The median incomes of females in each state of the United States, including the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico, are given in table #2.2.10 (“Median income of,” 2013).Create a frequency distribution, relative frequency distribution, and cumulative frequency distribution using 7 classes.
Table #2.2.10: Data of Median Income for Females
Create a histogram and relative frequency histogram for the data in table #2.2.10.Describe the shape and any findings you can from the graph.
Create an ogive for the data in table #2.2.10.Describe any findings you can from the graph.
Table #2.3.7 contains the value of the house and the amount of rental income in a year that the house brings in (“Capital and rental,” 2013).Create a scatter plot and state if there is a relationship between the value of the house and the annual rental income.
Table #2.3.7: Data of House Value versus Rental
The economic crisis of 2008 affected many countries, though some more than others.Some people in Australia have claimed that Australia wasn’t hurt that badly from the crisis.The bank assets (in billions of Australia dollars (AUD)) of the Reserve Bank of Australia (RBA) for the time period of March 2007 through March 2013 are contained in table #2.3.11 (“B1 assets of,” 2013).Create a time-series plot and interpret any findings.
Table #2.3.11: Data of Date versus RBA Assets
Assets in billions of AUD
The lengths (in kilometers) of rivers on the South Island of New Zealand that flow to the Pacific Ocean are listed in table #3.1.8 (Lee, 1994).Find the mean, median, and mode.
Table #3.1.8: Lengths of Rivers (km) Flowing to Pacific Ocean
State which type of measurement scale each represents, and then which center measures can be use for the variable?
a.)You collect data on the height of plants using a new fertilizer.
b.)You collect data on the cars that people drive in Campbelltown, Australia.
c.)You collect data on the temperature at different locations in Antarctica.
d.)You collect data on the first, second, and third winner in a beer competition.
An employee at Coconino Community College (CCC) is evaluated based on goal setting and accomplishments toward goals, job effectiveness, competencies, CCC core values.Suppose for a specific employee, goal 1 has a weight of 20%, goal 2 has a weight of 20%, goal 3 has a weight of 10%, job effectiveness has a weight of 25%, competency 1 has a goal of 4%, competency 2 has a goal has a weight of 3%, competency 3 has a weight of 3%, competency 4 has a weight of 5%, and core values has a weight of 10%.Suppose the employee has scores of 2.0 for goal 1, 2.0 for goal 2, 4.0 for goal 3, 3.0 for job effectiveness, 2.0 for competency 1, 3.0 for competency 2, 2.0 for competency 3, 3.0 for competency 4, and 4.0 for core values.Find the weighted average score for this employee.If an employee that has a score less than 2.5, they must have a Performance Enhancement Plan written.Does this employee need a plan?
The lengths (in kilometers) of rivers on the South Island of New Zealand that flow to the Pacific Ocean are listed in table #3.2.9 (Lee, 1994).
Table #3.2.9: Lengths of Rivers (km) Flowing to Pacific Ocean
a.)Find the mean and median.
b.)Find the range.
c.)Find the variance and standard deviation.
Print-O-Matic printing company spends specific amounts on fixed costs every month.The costs of those fixed costs are in table #3.2.13.
Table #3.2.13: Fixed Costs for Print-O-Matic Printing Company
Monthly cost ($)
a.)Find the mean and median.
b.)Find the range.
c.)Find the variance and standard deviation.
In this module, you will submit the final project, the collection manager program responding the recipe scenario.
As you prepare your final project, be sure to use feedback from your instructor to revise your work from the final project milestones. You will also need to add a driver application to the program, such as the one you developed in Stepping Stone Lab Six.Note, too, that the final project requires two types of documentation not included in earlier stepping stones or the final project milestones:
Inline comments directed toward software engineers about design decisions to facilitate the program’s ongoing maintenance
Application programming interface (API) documentation for your programmatic solution directed toward other software developers
To complete this assignment, review the Final Project Guidelines and Rubric document.
Hoe to submit a final collection manager program?
This is the first step to identifying and researching your final presentation research project topic. This is also a multi-step process involving receiving instructor approval for your topic and two sources, completing peer review in Literacy, and submitting your final paper in History.You might find it helpful to re-watch the Historical Significance, Historical Context, and Primary and Secondary Source videos in the Historical Thinking Lecture Series. I designed those lectures with your exams and final research project in mind. Purpose: The purpose of this assignment is to provide you with an opportunity to identify your final research project topic, assess the historical significance of your topic and begin crafting your argument, conduct research on your topic, develop the historical context for your topic, and practice primary source document analysis on a primary source you will use in your research topic. Skills: This assignment will help you: Learn and practice developing a thesis statement;Learn and practice analyzing primary and secondary sources;Learn and practice using both primary and secondary sources to develop your historical interpretation regarding your presentation topic. Knowledge: By completing this assignment, you will: Better understand how historians assess historical significance;Better understand how to evaluate primary and secondary sources;Gain insight into one contemporary perspective about your research topic (primary source);Gain insight into the general history of your research topic (secondary source). Tasks: To complete this exam successfully, you will need to: Identify your research topic;Identify one primary sources (first-hand accounts that include, but are not limited to, letters, diaries, newspaper articles, art, propaganda materials, material culture, etc.);Identify one secondary source (a book, journal article, etc.)Complete and submit the “Topic and Source Approval” Assignment in BlackBoard by 11:59 PM, Friday, September 11 (10 points);Write a rough draft and complete “Peer Review” per Literacy instructions (25 points);Write and submit a full 2-3 page paper that:Introduces your topic and explains why it is historically significant;Introduces your secondary source, explains why this is a valid source, and uses the source to set up the historical context for your topic;Introduces your primary source, explains why this is a valid source, and uses the source as evidence;Concludes your paper with the following pointsWhat are your sources strongest and weakest points? How do the sources support or challenge your interpretation of your research topic?What other information/sources will you need to help you build the next stage of your project?Your paper is must be formatted properly, with 12 Times New Roman font, one inch margins, double-spaced, and MLA citations. Your paper must be submitted to the Exam 1 assignment in BlackBoard by 3:00 PM, Friday, September 18 (65 points). Be sure to consider the following questions in your paper: Background on each sources’ authors/creators: Occupation? Gender? Race? Social class? Religious background? Political affiliations? Do these things matter? If so, how?What was their purpose in creating the source? What was the main point/argument?Who was their intended audience?Historical Context:When and where?What else was happening at the time the documents were produced and how are the documents connected to these events?Usefulness of the Sources: What did you learn from the source about the historical context? Include examples.What did you learn from the source that you will use in your presentation? Include examples.Does the author have a bias? Include examples. What are the limits of this source? Consider perspective, whether the source includes specific evidence to support a position or is primarily opinion, what this source helps you answer and what it leaves unanswered, etc. This is the first
step to identifying and researching your final presentation research project
topic. This is also a multi-step process involving receiving instructor
approval for your topic and two sources, completing peer review in Literacy,
and submitting your final paper in History.
You might find it helpful to re-watch the Historical Significance,
Historical Context, and Primary and Secondary Source videos in the Historical
Thinking Lecture Series. I designed those lectures with your exams and final
research project in mind.
Central Arkansas Architectural Structures of Egyptian Pyramids Discussion
CJUS 620 Liberty University Traumatic Stress of Law Enforcement Essay
CJUS 620 Liberty University Traumatic Stress of Law Enforcement Essay.
Choose and critically review one (1) recent peer-reviewed articles in a minimum of 2 pages. The paper must follow current APA guidelines. The page count does not include the title page, abstract, reference section, or any extra material.You will select and read one article. At a minimum, you must pay particular attention to the identification of the premise and supporting points of the article, a synthesis of the article and the corresponding material in the textbook or a synthesis of the article with your personal experience with the topic, and a critical evaluation of the premise(s) and supporting points of the article.The article must be related to the psychology of traumatic stresses of law enforcement
CJUS 620 Liberty University Traumatic Stress of Law Enforcement Essay
Paraneoplastic Syndromes in Domestic Cats
assignment helper Paraneoplastic Syndromes in Domestic Cats. A closer look at…Paraneoplastic Syndromes in Domestic Cats Paraneoplastic syndromes (PNSs) are changes (anatomical, structural, or functional) caused by certain malignant tumors. Some feline PNSs are frequent, whereas others are rare. Most commonly, PNSs are associated with generalized clinical signs involving areas distant to the primary tumor. Classification of PNSs is often based on the anatomical location affected. Although more common in older cats, PNSs are not overrepresented in specific breeds or gender. PNSs are important for several reasons. Firstly, PNSs are often the first indicator an animal has cancer. Secondly, some PNSs are specific to particular tumor types, thus they can aid in diagnosis or monitoring of the cancer. Since PNSs can cause more serious symptoms than the tumor, prompt diagnosis and treatment initiation is important. In cases where PNSs are apparent, management includes supportive care and treatment of the primary tumor. Animals can be affected with multiple PNSs at the same time, so a thorough physical exam and detailed history are essential. Owners’ primary complaints do not always indicate cancer or a PNS exists. Therefore, as veterinary nurses, we can help the veterinarian and patient immensely by asking owners supplementary questions and making fewer assumptions about the pet, no matter why they originally present to the veterinary hospital. Gastrointestinal PNSs Gastrointestinal related PNSs are common in cats. Cachexia and anorexia both result in malnutrition and wasting of the patient, however, by different mechanisms. Anorexia is caused by a lack of proper nutritional intake manifested by a loss of appetite. The appetite loss could result from general malaise (due to cancer), treatments (such as chemotherapy), or the cat is physically unable to eat. When a cat is feeling sick from systemic cancer or nauseous from cancer treatments, appetite stimulants and anti-nausea medications can be prescribed. In addition, nutritional support and treatment of the primary cancer are often necessary in these patients. When a cat physically cannot eat due to cancer (which can be common with oral tumors such as squamous cell carcinoma or fibrosarcoma), surgery to remove the tumor and post-operative use of a feeding tube is often the best course of treatment. When cancer has progressed past the point of initiating aggressive treatment such as surgery, it is not recommended to place a feeding tube. This is because force-feeding a cat (with a painful tumor) is not associated with a good quality of life. For these patients, other palliative care (such as pain control) and end-of-life discussions may be more important. Cachexia is defined as weight loss or muscle wasting while eating an appropriate amount of food. The mechanism of cachexia is complex because it can be attributed to multiple factors (such as metabolic changes, impaired digestion, tumor dependency on glucose, nutrient loss in effusions or exudates related to the cancer, endocrine derangement, humoral factor imbalances, or any combination of the preceding). Importantly, increasing caloric intake of a cachectic patient often will not reverse the symptoms. This is because treatment of cancer itself (with symptomatic management) is often necessary to effectively reverse the symptoms of cachexia. Tumor cells have a tendency to selectively use carbohydrates (and occasionally proteins) as energy sources, so diets with a higher fat content may benefit these patients. Many cachectic patients have difficulty staying adequately hydrated, so a food with higher water content (ex. canned food or dry food with added water) is useful. The American College of Veterinary Nutrition (ACVN) has recommended multiple diets for cats with cancer, but ultimately a feline diet that the cat will eat is the best option. Endocrine PNSs When a cat has an endocrinologic tumor, the tumor can produce hormones of the originating tissue at an uncontrolled rate. For example, thyroid carcinoma can cause hyperthyroidism. Surgical removal of the tumor usually alleviates any clinical signs associated with hyperthyroidism. Close monitoring of thyroid hormone levels after surgery is important because cats may become hypothyroid. If the tumor recurs, thyroid hormone levels can rise. Thus, thyroid hormone levels can be an indicator of tumor recurrence and should be checked regularly. Hypoglycemia is another PNS that can be seen in cats. Most commonly, hypoglycemia is seen in cats with an insulinoma which produces excess insulin causing low blood glucose (< 60 mg/dl). Clinical signs may include increased hunger, muscle fasciculation, lethargy, weakness, collapse, and ultimately death. Treatment of hypoglycemia includes removal of the tumor and supportive care with IV dextrose. Monitoring the blood glucose levels before and after surgery is vital, as surgical removal of the tumor can cause insulin deficiency (type I diabetes mellitus). Hypercalcemia is another PNS, which is sometimes idiopathic. Increased hormone (parathyroid hormone, vitamin D, calcitonin) production can cause an imbalance in calcium homeostasis. Hypercalcemia can be seen in tumors such as lymphoma (especially mediastinal lymphoma), thymoma, multiple myeloma, and squamous cell carcinoma. Adverse consequences of hypercalcemia may include inappetence, vomiting, weakness, bradycardia, renal disease, cardiac arrhythmias, and obtundation. If left untreated, severe hypercalcemia can result in permanent disease (such as renal failure) or death (due to arrhythmia etc.) so it should be considered a medical emergency. Treatment involves treating the tumor (ex. surgery), combined with supportive care including drugs such as diuretics, glucocorticoids, and bisphosphonates. While treating for hypercalcemia, veterinary nurses must monitor patients diligently as close monitoring can make a life and death difference. Felines with accompanying heart disease require even more intense observation while being treated for hypercalcemia, as fluid overload could push the patient into heart failure. Being knowledgeable veterinary nurses is exceptionally important for these cats. Hematologic PNSs One of the most common feline PNSs is anemia. There are multiple causes for anemia including hemorrhage, red blood cell destruction, and decreased red blood cell production. Based on the cause, anemia is classified as regenerative or non-regenerative. Clinical signs of anemia may include lethargy, weakness, tachycardia, anorexia, and pale mucous membranes. Anemic cats commonly present to a clinic for other problems, thus, anemia is often found incidentally. There are many cancers associated with anemia. Examples include, but are not limited to lymphoma, multiple myeloma, hemangiosarcoma, mast cell tumor, and gastrointestinal tumors. Treatment is based on the cause of anemia. In all cases, the cancer should be removed or treated whenever possible. Blood transfusions and supplementation (ex. iron, erythropoietin, or immune modulators) may be indicated in some cats. Multiple myeloma can cause hyperglobulinemia (excessive production of immunoglobulin). This PNS can also be seen in cats with lymphoma, and clinical signs are usually nonspecific. Treatment includes chemotherapy to address the cancer, and potentially plasmapheresis. Coagulopathies are another hematologic PNS seen is cats. Though the cause varies depending on the type of cancer, management involves treatment of the tumor and supportive care. Intravenous transfusions of whole blood or fresh frozen plasma may be needed. When a coagulopathy is present, it is important to handle the patient carefully (to avoid trauma and hemorrhage) and never draw blood from the jugular vein or perform any invasive procedures (ex. biopsy). Having a pressure bandage ready for venipuncture and aspiration sites is important. Patients with coagulopathies can decompensate quickly so experienced nursing practices are essential. Cutaneous PNSs Cutaneous PNSs are rare in cats. When identified, however, they can aid in diagnosis of cancer (once other diseases have been ruled out). When cats present with a cutaneous PNS they are often systemically ill with no major abnormalities on bloodwork. Generalized exfoliative dermatitis is a PNS reported in cats diagnosed with thymoma. When the tumor is removed surgically, the dermatitis resolves. There are few studies reporting feline exfoliative dermatitis. If surgery is not a treatment option, chemotherapy and/or radiation therapy may be considered. Paraneoplastic alopecia (PA) is an infrequent and potentially diagnostic PNS seen in pancreatic and biliary carcinomas. The alopecia is acute and symmetrical with the skin often having an oily or glossy appearance. Hair along the edges of alopecia falls out easily. If the tumor is removed surgically, the alopecia may resolve. Unfortunately, by the time PA is diagnosed, the cancer has often progressed to a point where prognosis is poor. These cats are primarily treated with a palliative intent to decrease discomfort and any secondary bacterial or yeast infections in the skin. Skeletal PNSs A rare and painful PNS is hypertrophic osteopathy (HO). This syndrome is caused by uncontrolled proliferation of bone cells and patients often present lame or reluctant to move. Although HO can be seen with any tumor, it is commonly associated with primary lung tumors. It is important to distinguish HO from feline lung-digit syndrome (which is more commonly recognized). Lung digit syndrome is seen when a primary tumor metastasizes to a digit. Removal of the primary tumor often results in remission of HO. Remission can take weeks to months. Pain control is important to keep the patient comfortable until the HO is resolved. Conclusion Client communication with owners of cats suffering from a PNS is extremely important. Subtle changes during (or after) treatments can be signs of cancer recurrence or spread. It is unfortunate that many PNSs have generalized nonspecific clinical signs which makes them difficult to identify. This is why veterinary nurses must be attentive to any question an owner may have about their cat, regardless of the perceived urgency. A PNS can have a higher morbidity rate than the cancer itself, therefore the earlier a change is noted, the higher chance a patient has at a favorable prognosis. During treatments for cancer or PNSs there are a multitude of complications that may arise. Veterinary nurses are commonly the first to notice subtle changes before the onset of a crisis. PNSs can complicate the management of pets with cancer. It is important for veterinary nurses to be compassionate and attentive, especially for owners of cats with PNSs. 1500 words photos Due end of February 2019 Tumors in Domestic Animals: Fifth edition, edited by Donald J Meuten, Published by John Wiley and Sons Inc. 2017 in Ames, Iowa. Pg. 306 ***** Feline Oncology: A Comprehensive Guide to Compassionate Care. By Gregory K Ogilvie and Antony S Moore. Publishes by Veterinary learning Systems in Trenton NJ. 2001 Rottenberg, C, von Tscharner, C. et al (2005) “Thymoma-associated Exfoliative Dermatitis in Cats.” Veterinary Pathology 41(4):429–433 https://www.mspca.org/angell_services/paraneoplastic-alopecia-in-cats/ Turek, M. M. (2003). “Cutaneous paraneoplastic syndromes in dogs and cats: a review of the literature.” Veterinary Dermatology 14(6): 279-296. Hypertrophic osteopathy secondary to pulmonary sarcoma in a cat J. M. Grierson*, C. A. Burton and M. J. Brearley Davies White Veterinary Specialists, Manor Farm Business Park, Higham Gobion, Hertfordshire, UK Regression of Hypertrophic Osteopathy in a Cat After Surgical Excision of an Adrenocortical Carcinoma. J Am Anim Hosp Assoc 1999;35:499–505. Timothy J. Becker, DVM, Diplomate ACVIM Ruby L. Perry, DVM, Diplomate ACVR G. L. Watson, DVM, Diplomate ACVP Feline hypertrophic osteopathy associated with pulmonary carcinoma. Author(s) : Gram, W. D. ; Wheaton, L. G. ; Snyder, P. W. ; Losonsky, J. M. ; Whiteley, H. E. Author Affiliation : Department of Veterinary Clinical Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Illinois, 1008 West Hazelwood Drive, Urbana, IL 61801, USA. Journal article : Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association 1990 Vol.26 No.4 pp.425-428 ref.9 Johnson, R. L.,Paraneoplastic Syndromes in Domestic Cats
Bacchus and Ariadne Titian: Critical Analysis
Bacchus and Ariadne Titian: Critical Analysis. Bacchus and Ariadne Tiziano Vecello, known in the English speaking world as Titian, was born in Cadore which is in the Southern Alps between the years of 1487 -1490. He was born into a family of lawyers and administrators and so enjoyed a relatively privileged upbringing. The early Sixteenth Century saw a flourishing in Italian art. Indeed, set against the span of Art History it was one of the greatest periods and is known by the term “Cinquecento” and The Venetian Cinquecento masters included Giorgione and Titian. Titian, as a painter, pushed the boundaries of art and its meaning and challenged the pre eminence of the sculptural art form. His paintings are characterised by their ability to capture the qualities to be found in the subject through composition, technique and use of medium. His early influences were seminal. Around 1500, and before he was ten years old, Titian was sent to Venice. He was initially destined to be an apprentice to a mosaicist, Zuccati, but when his master saw he had the ability to draw he was sent to work in a painting school. Titian found himself under the tutorage of the elderly Giovanni Bellini, who was the leading artist in Venice. Whilst working under the Bellinis – father and then son – Titian was exposed to the new influences that were to be found in the work of the Flemish painters especially in their use of oils and varnish glazes. Bellini softened his landscapes through the use of these techniques. Titian embraced these techniques during these formative years and it soon became apparent he possessed a rare talent eventually out shining his master. The popular and accomplished masters in Venice heavily influenced Titian. As a teenager he worked with Giorgione and it is this influence that is evident in Titian’s early paintings, such as the ‘Gipsy Madonna’ in 1510. Four years after the death of Giorgione, Titian decided to start up his own workshop. His career went from strength to strength, precipitated in part by the commission of ‘The Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary’ in the Frari Church. By the age of thirty, Titian was established as the leading artist in Venice; this granted him celebrity status with a European clientele, which included noblemen, merchants and eventually monarchs. Titian started to attract the attention of famous Italian Patrons, such as the Renaissance family D’Este from Ferrara. The D’Este family originally commissioned ‘The Triumph of Bacchus’ to be painted by Raphael who had been paid in advance for the work but unfortunately Raphael had only completed a preliminary sketch before he died in 1520. This commission was then assumed by Titian and led to the production of five paintings that were to hang in the Camerino room, a private luxury apartment in the Ferrara Place. Titian was sought after and by an impressive list of patrons and esteemed clientele such as the Holy Roman Emperor, the Pope and Charles the 5th. Titian was now in a position to pick and choose his commissions. He was known as the “Lomazzo described him as the ‘sun amidst small stars not only among the Italians but all the painters of the world”. An illustration of the esteem with which he was held is quoted by Titian’s early biographers “even the Emperor Charles V picked up the paint brush Titian had dropped”. Titian was as an outstanding draughtsman regarded on a par with Michelangelo’s genius. A milestone in Titian’s career was his appointment as a court painter. He became a member of the “Order of the Golden Spire”, which gave him the rights of a courtier. Titian lived a long and prosperous life and died on the 27th of August 1576. He was laid to rest in the very church in Frari, which was home to his ‘The Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary’. The very painting that marked the start of Titian’s glorious carrier as one of the most influential Venetian painters in Italian history. One of Titian’s most remarkable paintings is hanging in The National Gallery in London. This is the painting of Bacchus and Ariadne, which was completed around 1520-23. This painting was commissioned by Duke Alfonso D’Este who ordered a set of five paintings for his private room in his palace at Ferrara. The series was known as one of the high points in Italian Renaissance art. This diagram shows the exact location in the Camerino room where the painting of Bacchus and Ariadne (No 1) would have hung. Showing that the painting was above a door in the private room. It also illustrates that the painting would experience light through the window at dusk and dawn, illuminating the painting at the start and the end of the day. This would make it the focal point in the room, hung to its best advantage so that its owner, Alfonso D’Este could enjoy his passion and indulge his love for the Greek and Roman style of paintings. The other paintings in the room also commissioned by Titian are as follows: 1) Bacchus and Ariadne; 2) The Andrians; 3) The feast of the Gods; 4) Bacchanal with Vulcan and lastly the 5) is The Worship of Venus. Three of the five paintings are dedicated to exuberant feasts and falling in love. Titian derived most of his painting from Greek and Roman literature. The story of Bacchus and Ariadne was specifically drawn from the classical writers Ovid and Catullus. In fact Titian often depicted scenes that were inspired by Classical Mythology and that feature Bacchanalian scenes. The painting illustrates the moment in classical myth when Ariadne is stranded on a desert island. Bacchus the god of wine is riding in his chariot when he stumbles across her. The picturesque landscape with the receding sea touching the magical coastline gracefully lends itself as a fitting backdrop to this magical, chance rendezvous. The painting depicts the moment the lovers meet for the first time: “She, then, pitifully looking out at the receding boat,/ wounded, was spinning convoluted cares in her mind./ Then came swooping from somewhere Bacchus in his prime/ his cult of Satyrs, with his mountain-born Sileni,/ seeking you, Ariadne, aflame with love for you”. This poem by Catullus, describes a covering on the royal marriage bed, embroidered with scenes from the legend. The King of Crete had a daughter named Ariadne. She is one of the main characters depicted in this painting on the left. She abandoned her home to follow the Athenian Theseus, with who she was in love. Although she had helped Theseus escape Crete and the ferocious wrath of the Minotaur, Theseus abandons Ariadne on this island of Naxons. His ship is still visible in the distance as he sails off. The ship acts as a symbol to the viewer of lost love. Naxos is where the painting is set and captures the moment that a new lover in the form of Bacchus the God of Intoxication enters her life. It is clear from the expression on Ariadne’s face that she is still grieving for Theseus but is also startled by the God of Inspiration and Intoxication accompanied by his Satyrs. The story continues with Bacchus instantly falling in love with Ariadne and convincing her that if she will marry him, her wedding present will be that when she dies he will take her wedding diadem, raise it to the havens and turn it into a constellation in the sky. This symbolises their union. The stars that are visible above Ariadne’s head in the painting represent this. This painting holds all the key elements of a joyful, energetic and manic love, which takes the traditional subject matter of art mythology and revitalises it. From looking at Bacchus we can see the intensity of his passion. The most shocking, unusual and visually interesting part of this picture is the way in which Bacchus is frozen in time and that his stare is tangible. The wild party and entourage seem to be paused in their frivolities, some critics think that this parallels a brief but paused moment in Titian’s own career. Titian always manages to portray a sense of unity within his paintings even though his contemporaries at the time would have unfavourably judged his work and thought it disjointed, even going so far as to call it lopsided, a comment made about the portrait of a ‘Young Englishman’. But he managed to balance his pictures using light and colour and form and the result is he “fused beauty and harmony to marry with Greek and Roman antiquity”. This fusion and unity is clear once the elements of this painting are broken down. The calm blue waters to the left of the painting balance the riotous satyrs and maenads who are carrying the symbols of Bacchus’ cult. He also used complimentary colours in this painting, red, green, blue and orange as it equalises the overall impact of the piece to the viewer. The painting is given depth and perspective by the use and colour of the sea surrounding Naxos. The deep blue is heightened by the orange complementarities, which stand in stark contrast to the reds and greens. Although the art form is often thought to be merely about colour, arrangement and drawing, Titian thought about the nature of what he was trying to depict. Titian was a master of vibrant exuberant Venetian colour and this painting is a glorious celebration of ‘colour balance’. This new way of thinking signified the shift of art into a new realm. Amongst his contemporaries Titian was seen to break the traditional rules of composition. This colour experimentation is seen in the painting of Ariadne, which almost gives the illusion that the painting is lit from behind, giving the feeling of luminosity. Titians skills and techniques are quite extraordinary and he can almost turn oil paint into flesh while strongly portraying the characters’ physical expressiveness. It is thought that the satyr struggling with the snakes which is depicted in Bacchus and Ariadne is based on a classical sculpture discovered in 1506, ‘Laocoön’ in the Vatican. There is much symbolism that can be derived from this picture in the National. There are the obvious clues that are distinctly visible to the viewer, such as the starry crown to the left of the picture and Theseus’ship. But there are also hidden meanings that can be coded from studying certain aspect of the picture. The frivolous company of maenads and stryrs that are carrying symbolic items that distinguish Bacchus’ cult. For instance the satyr that is covered in grapevines is waving a bull’s leg whilst the bacchante is waving a tambourine, adding to the sense of riotous joy and exothermic energetic excitement. The viewer can also see that these two members of the carnival are looking at each other, mirroring Bacchus and Ariadne. This rebellious, drunken procession is fuelled with power, aggression and a hint of violence shown by the severed calf’s head. As if the company have ripped the animal part in the state of frenzy. This calf’s head is being dragged by the baby satyr who is half man and half goat. He seems to be leading the procession but give the impression that he is not involved in the commotion. The formal leader of this rabble, Bacchus’s foster-father is depicted as the fat Silenus at the back. He is sleeping off his hangover whilst still rounded on his donkey. Silenus depiction injects humour into the painting, as we can see his companions trying to prevent him from falling off his donkey. These smaller figures add a sense of distance and the three bigger figures in the foreground, lead the eye backwards into the landscape as we follow the orthogonal lines resulting in a triangle of perspective and depth. The Sixteenth Century marked a unique era in Venetian style painting, which stood in stark contrast to the traditional characteristics of design and draftmanship commonly found in Italian art. This new style, pioneered by Titan, focused on colour, light and sensuality. It was not just the new subject matter and pigments that were in this state of flux, Titian pioneered new techniques in oil painting. Venice was renowned for its damp, changeable climate and as a result the ancient practise of fresco painting was rendered almost impossible. This affected the painters’ artistic creativity, which resulted in Titian and his peers favouring oil paints on canvas rather than board. But it was in the use of oil that Titian surpassed all other painters. Titian also was able to draw upon the rich literature of the Ancients and he used its subjects as sources of inspiration as in another painting ‘Europa’ which was based upon the themes to be found in the Metamorphoses of Ovid extended by a contemporary of Titian’s the poet Poliziano. Titian gained from studying other artists and incorporated ideas from well-known pieces of classical sculpture. His painting of Bacchus and Ariadne is a triumph of artistic skill and composition with an iconic, freeze frame pose that is instantly recognisable. Through his work Titian is considered one of the most talented painters of the Italian Renaissance and his influence is to be found on painting throughout the subsequent centuries. Bibliography E.H. Gombrich. (1995) ‘The Story Of Art’: London: Phaidon. Patrick De Rynck. ‘How to read a painting’, published by Thames and Hudson (London) July 2004. B Cole. (1984) ‘From Pisano to Titian’: Boulder: Westview Press. C.Hope, J Fletcher. J Dunkerton (2003) ‘Titian’: London National Gallery P Humfrey ‘The Age of Titian’: Edinburgh: National Galleries of Scotland Visual Arts Film. (1989) ‘Great Artists – Titian. Great Artists – Titian. Available at www.videosift.com/video/Great-Artists-Titian  E.H.Gombrich The Story Of Art (1995) p287,329.  Giovanni Boccaccio The famous final line of Dante’s Paradiso, Dante Alighieri 1308-1321,  E.H.Gombrich The Story Of Art (1995) p331  Great Artists-Titian, Televised Autobiography  Catullus, The Wedding of Peleus and Thetis 64:249-264 trans. T.Banks.  E.H.Gombrich The Story of Art (1995) p368. Bacchus and Ariadne Titian: Critical Analysis
Answer QUESTIONS for Task 3 Calss Strategies (TILL)
Answer QUESTIONS for Task 3 Calss Strategies (TILL). I’m trying to study for my Philosophy course and I need some help to understand this question.
Task # 3
POSSIBLE INTERVIEW QUESTIONS FOR ECCE 2360
1. What programs and services do you have for students with special needs in your facility?
2. Why did you want to become a special education teacher?
3. How would you describe the special education classroom 10 years ago, 5 years ago and today? What differences would you see as noteworthy?
4. Identify and explain what special education programs are essential in schools today.
5. How would you address the issue of minority overinclusion in special education?
6. How realistic is the expectation that the majority of our special education students can meet the new standards?
7. If a parent came to you and complained that a teacher is not meeting the needs of his child, how would you respond?
8. How do you delineate the fine line between behaviors caused by a disability and those requiring appropriate punishment?
9. There is much research to support a more inclusive approach to special education: a) What model(s) do you feel would be particularly successful? b) Where would you introduce such a program?
10. How would you handle the fine line between parental involvement and interference in their child’s special education program?
11. Reflect on an experience in education which was a significant challenge or problem and explain how you solved the problem and how you arrived at your solution.
Answer QUESTIONS for Task 3 Calss Strategies (TILL)
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