QUESTION 1How did the establishment of national parks affect the railroad industry?It prevented the construction of tracks through crucial regions.It generated a greater demand for rail travel for tourists from the East.It sparked a corrupt relationship between railroad executives and Congress.QUESTION 2Religious persecution led to the increased immigration of what nationality of people beginning in the 1880s?IrishRussiansScandinavians3 points QUESTION 3Which of the following resulted from the opening of large coal deposits in the United States in the late 1800s?A major steel workers’ strike led to a labor shortage.Americans began to move to and build houses in rural areas.Steam replaced water as the nation’s leading source of energy.3 points QUESTION 4What was an immediate result of the widespread use of the Bessemer converter in the U.S. steel industry?The price of steel plummeted, allowing for more metal goods to be made.A demand for higher-skilled professionals in the steel industry was created.Labor needs were reduced, causing unemployment and anger among workers.3 points QUESTION 5Which book documented the poverty resulting from urbanization in late nineteenth-century New York?The JungleThe Shame of the CitiesHow the Other Half Lives3 points QUESTION 6The Second Industrial Revolution that followed the Civil War was characterized by which of the following?rampant consumerismmass production of goodsa consumer-driven economy3 points QUESTION 7What did the method of manufacturing known as the American system rely upon?the division of laborthe use of the production linethe making of interchangeable parts3 points QUESTION 8In what way did the use of new types of machinery negatively impact industry in the United States?Machines were expensive to purchase and install, leading to unexpected expenses and debt.Machines did the work of many workers, decreasing labor needs and leading to unemployment.Machines were often operated by workers who did not know how to use them, leading to more injuries.3 points QUESTION 9What was the most common reason immigrants came to the United States at the turn of the twentieth century?religious and political freedomgreater economic opportunitiesto escape from famine or plague3 points QUESTION 10Which event was most crucial in steam becoming the leading energy source in the United States by the year 1900?a series of large-scale strikes by coal minersthe discovery and opening of large coal depositsthe building of new dams across major rivers in the West
10 questions multiple chose Quiz in Industrial America in 15 minutes
Create the following positions based upon a job analysis:Mailroom clerk: Entry level for a long-term existing company in San Diego, CA.Manager in the marketing department: Mid-level position in a start-up company, in Scottsdale, AZ.Prepare standard job descriptions of 350 words for each of the positions with the following sections:Job SummaryJob Requirements (Minimum Education, Experience and Certifications and/or training required)Job Functions (Detailed description of the job duties) Make sure each duty begins with a present action verbOther information (KSA’s, physical requirements, working conditions, reporting relationships, location, travel requirements and working hours)Prepare a 350-word paper after the job descriptions are created that includes the following:Explain the pay scale appropriate for the each job (local vs. regional vs. national) and why the pay scale is appropriate to ensure market competivenessDiscuss direct and indirect compensation plans that match that of the company’s lifecycle for each jobFormat your paper consistent with APA guidelines.
Create the following positions based upon a job analysis:
Purpose of Assignment:According to the American Association of Colleges of Nursing (2008),
“Apply safeguards and decision making support tools embedded in patient
care technologies and information systems to support a safe practice
environment for both patients and healthcare workers.”American Association of College of Nursing. (2008). The Essentials of Baccalaureate Education for Professional Nursing Practice. Retrieved from: https://www.aacnnursing.org/Education-Resources/AA…Course Competency:Differentiate the impact of various communication technologies on safety and quality improvement.Content:ScenarioYou are a staff nurse at Healing Spaces Hospital, and through your
dedication and passion for healthcare technologies, you have been voted
as the nursing delegate to sit on the Emerging Innovations Steering
Committee. In preparing for your first committee meeting you have read
through the last year of meeting minutes and determined what the past
nursing delegate had achieved and what future goals were set for this
specific role. The meeting minutes from last month show that the
steering committee is currently looking at emerging communication
technologies and how the hospital can leverage cost effective
technological advances. In preparation for the first meeting you have
created a list of best practices based on your scholarly research and
create a list of action plans for leveraging these into practice.InstructionsYou have just walked into your first steering committee meeting and
quickly see this committee is ready to move forward with levering
technology specific to communication. As the nursing delegate, you have
been tasked with creating a comparative analysis of two communication
technologies and how they can be used to improve communication between
healthcare teams as well as how it can influence patient outcomes.
Before the next monthly committee meeting, they want you to send them a
comparative analysis using a format of your choice (i.e. table) of two
communication technologies that you feel best improve safety and quality
healthcare. Write a comparative analysis including the following:Discuss the two selected communication technologies you have chosen with support from scholarly research
Describe the function of each technologyAnalyze how it is used in the healthcare setting
Examine how the two selected technologies can be used to improve communication among the healthcare team.
Provide a specific practice example from the literature to support
how each technology has been shown to improve communication among the
Discuss how each communication technology has been shown to improve patient outcomes.
Identify evidence from the literature to support how each technology has been shown to impact patient outcomes.
Format:Standard American English (correct grammar, punctuation, etc.)Logical, original and insightfulProfessional organization, style, and mechanics in APA formatSubmit document through Grammarly to correct errors before submission
Rasmussen College Operative Communication in Healthcare Sector Worksheet
A Case Analysis of Uber
Uber is a ride-sharing service started in 2009. If you are not familiar with Uber, you can learn more about the services it provides at Uber.com.
Construct an draft eight-page analysis of Uber using the following criteria.
Analyze the market before Uber’s entry. Describe the inefficiency Uber exploited.
Explain Uber’s surge pricing in the context of shifts in supply and demand.
Evaluate Uber’s surge pricing in the context of price discrimination.
Apply the concepts of economies of scale and economies of scope to Uber’s business model.
Apply the concepts of game theory to Uber’s market.
Assess Uber’s potential for international expansion and potential trade policy issues.
Explain the incentive pay model Uber uses and how it affects the principal-agent problem.
Discuss any asymmetric information issues with Uber’s business model.
Columbia Southern University Interactive Modes of Work on Uber Company Case Study
A Study On Hitlers Operation Barbarossa
Operation Barbarossa was the plan initiated by Hitler to invade Russia. It can be considered as the most grueling battle with millions killed injured and captured. Many historian’s see it as a main reason for the German loss in the Second World War. After the London blitz in _, Hitler initiated the attempted capture of Russia. Even though there were agreements between the two superpowers, the tension was too strong to avoid a conflict. However, what motivated Hitler to move on Russia when their advantages lied in London. The aim of this investigation is to find the reasons behind Hitler’s decision to finally overtake Russia, even though they had London in the firing lines. What influenced Hitler’s judgment? Why did he attack when he could have continued friendly relations with Russia? The question I formulated from this investigation is, “To what extent can Hitler’s Operation Barbarossa be considered as an useless strike against Russia?” I will be using a number of primary and secondary sources, such as Mein Kamph, journals from historians and finally, Viktor Suvorov’s book presentation at the United States Naval Academy. B. Summary of Evidence Even before the London Blitz, Adolf Hitler had decided to invade the Soviet Union. From as early as June, 1940, this was despite the fact that the Soviet-German Pact had been signed in August of the preceding year. In Mein Kampf and in numerous speeches, Adolf Hitler claimed that the German population needed more living space, his “Lebensraum policy was mainly directed at the Soviet Union”  . One of the main reasons that Hitler’s General’s opposed an invasion of Russia was that it threatened to stretch the military capacity of Germany with a war on two fronts. Hitler’s belief was that, by subjugating Russia – he would be eliminating Great Britain’s last possible mainland ally before the United States entered the war. He expected this to happen between 1942 and 1943. Realizing that his forces were not ready, Hitler postponed Operation Barbarossa until May 1941. Originally Joseph Stalin believed that Germany would not invade the Soviet Union until Britain and France had been conquered. “From Stalin’s own calculations, this would not be until the summer of 1942. However, some of his closest advisers began to argue that 1941 would be a much more likely date”  . According to Hitler’s plan, Russia’s organized forces were to be completely crushed by October of that year – within five months. Diplomatic relations between Germany and the Soviet Union was ruined as a result of Germany’s actions in its dealings with Finland, Hungary and Romania. Fearing that the Russians might suspend the valuable supply of raw materials and could be susceptible to the trade embargo of Britain, Hitler sent a letter To Stalin on October 13th, explaining these apparent transgressions and suggesting that Stalin send his Foreign Minister Molotov to Berlin to meet with Hitler and discuss the future ‘spoils’ of the post war world. Soviets increased interests in Finland, Turkey and Bulgaria, created an increasing rift between the two superpowers. Little that they know, Stalin’s decision to refuse co-operation would increase the chances of war and that it was a matter of ‘when’ rather than ‘if’. The failure of the talks with Molotov only strengthened Hitler’s resolve to hit Russia, and hit it hard. He was determined to crush Soviet Russia before the conclusion of the war with England. From the beginning of 1941, the German’s began transporting 3,400,000 men, 600,000 vehicles and 600,000 horses into a concentrated area between the Black Sea and the Baltic. However, even though these were clear signals of aggression, Russia avoided any direct confrontation in a feeble attempt to uphold the Soviet-German agreements. Nevertheless, there are post revisionist’s who believe that this is not the case.There are two Russian anthologies, both issued in 1995 with the title, “Did Stalin Make Preparations for an Offensive War Against Hitler?” They contain articles by revisionist scholars as well as critics of revisionism. “This most recent collection of Russian revisionist writings deepens our understanding of Stalin’s preparations for a military first-strike against Germany in the summer of 1941”.  The strategic deployment plan, approved by Stalin at a conference on May 15, 1941, with General Staff chief Georgi Zhukov while Defense Commissar Semen Timoshenko, called for a Blitzkrieg like attack. This revisionist claim “also devotes much attention to analyzing Stalin’s speech of May 5, 1941, delivered to graduates of Soviet military academies. In this speech Stalin justified his change of foreign policy in connection with the now decided-upon attack against Germany. From the Communist point of view even a Soviet war of aggression is a “just war” because it serves to expand the “territory of the socialist world” and “to destroy the capitalist world.” Most important in this May 5 speech was Stalin’s efforts to dispel the “myth of the invincible Wehrmacht.”  The Red Army was strong enough to smash any enemy, even the “seemingly invincible Wehrmacht.” These major findings and conclusions of Russian revisionists are derived mostly from the article cited above. Stalin wanted a general European war of exhaustion in which the USSR would intervene at the politically and militarily most expedient moment. Stalin’s main intention is seen in his speech to the Politburo of August 19, 1939. From the outset Stalin reckoned on a war with Germany, and the conquest of Germany. Stalin said that war with Germany was inevitable, and characterized it as a war not only of a defensive nature but rather of an offensive nature.”  C. Evaluation of Sources Source A: Book presentation by Viktor Suvorov ORIGIN PURPOSE VALUE LIMITATION Source B: Daniel W. Michaels, Examining Stalin’s 1941 Plan to Attack Germany: Operation Barbarossa and the Russian Historians’ Dispute (review) ORIGIN PURPOSE VALUE LIMITATION D. Analysis Hitler’s descision to invade Russia lacked any foresight or consequence. His ambition to carry out his beliefs of wiping out communism clouded his judgement and his ability to assess risk. Germany’s original belief was that “The German Army could have won the Russo-German War if only its leaders had made better decisions at certain key junctions.” Illustrated below are clear examples of how the German leadership, not just those of the Army, squandered away opportunities to not only correctly plan the operation, but also to win it. The failure of Operation Barbarossa to achieve its objectives within a limited time frame caused the Germans to lose the war by December 1941-everything after that was just trading ground for time until the eventual defeat. Their failures in England should have led them to shift emphasis to long-range bombers, especially considering that “planning for war with Soviet Russia began on 29 July, 1940.” The vastness of the Soviet Union alone should have convinced the Germans that long-range bombers would be necessary; but instead they stuck to their plan of a quick, short campaign, no doubt gambling that they could take whatever airfields they needed along the way and move the Luftwaffe forward after each successful battle. Rather than revise their thinking and learning from their mistakes, they blundered forward. Sea Lion was the first real German setback, and a hugely foolish mistake by Hitler. He should have finished with the west before turning east; because as we know England was left to get stronger, and the entire island was used as a forward base to build up supplies and troops between 1941 and the D-Day attack in 1944. While the Germans were bleeding to death in Russia, the Allies got stronger and stronger in the safe rear area that would become ‘Fortress England’. But instead the Germans postponed Sea Lion indefinitely and began to turn their attentions eastward-where Hitler had yearned to go since he wrote “Mien Kampf ” nearly 20 years earlier. A large portion of the failure to successfully execute Operation Barbarossa must go to the planners and those involved with German intelligence. Many key failures of either or both directly led to the Germans being stalled in the snows just outside Moscow in December, 1941. As far as horse cavalry was concerned, the mighty “German accounts tended to ridicule cavalry units as hopeless anachronisms. During the winter of 1941-42, when all mechanized units were immobilized by cold and snow, the horse cavalry divisions (and newly created ski battalions and brigades) [of the Russians] proved effectiveâ€¦” Here the Germans stubbornly clung to their belief in a quick war that would be long over before the snows of October could set in. It would appear that no thought was given in the time leading up to the attack for contingencies based on failures to meet objectives. For instance, how could the planners not have drawn up contingency plans to cover cold weather operations? Flexibility is a major key to successful warfare. Yet two more failures had to do with German lack of any knowledge of new Russian tanks and their under-estimation of Russian military strength. Hitler moved the date for Barbarossa back to 22 June from 15 May because of “[t]he German invasion of Yugoslavia and Greece during April and May, 1941â€¦also caused a series of delays in the attack on Russia itself.” At the time, it likely seemed the sensible thing for Germany to do; but by December, with their armies poised to finish off Russia and take Moscow, it can be seen as a key contributor to Nazi defeat. This delay of five weeks would prove to be crucial! Had Barbarossa started in May instead of June, they would have arrived in Moscow and Leningrad sooner and would have taken both cities. This was yet another in a long line of German errors and miscalculations that contributed to their defeat against the Russians in the war; but logistics might have been the key area that really broke the Nazis back. E. Conclusion F. Sources Mein kamph The meaning of the second world war Video Journal Internet
Components and Functions of the Synapse
essay helper free Components and Functions of the Synapse. B. The connection between two neurons is called a synapse, a term derived from the Latin word that means “to grasp.” The synapse consists of many components that are essential to the flow of information from one neuron to another. Through an outline of these components, we can begin to understand how processes such as synaptic transmission are possible. In regards to our understanding of the synapse, it is important to note the accomplishments of Charles Scott Sherrington and his initial work that first outlined the basic properties of the synapse. One of the properties, reflexes, or automatic muscular responses to stimuli was demonstrated by pinching a dog’s leg in his experiments. Sherrington demonstrated that a short delay occurs before the dog flexes the pinched leg and extends the others. This finding is important because he discovered that transmission through the reflex arc is slower than transmission through an equivalent length of axon. This led him to conclude that the delay must occur where one neuron communicates with another, a concept he introduced as a synapse. Sherrington’s work outlines other basic properties of the synapse such as temporal and spatial summation. Temporal summation is a concept where a single stimulus (a single pinch) is too weak to reach threshold to produce an action potential in the postsynaptic neuron. When stimuli occur in succession (i.e., pinching the dog’s foot several times), however, the combined effect can be enough to produce an action potential, thereby causing a reflex. With spatial summation, several stimuli occurring at different points on the body combine their effects on a neuron. By pinching multiple places on a dog’s body, for example, the combined effect can be enough to produce a reflex. Sherrington work also infers the property of inhibitory synapses. This is a concept where after a reflex (action potential) occurs, hyperpolarization causes the cell to become more negative, therefore making it difficult for another action potential to immediately occur. As technology has improved, so has our understanding of the mechanisms of the synapse. Before we can understand the components and functioning of the synapse, however, it is important to first consider neurons. Neurons have the responsibility of producing all of our movements, thoughts, memories, and emotions. There are four major types of neurons: motor neurons, sensory, interneurons, and projection neurons. Each of these neurons shares a common structure and function. For example, the soma, or cell body, contains the cell’s nucleus, most of the cytoplasm, and structures that convert nutrients into energy and eliminate waste materials for each of these neurons. This quality is not unique, however, as this is also a component of any cell in the body. The quality that separates neurons from other cells are dendrites, extensions that branch out from the soma to receive information from other neurons, and axons, which extend like a tail from the cell body and carries information to other locations. Branches at the end of the axon culminate in swellings called bulbs or terminals. The terminals contain chemical neurotransmitters, which the neuron releases to communicate with a muscle or an organ or the next neuron in the chain. As introduced earlier, the connection between two neurons is called a synapse, a site where most communication among neurons occurs. To clarify the function and purpose of the synapse, it is important to understand the sequence of major chemical events that occur at the synapse. At the site of the cell body, neurons synthesize chemicals that serve as neurotransmitters, specifically peptide neurotransmitters. The neuron then transports the peptide neurotransmitters to the axon terminals. Action potentials then travel down the axon where at the presynaptic terminal, the action potential enables calcium to enter the cell. The calcium then releases neurotransmitters from the terminals and into the synaptic cleft (the space between the presynaptic and postsynaptic neurons). Next, the neurotransmitter binds to the receptor, diffusing across the cleft and altering the activity of the postsynaptic neuron. This alteration also causes the neurotransmitter molecules to separate from their receptors. Finally, reuptake of the neurotransmitter occurs, recycling neurotransmitters back into the presynaptic neuron. All of these events lead a successful transmission at the point of the synapse. There are different types of synapses used in the flow of information from neuron to neuron. Axodendritic synapses, synapses of axon terminal buttons on dendrites, terminate on dendritic spines, small synaptic buds that cover the surfaces of many dendrites. Also common are axosomatic synapses, synapses of axon terminal buttons on somas. Although axodendritic and axosomatic synapses are the most common synaptic arrangements, there are several others. For example, there are dendrodendritic synapses, which are capable of transmission in either direction; and there are axoaxonal synapses, which can mediate presynaptic inhibition. Also, there are directed synapses, synapses at which the site of neurotransmitter release and the site of neurotransmitter reception are in close proximity. This is a common arrangement, but, there are also many nondirected synapses in the nervous system. Nondirected synapses are synapses at which the site of release is at some distance from the site of reception. In this type of arrangement, neurotransmitter molecules are released from a series of varicosities along the axon and its branches and thus are widely dispersed to surrounding targets. Because of their appearance, these synapses are often referred to as string-of-beads synapses. In conclusion, with the initial contributions of Sherrington and with what is known about neurotransmission today, we have been able to outline the basic components and functions of the synapse. The synapse, in turn, is an essential component for the transmission of neurons, which enables the human body to respond to events in the environment. By acting as a “bridge” between the neurons, the synapse is helping to control human movements, thoughts, memories, and emotions. The synapse is truly a necessary component in the human body. Components and Functions of the Synapse
Business Law: Gibson v. Manchester City Council Case Study
Table of Contents Citation Facts Issue Decision Reason Citation The name of the case is Gibson v. Manchester City Council. Mr. Gibson was the plaintiff, and Lord Diplock was the defendant. The case was examined in the Court of Appeals in the city of Manchester in 1979. Lord Diplock was the representative of the Manchester City Council under the leadership of the Conservative Party. Facts Mr. Gibson appealed to the Court of Appeals of the city of Manchester with a request to provide him with a house that he allegedly had received from the city authorities in accordance with earlier correspondence. The man had initially rented this home, but he subsequently turned to the council asking the board to let him buy this property. Mr. Gibson appealed the previous court decision because he had been forbidden to obtain rights to this house because there was no explicitly drawn up act and the contract of sale. Lord Diplock who represented the interests of the council acted as a defendant and made assumptions about the lawfulness of Gibson’s actions and his opportunity to obtain rights to the house. Issue In 1971, Mr. Gibson asked the local authorities about the cost of his house and the possible mortgage terms of its purchase. Soon, he received an official treasurer’s reply. The letter said that the council could consider Mr. Gibson’s proposal and offer him the amount of 2,180 pounds sterling, taking into account all the necessary deductions. He was also asked to fill out an application and consult the council with an official request for the purchase of the real estate. However, despite the completion of the form, the representatives of the Labor Party that came to power in 1971 forbade Mr. Gibson to buy the house. Decision In accordance with the discussion and arguments of the defense party, in particular, Lord Diplock, it was decided to refuse Mr. Gibson in his appeal, that is, the Court of Appeals confirmed the previous decision of the lower court. The House of Lords unanimously supported the council; therefore, the plaintiff did not receive his house. The history of correspondence was considered, according to which a proper verdict was passed. One of the reasons for the refusal was a traditional approach to correspondence and drafting agreements. The court found the claims of the plaintiff unfounded and decided to leave the house in possession of the city. The contract filled in by Mr. Gibson was declared invalid and not having legal force. Reason One of the primary reasons why the Court of Appeals decided to refuse Mr. Gibson in his request to get the house was because of the lack of a formed proposal. According to Lord Diplock, the correspondence between the man and the authorities could not be considered legal and valid because the treasurer did not tell Mr. Gibson that the council would sell the house 100%. The formulation of the answer was that the authorities could consider such a proposal by Gibson and set out specific conditions sent to him in response. However, the plaintiff regarded this action as a real consent to the sale. That is why he appealed to the court, based on the fact that the authorities and he had an official agreement. Nevertheless, the court did not find the grounds for sale in the correspondence, and an appropriate decision was made.
A Child With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) Case Essay
A child counselor works with children to help them become mentally and emotionally stable. The case that is examined in this essay is a child with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The disorder is about disruptive behaviors of children, such as difficulty in communication, aggressiveness, not obeying school or parents’ commands, etc. The child is 12 years old and was diagnosed with ADHD when he was six years old. Numerous complaints from teachers and others around him were due to his disrespectful actions towards them. He does not get well at home or in school and does not listen to anybody. The child has a lot of siblings and a family that is in a financial state of poverty. His parents do not discipline him and place the responsibility of his actions on ADHD. The child usually causes trouble when he is not monitored. I will use a cognitive theory of counseling to maintain the mental health of the child. The cognitive theory emphasizes an individual’s feelings and present behaviors. It is also more oriented to problem-solving rather than the past of the individual. To communicate with the child and know him better, I will apply “play therapy.” During the therapy, children are expected to play games with different toys that they enjoy. Such activity may reveal various aspects of a child’s personality and mental health. In addition, a counselor can engage more with a child, so having a connection with him. Nielsen et al. (2017) investigated that occupational therapy that includes “play, sensory, motor, and cognitive skills” have a positive impact on children with ADHD (pp. 73). When having play therapy, the child obtains all the attention of a counselor and has the ability to communicate with the adult nearby. Such a comfortable place may make the child feel safe so that he is ready for examination by a counselor. Moreover, a study of 40 preschool and school-age children with ADHD and their parents and teachers was conducted to examine the effects of play therapy on stabilizing attention deficient hyperactivity disorder (El-Nagger et al., 2017). The study found a positive correlation between the therapy and children’s mental health. There also were significant statistical differences in children’s emotional and behavioral conditions before and after the use of play therapy sessions. In addition to the play therapy, I suggest using therapy with the child’s parents. Parents-child interactions are shown to be effective in mitigating the disruptive behavior of children (Hosogane et al., 2018). Parents may be involved after an individual therapy session with a counselor. This is because the child may feel aggression towards his parents and be triggered by them. Therefore, careful engagement of parents in game therapy is crucial. By systematic work with parents and the child, a counselor can identify effective treatment and teach parents how to deal with their child outside of a counseling center. To conclude, the role of a child’s counselor in maintaining the mental health of a child is vital, as he reveals problems of the child and helps him to control his emotions. Play therapy can be applied to work with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. By active interaction with a child and providing him a comfortable place, a counselor can analyze the actions of the child and suggest treatment. Moreover, there is a need to encourage parents in play therapy to have a persistent treatment. References Nielsen, S. K., Kelsch, K.,
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