything is happening with leaps and bounds.” This conversation does not verge on academic topics. Though he seems to advocate family planning, he doesn’t seem to adopt it. The professor that is portrayed in this poem proves to be a good one neither academically nor morally supportive one. He seems to be hopelessly egocentric obsessed with his own matters. Thus this poem in way typically portrays the Indian mentality for his age and position in society. The poet in a subtle sarcastic way ridicules the mindset of the old age people. The style that the poet uses to describe this leaves a far greater impact on the readers mind than the content itself. The poem “The Patriot” is another example of postmodern poem that essentially deals with the theme of patriotism. Though patriotism is a serious subject to be discussed, the post persona in this poem deals about this in a very light and playful way. In this poem he mainly deals about many serious concepts such as Unity in Diversity, Brotherly Love and Progress in Science and Technology. UNITY IN DIVERSITY: He talks about the principle that is being followed in India. “In India also Gujaratis, Maharashtrians, Hindiwallahs All brothers – Though some are having funny habits. Still, you tolerate me I tolerate you.” BROTHERLY LOVE: When he talks about brotherhood he says, “All men are brothers no?” Though he deals with a serious subject, its seriousness is not recognised by the reader because his thoughts are directly translated into English from a common Indian speech in this poem. This poem projects the Indian flavour by stressing on the various mistakes that the Indians commit while they use the English language. Thus Ezekiel is a poet of many themes and one who finds wide range of subjects and variety in his poetry. His poetry is also not born out of dogma and he doesn’t confine himself to a particular type, theme and technique. His new poetry demanded a new use of language and called for the use of everyday speech rhythm in his poetry. Thus Ezekiel has succeeded in creating a new Indian English idiom to a great extant.

Biography of Mumia Abu-Jamal Research Paper

online homework help Mumia Abu-Jamal was born on April 24, 1954 in Philadelphia. He was a radical politician and an activist in the Black Panther Party (Weinglass 16). He was a strong follower of religious teachings preached by John Africa. There are many versions that have been forwarded by the people who knew Abu-Jamal. These people describe him as a political prisoner due to spreading radical views through the articles he wrote as a journalist. Some people view him as a radical former member of the Philadelphian chapter of the Black Panther Party, while the others consider this movement as a vicious criminal gang which killed a police officer. The case of Abu-Jamal showed the rot in the judicial system of the United States. His case raised the issue of the racial discrimination in the criminal justice system of the US where the rich and politically influential were favored by the state authorities. Abu-Jamal became interested in and joined politics at a very tender age. At the age of 14, he first experienced violation of his rights by the Philadelphian police department. He and his other three friends who were also of African Americans origin from the Northern South of the city went onto the streets protesting against segregationist in the selection of presidential candidate. A group of whites who were later identified as racists began beating them. Abu-Jamal ran into a police station to seek security but the police officer in charge turned against them and aided the white racists to beat them up. They were then arrested and fined for causing political insecurity. This accident motivated Abu-Jamal to help founding the Philadelphia Branch of the Black Panthers Party where he was elected as the Minister of Information. That same year, he was found distributing pamphlets on black military revolution and expelled from school. In 1970, Abu-Jamal spend the summer in California working as a journalist for the Black Panther. This was the experience that charged him into writing provocative political literature. He then returned to Philadelphia, but since that time, his activist views was reflected in Philadelphian Inquirer newspaper. It published his articles on the front page, and that aroused the attention of the Federal Bureau of Investigations (FBI) and the Philadelphian police. The government began to monitor his moves, and before he even reached the voting age, the government had declared him a state enemy. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The Black Panther Party fell into disarray in 1970, and Abu-Jamal joined radio journalism where he was called as the ‘voice of the voiceless’. His reporting for the black networks brought him closer to another African American political organization called the Philadelphia based MOVE. This movement became expressing extremely militant views and attitude in 1977 as its heavily armed members were used to fight against the police. Abu-Jamal reported these incidences in favor of MOVE and challenged the speech given by Mr. Frank Rizzo who was the mayor of Philadelphia. A police officer, Daniel Faulker, beat and killed Abu-Jamal’s brother, William Cook. When Abu-Jamal came to his rescue, he was shot, and the police disappeared. This case was taken to court but since Abu-Jamal lacked a defense lawyer, it was dismissed. That attracted a lot of attention of the public and American celebrities, left wing politicians and amnesty human rights group decided to back him. He took new defense lawyers who reinstated the case as a new trial. The report given by the police was inconsistent, and lacked facts. Abu-Jamal had still faced a death sentence for allegedly killing a police officer, Daniel Faulker, but later, it was changed to the life imprisonment (Matheson par. 3). Works Cited Matheson, Kathy. “Death penalty dropped against Mumia Abu-Jamal”. Associated Press 7 Dec. 2011. Web. . Weinglass, Leornard. Race for justice: Mumia Abu-Jamal’s fight against the death penalty. Monroe, ME: Common Courage Press, 1995. Print.

1. Choose a job posting for a job that you would like to have when you finish this phase

1. Choose a job posting for a job that you would like to have when you finish this phase of your education. Feel free to use a website like 2. Read the section that lists the skills required in the job. Read through the responsibilities or duties. 3. Choose three of the responsibilities and propose an open-ended interview question for each responsibility that you would use if you were the hiring manager for that job. 4. Apply concepts you learn from the required readings from the textbook: How did our course learning outcomes listed at the beginning of the syllabus prepare you for this job? List specific learning objectives and show how they relate to specific job responsibilities.

Towson University Social Media Marketing Essay

Towson University Social Media Marketing Essay.

I’m working on a marketing writing question and need support to help me understand better.

First paper : This assignment can easily be completed by submitting a 1 page (full of content) only typewritten report. Choose a local business (or it can a nationwide business too) that is utilizing social media effectively. Analyze what they are doing by conducting your own social media monitoring. What tools can you use? What are the company’s objectives? What are they doing right?Second paper : Consider each step in the selling process. Which steps could be conducted through technology (Internet, webinars, etc.)? Which are most important to handle “face-to-face”?
Towson University Social Media Marketing Essay